Population of Istanbul and its population in 2018

National composition and population of Istanbul

Istanbul has a population of over 14 million people and is the largest city in Turkey by population.

The capital of modern Turkey has long been considered a “magnet” for immigrants from different territories. Not for nothing on the 7 hills (the city is built on high ground) bloody battles took place, colored flags were hoisted, temples were torn down, mosques were arranged and transportation routes were paved.

As a result the population of Istanbul at present consists of 58 % Moslems and 42 % Christians and Jews.

The population of Istanbul is 14,804,116 people.

Nationalities of Istanbul

The close proximity of synagogues to mosques and orthodox churches no longer surprises anyone. The city, which has a history of more than two thousand centuries, lives according to the democratic laws of the present time: People of different religions and nationalities can easily get along together. So here, in the numerous market squares and green squares, one can find both hereditary Greeks from the Archipelago Islands, and Syrians in the 12th generation, and Serbs, and Egyptians, and Moors, and Armenians from Asia Minor.

On the growth of the population in different years

Istanbul has a rich history. In different years it was the center of the Byzantine Empire (Byzantium), the Roman Empire (Constantinople) and the Ottoman Empire (Istanbul). Depending on the power of the state, the city grew along the Bosphorus Strait, and the number and density of the population increased exponentially.

So if number of Greeks and Romans in capital of Roman Empire reached about 400 thousand people in the Byzantium Empire thanks to migration streams of Slavic peoples from the Balkan mountains number of inhabitants was up to 700 thousand. Later Crusades, diseases and social problems caused the population of the ancient city to decrease to 70-100 thousand people.

Sultan Mehmed II took advantage of it in 1453, who proclaimed Istanbul the center of the new Muslim empire. Since that time the new period of human civilization flourished and the demographic “explosion” began. By the beginning of the 20th century over 1 million people were registered in Istanbul.

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Population growth in the 21st century

In 2000, there were about 10 million people living in Istanbul. And already in 2012, 13 million 800 thousand were registered on the territory of the capital. According to the results of the last census carried out by the Turkish Institute of Statistics, it turned out that the population growth from 2008 to 2012 was 1 million 157 thousand 576 people, and the main reason for the rapid growth of indicators – internal migration.

At the moment the Turkish capital is divided into 32 districts. The most populous of them is considered Gaziosmanpash (1 million 13 thousand), the most “uninhabited” – Prince Islands (10 thousand). Nevertheless, the giant city is constantly expanding, merging with the surrounding areas, compacted due to the construction of high-rise structures.

In the summer periods in Istanbul there is an unprecedented accumulation of people in the streets and hotels. Some sources report figures as high as 20 million. What creates such a demographic “picture”?

Population of Istanbul in 2018

A large number of migrant workers from other regions of Turkey come to Istanbul. The fact is that in Turkey there is no such thing as permanent registration.

Istanbul is also attractive for migrants from near and far abroad.

The city is especially loved by tourists. Hundreds of thousands of travelers from all over the world come here by ships, planes, trains and buses to enjoy the magnificent sights or to take a shopping tour.

Istanbul’s population is growing at the expense of the homeless. There are employment opportunities for them here.

The Population of Istanbul and its Surprising Formation

Istanbul is a city with a very interesting history. Undoubtedly, the processes of migration have influenced the population of the modern Turkish capital.

Until the 15th century, the city’s population consisted mostly of Greeks. This fact is explained by the aggressive imposition of the Islamic religion and the Turkish language by the Ottoman Empire. Therefore, almost two-thirds of the city’s population has Greek roots.

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In this article, we will look at how many people are in Istanbul and how the city began to be populated.

The population of Istanbul today according to official data is 14,377,018 people . In fact, it can be more than 20 million . But more about that later. About the city’s population can be found in the history, which you can find on the website. Also about the local people speak eloquently in museums, mosques and palaces.

Settlement during the Greek period

The Greek period

The territory of modern Istanbul was settled as early as 2 millennia B.C. There lived on this territory Greeks with slaves of different nationalities and Scythian tribes. After the city was proclaimed the capital of the Roman Empire, the population increased dramatically.

By the 5th century, the area had about 500,000 inhabitants. The Greeks, Romans, and other peoples living in the capital called themselves Byzantines.

Over the next 2 centuries, Byzantium became an Orthodox state, thanks to the migration of Slavic tribes. In addition to the Slavs and Greeks, many Armenians lived in the city. During this period the population grew to about 700,000.

Today’s cosmopolitan Istanbul is famous for its Oriental markets: Grand Bazaar, Egyptian and many others. For shopping lovers there are shopping centers, stores for every taste, all kinds of shops.

The population of Istanbul in the Middle Ages

In XIV-XV centuries the Slavic nation was damaged irreparably by the Crusades and raids of the Venetians. Struggle and internecine wars began.

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During this difficult time, many people died of starvation. The population was reduced to 100,000. After the conquest by Mohammed II, the city begins to move away from Christianity. Many Islamic neighborhoods appear. Muslim supremacy is beginning to be felt. This is evidenced by the large number of huge mosques: Sultan Suleiman, Mihrimah, the Blue Mosque.

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The number of inhabitants of the modern city

During the Ottoman period besides the Greeks who converted to Islam, the Albanians began to appear. Also the Crimean Tatars, Janissaries, and the peoples of the Caucasus lived there.

In the 15th century the first census was taken in the city, which officially showed how many people lived in Istanbul at that time. This figure reached 175,000.

The formation of the modern population

Since then, the city has been actively developing, greatly increasing in number. Islam and the Turkish language spread throughout the area. The population of Istanbul in 2013 was nearly 14,000,000.

The vast majority of the city’s inhabitants consider themselves ethnic Turks, preach Islam, and speak the Turkish language. Turkey’s capital has become the cultural center of Europe.

The city is now developing very intensively. The city lives off tourism and developed industry. The population of Istanbul 2014 increased by almost a million compared to last year. And this is only the official data. There is information that in fact the city has about 20,000,000 people. If you get to Istanbul, we advise to visit the Baselica Cistern, Galata Tower, Dolbahce Palace. Also enjoy the unique nature of this country by visiting Cleopatra Island (information here) or the Prince Islands (go here).

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