Pushkin Mountains Museum-Reserve

Pushkin Mountains Museum-Reserve

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Pushkinskie Gory is a small modern settlement in the Pskov region, founded in the early 16th century. Originally the settlement existed as a sloboda Tobolonets. Svyatogorsky monastery was its main monastery. The peak of the popularity of the territory began when it was given the status of museum-reserve. Every year tourists come here to experience the spirit of Russian culture and to spend time away from the bustle of the city. There is a village Mikhailovskoe, where the great poet Alexander Pushkin spent his childhood. In addition, the writer returned here more than once, being inspired to create new works.

The former family estate of Hannibal-Pushkin is a very beautiful and peaceful place with an abundance of memorable places. The area of Pushkin Reserve is 700 hectares. The land is hilly, there are a lot of lakes, green plantings. Meadows, pine forest, picturesque landscapes will give a true aesthetic pleasure. The village is used for a variety of film festivals, dedicated to the works of great poets.

Pushkin Mountains

How to get there?

The regional center is small. The city-type settlement has a population of slightly more than five thousand people. The best option for a trip is a sightseeing tour or a personal car. The distance from Moscow to the Pushkin Mountains is 670 kilometers (7 hours drive). Driving along the M 9 highway. If you drive from Pskov, you will need to overcome 115 km. Railroad tracks are not put, there are no airports. The train goes to Velikie Luki. The reserve has an official site, there is detailed information about the routes and prices.

Cafes, restaurants, hotels

In the village there are hotels “Zaozerye” and “Pushkinskie gory”. The number of places is limited, so it is recommended to reserve in advance. Lodging can be found in the private sector. Cafes and restaurants are represented by such establishments as Wolf, Barn under the Oaks, Petrovskoe, Korzinka, Svyatogor and Lukomorye. Russian and European cuisine is popular.

Attractions

A visit to the amazing locality will give a lot of unforgettable positive emotions. You will definitely want to repeat the trip. As a rule, a standard tour lasts one or two days. But this time may not be enough to deeply explore the history of the Russian land. If you are not indifferent to literature, the history of your homeland or dream to spend time comfortably and relaxed, then by all means choose this route. The trip will seem fascinating, both for children and adults. The trip can be made at any time of the year. In Sviatogorsk monastery A.S. Pushkin is buried. This fact greatly increases the importance of the place.

Mikhailovskoe estate

It is recommended to begin the tour with a study of the poet’s estate. Here the creator of great works spent his childhood and adolescence. Also the writer stayed here in exile in 1824-1826. The novelist was noted for his heightened interest in atheism and was forced to stay in “confinement”. The provincial hinterland inspired the author to create many famous poems. A museum was opened in memory of the poet (1911). Unfortunately, the oldest buildings have not survived, and the contemporaries restored almost all the objects, according to the available inventories. The reason for the loss of buildings – a large fire in 1918, also World War II has brought considerable damage.

Separate attention was paid to the restoration of the poet’s house-museum. The architects managed to fully recreate the lost interior. The museum exhibits include original belongings of the poet. Such rooms as the poet’s study, the kitchen, the living room, the nanny’s house are offered for the tour. On the territory is ennobled a cozy Mikhailovsky park. It thoroughly conveys the flavor of a bygone era. Spruce alley was planted by the great-grandfather of the poet. The alley of Anna Kern is also preserved. Pushkin often walked here in the company of his lady of the heart. For a minute there is an impression that you really go to the distant past, full of secrets and mysteries. Employees of the museum carefully monitor the state of the museum. Each exhibit has its own story. The guide will tell you about the peculiarities of the poet’s life. Perhaps you can learn facts that you have never even guessed.

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Petrovskoe estate

The settlement is popular among tourists with the Petrovsky estate. The estate also has a rich history and will be interesting for leisure activities. The former owner is the great-grandfather of Alexander Pushkin. The possession was given to him by the Empress. The last owner was Veniamin Petrovich. In 1936 the territory became part of the museum-reserve. The site had been restored for a long time, as its condition was dismal.

In 1918, the houses, in which the poet liked to spend time, were irrevocably lost. A great-uncle’s house was rebuilt. The construction was finished in 2000. Nowadays the museum complex includes grandfather’s house, great-grandfather’s dwelling, and a park grotto. The exposition of the museum is represented by authentic items. Many items were found during archaeological excavations. Based on the findings, scientists have made a conclusion about the peculiarities of bygone times. There are three trees – elms and one linden. They grew back in the time of Abram Hannibal.

Trigorsk estate

This territory was not the property of the poet, but belonged to people with whom he was friends and liked to spend time. In 1918 all the buildings were also damaged by fire. After World War II, the objects were restored bit by bit.

Pushkin loved to stay in the lord’s house, the banya. Here he could retire and enjoy the silence. In the main building is organized museum, which holds the things of bygone times. Not far away is Trigorsk park. Here you can see a large number of interesting places. If you are looking for an area that is not crowded, then by all means come here. From the park there is a path to the orchard along the pond. It will lead you to the Vyndomsky estate.

Trigorsky Park

The small and cozy park is a traditional version of the garden art of the 18th century. Initially it was planned to arrange the territory in a romantic style. Vydomsky was in charge of laying the process. This man had an entrepreneurial streak, so he had the idea to build a linen factory on the east side. He also mounted the food barns. The orchard served as a divider between the east and west sides. The terrain was hilly, with ravines, so it took a long time to develop the project.

If you walk through the park, you will certainly see corners that can be traced back to the famous novel “Eugene Onegin.” As in the 18th century. There is a winding path that leads to a gazebo. There are linden trees growing along the edges of the path. The descent is convenient for walking. You can admire the lowland and walk to the baths. A magnificent cascade of three ponds will be available for viewing. Surprisingly spectacular picture, pleasing to the eye. After a large linden alley is a small bridge made of wood. The local nature delights with its splendor and harmony.

Sviatogorsky monastery

The cloister has a long and authentic history. It has a close connection with the life of a popular prose writer. His grave is located near the walls of the shrine. The date of the foundation of the monastery is 1569. This is the time of the reign of Ivan the Terrible. The tsar loved this place. For a long time, the cathedral was one of the most revered and richest. Today, the Christian world is in awe of the monastery. In addition, the object was a border outpost of Russia. In 1920, like many other temples, the shrine was closed. For a long period of time the building was used as a bakery, clubhouse and printing house. Years of war severely damaged the cathedral. In 1949 it was rebuilt again.

In 1992, opened the exhibition complex of the Holy Mountains. In the same year, the magnificent temple ensemble was returned to Orthodoxy. Today, as before, priests offer prayers for the great poet’s repose. Alexander’s relatives donated a lot of money for the benefit of the monastic complex. The writer himself often liked to come to the monastery. He bowed to the graves of his ancestors, visited the library and the popular Sviatogorsk fairs. Enjoying the tranquility of the territory, the words of the poet slip into memory – “the people’s path will not be overgrown.

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Temple of Kazan icon of the Mother of God

The church is a historical and cultural monument of the 18th century. It is located in the village of Pushkinskiye Gory and is incredibly popular with believers. There are always a lot of people here. The monastery is built on the hill – Timofeevka Hill. There is a path to Lesnaya street. There are a lot of legends about the place. According to one of them, the shepherd Timothy saw the miracle-working icon of the Mother of God on the river. He spent 40 days near the reservoir, having built himself a small cave in the mountain and a kushta. Soon the icon appeared to the inhabitants on the nearby Holy Mountain. Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin was interested in the life of Timothy. Not far from the temple there is a chapel of the Intercession. In it rests an acquaintance of the writer, who left reverent memories about him.

Abode erected in 1765 has always been a virgin. Even in times of repression services were held. When Sviatogorsk monastery was closed in 1924, all the relics were moved here for storage. Around the church there is a rural cemetery.

Museum “The mill in the village of Bugrovo

The poet visited the holy mountains and the monastery, passing through the village of Bugrovo. The memories of this event are preserved in manuscripts of local peasants. They tell how Pushkin often stopped by the local mill. Today there is a museum in the village, which tells the story of the prose writer’s village life. The watermill was accurately recreated by architects according to the drawings of the 18th century. The wheel rotates by the waters of the Lugovka river. The ancient millstones rotate the same way they did 300 years ago. The miller, just as in ancient times, pours the grain, which turns into flour right in front of the amazed audience. Flour you can buy if you want in a souvenir bag.

On the territory there are many other unusual objects – the miller’s house, mill utensils, scales, etc. If you look on the other side of the river, you will see a small farmyard. It consists of a hut, a barn, stables, and a stable. Behind the house there is a banya. It is heated black. In the hut there is a stove, a bench, a table, jugs, pots, and other attributes of a bygone era. At the exit from the village there is an inn. Here you can stop and enjoy the rustic cuisine. The food from the oven is fragrant and healthy.

Berezino village

The village is notable for the fact that it was the residence of Sergei Dovlatov. It is the author of the novel “The Reserve”. In the village you can see the house where the writer lived in 1977.

From the building stretches a field path. By the way, this moment is traced in the novel. There is a private museum here. He will tell about the legendary events of the Pushkin Mountains. The place itself is quiet and comfortable. It is pleasant to take walks here, reflecting on the past and the present.

Savkin mountain

On the coast of the Sorot, a few kilometers from Mikhailovskoye, is the site of Savkino settlement. The area is a monument of Russian antiquity and is incredibly beautiful. The hill has a geometric shape with a steep slope. Its origin is natural. Savkin mountain has long served as a fortification element of Russia. Excavations have shown that the place dates back to the 9th century. This is probably where the “St. Michael’s monastery from Gorodishche” stood. In the 20th century, there was a small, dilapidated chapel. Not far from it is a massive stone more than 400 years old. The place also enjoyed success with Pushkin. He found solitude and silence here. This information can be traced in his book (1831).

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Ornithological nursery

The ornithological nursery was organized in a small village called Podborje. On the farm are engaged in breeding pheasants, chickens and ostriches. Ornithologist – Andrei Goloshchapov. Just pheasants alone there are more than 80 species. Among them, many rare specimens. The first animals came here from Alma-Ata. Ornithologist cooperates with other specialists.

He is happy to conduct a mutually beneficial exchange of birds. If you want to see the inhabitants of the farm with your own eyes, then by all means come here on a tour. Positive emotions are guaranteed. In addition to birds you can see rabbits, wolf cubs, dogs, bears, roe deer. Especially children will enjoy such a trip.

Museum of Beekeeping

In the Pushkin Mountains there is another unusual place to visit if you have time – the museum of beekeeping. The area of “Bee Estate” will introduce you to exhibits relating to antiquity. You will also learn a lot of useful information about modern technology.

Here you will see different types of barns, hives, ancient means of protection. There are many visual aids. You can learn how the development of the craft took place. Honey, beeswax, and propolis are available for sale. The honey shop also offers fun souvenirs.

A walk through Pushkin’s mountains will be remembered for a long time. If you have some more time, you can visit the ancient settlement Velie and Krestodvizhenskaya church, look at the quiet place on the lake Malenets and Kuchane, and visit the family estate of the Lions – Altun. The Pushkin museum-reserve will leave only the most pleasant memories of the trip.

Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoye

Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoye

Museum: in summer (from May 1 to October 31) every day from 10:00 to 18:00, the cashier from 09:30 to 17:30. On Saturdays from 10:00 to 20:00. Fall Tuesdays through 5 p.m., box office 9:30 a.m. to 4:30 p.m. Sanitation day is the last Tuesday of the month.

Entrance ticket (house-museum, wings): adults – from 250 rubles, seniors and students from 16 years – from 200 rubles, children under 16 years – free of charge. The cost varies during the year, read more in the text.

The Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoye in Pushkinogorsky District is a part of the Federal State Budgetary Cultural Institution “Pushkin State Memorial Historical-Literary and Natural-Landscape Museum-Reserve Mikhailovskoye”. There are also museum-estate Trigorskoye, museum-estate Petrovskoye, museum complex Bugrovo, necropolis of Hannibalov-Pushkin and ancient settlements.

Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoe is the famous ancestral estate of the mother of Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin, which became his kind of poetic homeland. Here the great Russian poet wrote the novel “Eugene Onegin” and a lot of poems.

The house-museum of Alexander Pushkin

Today visitors of the complex can see the house-museum of Alexander Pushkin, the estate buildings (Nanny’s House, Kitchen, House and Office of the manager, the colony of writers), as well as Mikhailovsky Park. In addition to the permanent exhibition, Mikhailovskoye Estate Museum regularly holds festivals, thematic exhibitions of paintings, graphic works, clothing collections, household items, books, etc. The institution participates in the international campaign “Night of Museums”.

History of the house-museum in the village of Mikhailovskoye

Lands of Pushkin’s reserve were granted by Empress Elizabeth in 1742 to Pushkin’s great-grandfather, Abram Petrovich Hannibal. When he died in 1781 the village Ustje of Opochetsky district of Pskov province was inherited by his son Osip Abramovich. He renamed the estate Mikhailovskoye, built a house on the estate, and laid out a beautiful park with avenues and flower beds.

The poet’s mother received Mikhailovskoye in 1818. But Pushkin first visited the estate a year before that. The second time he came here in 1819. Then it was in Mikhailovskoye where the poet spent two years of his exile, from 1824 to 1826. After that Alexander Sergeyevich visited his ancestral home four more times: at the beginning of the winter in 1826, in 1827, 1835 and in the spring of 1836. His last visit was connected with a sad event – he came to the funeral of his mother in Sviatogorsk monastery. In the same year the estate became his property, and a year later, after Pushkin’s death, it passed to his children.

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At the beginning of the XX century the estate twice burned, in 1921 it was restored, and in 1922 it was turned into a museum. Since 2013, by government decree, Mikhailovskoe was made a cultural heritage site of federal significance. Most of the buildings of the estate were destroyed during the Second World War, and then reconstructed from scratch on the foundations that had survived.

Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoye

A.S. Pushkin House-Museum

The poet’s house-museum is the center of the exposition; it is where the introduction to the reserve begins. First, guests are taken to the anteroom, where exhibits about the history of the estate are displayed. The most valuable exhibits are the estate plan from 1786 and a lithograph depicting the house in Pushkin’s time (the only surviving image from that period).

To the left of the anteroom is the maiden’s room (the nurse’s room). In this room the maidens used to do needlework, so the center of the exhibition is embroidery. There are also Arina Rodionovna’s letters to Pushkin and other documents.

Interior of the main house in Mikhailovskoye

From the maiden’s room guests get to the parents’ room . In addition to family portraits, the exposition contains copies of drafts and letters of Alexander Sergeyevich during his exile.

In the next room there are portraits of family members (I. A. Hannibal, A. F. Pushkin, E. P. Hannibal, V. L. Pushkin and N. O. Pushkina. From the windows of the hall opens the panorama of the territory where the village was located.

Next, guests pass into the dining room . This room tells about Pushkin’s village life and his work during this period. During his exile he was visited by his lyceum friends, their portraits decorate the walls of the dining room. Also here you can see the personal belongings of Pushkin and Lanskys (dishes, objects for playing billiards, etc.).

The tour ends with the study of the great poet. There are memorial items in the room – a desk, chair, inkwell, pen stand and other furniture and interior items.

The house-museum of Alexander Pushkin in winter:

Other buildings

On the left side of the house-museum is the “Nanny’s House”. where Arina Rodionovna used to live. Like other buildings of the complex the house was destroyed during the Great Patriotic War and then rebuilt. Here is reconstructed the interior of those years, among the exhibits of particular interest is the box of Arina Rodionovna, as well as household items of the XIX century.

On the right side of the house of Alexander Pushkin is located “Kitchen”. The room is divided into two zones – the masters’ kitchen, where the cooking was done for the masters of the manor, and the rooms where the cook Neonila Onufrievna and her family lived. In the “Kitchen” there are exhibits, demonstrating the everyday life of XVIII – early XIX cc. These are mainly tableware and kitchen utensils.

There are also several restored outbuildings on the estate territory. These are “Governors House”, “Governors Office” and “Writers Colony”. The first two houses are used as offices, while the “Colony of Writers” is used as an exhibition hall.

Mikhailovsky Park

You can enter the park through the gate opposite the house-museum. The Mikhailovsky Park is an example of garden and park architecture of the late 18th and early 19th centuries. It has several memorial avenues. The spruce alley leading to the Chapel of Michael the Archangel was planted by O. A. Hannibal (the poet’s grandfather). To the right of this alley is a path to the “black Hannibal’s pond”. Another alley – a linden alley – is dedicated to A. P. Kern. Also in Mikhailovsky Park there are several mounds, they are attributed to the V-X centuries.

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Gates to St. Michael’s Park and the spruce alley:

Opening hours and ticket prices for the Mikhailovskoye Estate Museum in 2022

In summer, from May 1 to October 31, the complex is open daily from 10:00 to 18:00, the ticket office from 09:30 to 17:30. On Saturdays: May 1 to August 31 – 10 a.m. to 8 p.m., box office 9:30 to 7:30 p.m.; November 1 to April 30 – 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., box office 9:30 to 4:30 p.m.

Every last Tuesday of the month is sanitation day. Sanitation: November 11-25.

Mode of operation of the Science and Cultural Center (May 1 through October 31):

  • sightseeing department – daily from 08:00 to 18:00, on Saturdays from 08:00 to 19:00.
  • exhibition halls – daily from 09:00 to 17:00, Monday and Tuesday – days off.

Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoye

The cost of tickets to the Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoe

The cost of tickets depends on the season and day of week, so for example in the summer season (from May 1 to October 31) works the following price:

  • Entrance ticket (house-museum, wings): adults – 300 rubles; pensioners and schoolchildren from 14 years old – 250 rubles; children under 16 years old – free of charge.
  • Ticket with excursion (house-museum, outhouses): adults – 330 rubles on weekdays and 380 rubles on weekends and holidays; pensioners and schoolchildren from 16 years – 280 and 330 rubles; children under 16 years – 130 rubles.
  • Ticket with excursion (house-museum, outhouses + park): adults – 350 rubles on weekdays and 400 rubles on weekends and holidays; pensioners and schoolchildren from 16 years – 300 and 350 rubles; children under 16 years – 150 rubles.
  • Excursion ticket (Park): adults – 150 rubles; pensioners and schoolchildren from 16 years – 150 rubles; children under 16 years – 130 rubles.

From November to April the prices of tickets and excursions are 50-150 rubles cheaper.

Excursion service:

  • Groups of up to 10 people – weekdays 3500 rubles, weekends – 4000 rubles per group;
  • Excursion with translation into another language – an additional fee of 2000 rubles;
  • Excursion in a foreign language – extra charge 3000 rubles.

For more information about the days of free visits to the Museum-estate, additional excursion programs and rules of visiting the complex, see a special section of the Pushkin Reserve site.

Museum-Estate Mikhailovskoye

How to get there

Alexander Pushkin Museum-Reserve “Mikhailovskoye” is located in Pushkinskie Gory, Pskov region (Mikhailovskoye village). You can get here by bus or by car.

From Moscow and other cities you can get by train to Pskov, and then at the bus station change to a commuter bus. From St. Petersburg to the village there is a direct flight.

From the bus station Pushkinskiye Gory to the Scientific and Cultural Center of the reserve is only a 6-minute walk.

Walking route on Yandex. Maps:

Excursion buses and shuttle buses go from Pushkinskiye Gory to the reserve. The schedule and route can be found in the Scientific and Cultural Center. City bus 173 stops at the parking lot “Three pines”, from it you can walk on foot.

The distance from Pskov to the Pushkin Reserve is about 120 kilometers. If you go by car, it will take 1.5-2 hours to get there.

Car route on Yandex. Maps:

Parking and entrance to the territory of the museum is paid. The pass must be purchased in the Scientific and Cultural Center. The exact address: Pushkinskie Gory, 1 Geychenko Boulevard. The cost – 200 rubles/place. You can park for free at the parking lot “Three pines” (1.5 kilometers from the estate of Alexander Pushkin).

Trip by cab from Pskov is quite expensive (from 1500 rubles one way), but you can divide the cost for all participants. It’s cheaper to order a car from Pushkinskie Gory. To order, use the applications Yandex.Taxi, Uber, Maxim, etc.

For those who like comfort there is an option of individual or group transfer from KiwiTaxi.

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