Saint Kitts and Nevis is a state in the Eastern Caribbean

Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis

The Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis, also known as the Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis, is a state in the eastern Caribbean Sea, consisting of the two islands of St. Kitts and Nevis, part of the Lesser Antilles.

The area of the country is 261 sq. km.

The population is 50 thousand people (2010).

The capital of Buster is on the island of St. Kitts.

St. Kitts and Nevis is the smallest state in the western hemisphere, both in area and population.

It is a member of the British Commonwealth, led by the Queen of Great Britain.

Borders with other countries are maritime.

The total length of the coastline – 135 km.

History

St. Kitts and Nevis was settled by the Caribs.

The islands were discovered by Christopher Columbus in 1493. The Spanish did not colonize them.

An English settlement (first in the West Indies) was founded on St. Christopher (old name of St. Kitts) in 1623; a French one in 1624. From 1625, together with the island of Barbados, it was a British colony, which became a base for her conquest of the other islands of the region, for which she was called the “mother of the English colonies in the West Indies. On the northwest side of the island, on the heights, is the well-preserved fortress of Brimstone, called the “Gibraltar of the Caribbean.

In 1626, a joint Franco-English punitive force massacred the local Indian population, slaughtering up to 4,000 people in the river valley, nicknamed Bloody in this regard.

From the 17th century, Britain and France fought over ownership of the islands, until finally, by the Treaty of Versailles in 1783, they finally came under British rule.

From 1871, they were part of the English colony of the Naval Islands, and from 1958, of the West Indies Federation.

In 1967, St. Kitts, Nevis, and Anguilla received the status of the “Associated State with Great Britain” with internal self-government. Foreign policy and defense issues remained under British authority. In 1980, Anguilla withdrew from the federation of the three islands.

Since September 19, 1983 – an independent state “Federation of St. Kitts and Nevis”.

Climate

The tropical latitudes of St. Kitts determine its climate. The weather here is wonderful and virtually unchanging at any time of year. Nighttime temperatures never drop below eighteen degrees, and on summer days do not rise above thirty. These are the most comfortable conditions for recreation.

The dwarf state lies in the path of tropical hurricanes. They do not occur every year, and are most likely from August to October. The rest of the time, however, warm trade winds blow over St. Kitts and Nevis.

Rainfall is not seasonal, but based on altitude. In the mountains, annual rainfall ranges from 2,000 to 3,700 millimetres. In the coastal plains, the amount of rainfall is half as much. As such, there is no rainy season.

Nature

Both islands are of volcanic origin and the landscape is mountainous.

St. Kitts lies on the slopes of the massive Liamuig volcanic formation. To the southeast, it is joined by a flat peninsula with many salt lakes.

In the center of St. Kitts, the highlands are covered with dense rainforest. In the north, on the foothills, are plantations of sugar cane and other crops. The southern slopes are sharper and covered with orchards. Numerous rivers run from the slopes of the mountains, which moisten the central part of the island well.

The peninsula to the south is dry. Grasses and shrubs grow here. The shores are sandy and form many bays.

Through the Narrows Strait you can reach the neighboring island of Nevis. It is almost half the size of St. Kitts. Here, in the center of the island is a dormant volcano of the same name. Nevis is formed by volcanic rocks. Rainforests grow on the eastern slopes, while palm trees cover the western slopes to form coconut groves.

The forests are home to exotic birds, butterflies, various species of monkeys. Pelicans make their nests on the shores.

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Coral reefs enclose the picturesque shallow lagoons off the coast. Many fish live in the lagoons.

Citizenship

Many tourists, when they come to this paradise country, just fall in love with it. And you can stay on the paradise islands forever. When the global demand for cane sugar plummeted, the government of St. Kitts and Nevis launched the eloquently named Citizenship by Investment program. Anyone who makes a voluntary contribution to the country’s Sugar Fund gets a passport to the island nation without any problems. The amount of investment donations depends on the number of dependents in the applicant’s family and ranges from two hundred and fifty to four hundred and fifty thousand dollars. An additional amount (but no more than ten percent of the basic contribution) will be required to pay for various government fees and notarial acts.

What does citizenship of St. Kitts and Nevis entail? First, it is visa-free entry into one hundred and twenty states. Citizenship is inherited by children from their parents. You do not have to renounce the citizenship of your country of birth.

Attractions .

Over a long period of existence and development, the island state of St. Kitts and Nevis has accumulated many architectural, cultural and historical treasures. The cozy little towns look like open-air museums. Nowadays, even the sugar cane plantations are of genuine interest to tourists, as they are not found in everyday life. Attractions in St. Kitts and Nevis include Catholic churches, museum exhibits, hotels, and even beaches.

The city of Buster, which is located on St. Kitts has the following attractions: Immaculate Conception Cathedral, House of Crafts, Primate Research Center, Sugar Plantation, Independence Square, and Caribel Batik Factory. On Nevis, a must-see is Fort Ashby, the Philatelic Bureau, the Jewish cemetery, the Courthouse, Fig Tree Church and the Botanical Gardens. All of these attractions have their own twist and are not far from each other.

The history of St. Kitts and Nevis was such that the country was dependent on a lack of fertile land. That’s why forests were cut down at one time, and plantations were broken up. Interesting places St. Kitts and Nevis offers unique nature of the islands. Tourists can visit the Brimstone Hill Fortress National Park. It is located near the state capital. In addition to the beautiful nature, vacationers can see the ancient fort that protected the borders of the island. On Nevis, there is Pinney Beach, which resembles an advertising picture from a booklet about a paradise resort. Palm trees, sand, sea and endless sky delight the eye. On the island of St. Kitts, there is Mount Liamwig, which is a symbol of the country.

St. Kitts and Nevis

The anthem of St. Kitts and Nevis

St. Kitts and Nevis is a small state in the Caribbean Sea. The country is located on two islands: Nevis and St. Kitts. They belong to the Lesser Antilles.

Columbus named St. Kitts after St. Christopher, who is the patron saint of travelers. Years later, navigators shortened the name of the saint to “Keats” for convenience. But the island of Nevis got that name because of the snow-white mountain peaks, for its name literally translates to “our snowy senora.”

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Video: St. Kitts and Nevis

Climate & Weather

St. Kitts and Nevis has a tropical climate, shaped by trade winds. It is hot and humid. The average temperature is +26 ° C, can vary slightly.

There is no clearly distinguishable rainy season here – precipitation falls relatively evenly throughout the year.

The islands are located in an area that is often exposed to strong tropical storms, especially from August to October. Sometimes hurricanes cause very significant damage.

Nature

Both islands are of volcanic origin and the landscape is mountainous.

St. Kitts lies on the slopes of the massive Liamuig volcanic formation. To the southeast, it is joined by a flat peninsula with many salt lakes.

In the center of St. Kitts, the highlands are covered with dense rainforest. In the north, on the foothills, are plantations of sugar cane and other crops. The southern slopes are sharper and covered with orchards. Numerous rivers run from the slopes of the mountains, which moisten the central part of the island well.

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The peninsula to the south is dry. Grasses and shrubs grow here. The shores are sandy and form many bays.

Through the Narrows Strait you can reach the neighboring island of Nevis. It is almost half the size of St. Kitts. Here, in the center of the island is a dormant volcano of the same name. Nevis is formed by volcanic rocks. Rainforests grow on the eastern slopes, while palm trees cover the western slopes to form coconut groves.

The forests are home to exotic birds, butterflies, various species of monkeys. Pelicans make their nests on the shores.

Coral reefs enclose the picturesque shallow lagoons off the coast. Many fish live in the lagoons.

Attractions

Most of the historic buildings of Basseterre, the nation’s capital, were lost in a fire in 1867. However, some of the Victorian-style buildings, with wooden second floors and superb stucco, do survive.

Unique is Fort Street. It is a street with original architecture: here the old fortress walls during the construction of houses simply included in the construction.

The city has its own little secret: some of the buildings seem ancient, but they are not. They were built in the late 19th century. However, from the smoked stones that remained from the houses that were destroyed after the fire.

On the main square of the city is a statue of a virgin, which crowned the central fountain. This statue was given to the city by Queen Elizabeth II for the Independence Day of the Islands. Formerly a slave market, this square is now a reminder of the country’s colonial past.

A few kilometers west of Buster you’ll find yourself in the old seaside village of Old Road Town. She emerged on the site where the first colonizers landed in the XVII century. At one time it was even the capital of St Kitts and Nevis.

It is now a quiet and beautiful town, where the red-brick Government House and the marble tomb of Sir Warner, the founder of the town, have been preserved.

Many petroglyphs of the Carib Indians, the first inhabitants of St. Kitts, can be found on the rocks around the village.

There is a botanical garden with a saman tree that is over 350 years old! It is the oldest tree on the island.

On the island of Nevis, the city of Charlestown is famous. It is known as an open-air colonial architecture museum. There are many 17th and 19th century buildings well preserved in the city center.

In Charlestown, be sure to visit the Nevis Historical Museum. The building itself is built in the Georgian style on the site where the prominent Hamilton was born. The museum has a collection of Hamilton portraits in addition to an exhibit on the history of the island.

Cuisine

Chefs in local restaurants are constantly trying to add something new to the cuisine that has evolved on the islands over the years. Culinary experts here add Chinese, Creole, Continental, Indian, French and Mediterranean influences. The result is a peculiar cocktail of dishes, but with vivid shades of local cuisine.

Seafood in various variants of cooking is the traditional dish here. As for meat, they eat mutton, pork, poultry, and even turtle meat.

It is a must to try the local paella made of rice, peas, and pigeon meat. Here is also quite unusual baked suckling pig.

Rice or vegetables, often peas or potatoes, are most often used as a side dish.

For dessert, fruit pies are preferred.

For a dinner at a good restaurant you have to pay at least 25$. Although you can find one of the modest restaurants with sea food. Here you will pay for the food a little cheaper.

Accommodation

Local resorts are quite expensive. Prices for accommodation in a good hotel here start at $225 and if you want a full package in one of the luxury resorts on the islands, you will have to part with a few tens of thousands of dollars.

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High cost and accommodation and the old estates of the planters converted into hotels. For a night in a hotel to pay from several hundred to several thousand dollars.

Entertainment and Recreation

Around the islands in the sea are about 400 shipwrecks, which lure divers from around the world. In addition, the coastal waters are incredibly rich in exotic fish.

But it’s not just the ships, reefs and fish that are worth the divers’ attention. On the west coast of Nevis, there are underwater caves that seem to have been created by nature specifically for spelunking.

You can go horseback riding or golfing here. There are also tennis courts on the islands.

In St. Kitts, several festivals are held throughout the year. The biggest is Carnival, which takes place from December 24 to January 2. During Carnival, colorful costume parades, calypso music festival, and dance contests are sure to be arranged.

January also marks Hamilton’s birthday, with a line-up of exciting events on Nevis.

In June, there’s an equestrian competition. Also this month the Islands Music Festival attracts the best jazz and salsa performers from all over the Caribbean islands.

There are nightclubs, where supporters of active nightlife can have a great time.

Shopping

St. Kitts and Nevis tourists usually take all kinds of souvenirs of the sea. These include seashells, and crafts made of coral, and small handmade ships. Very popular souvenirs of pirate themes.

If you want to bring home a piece of the local atmosphere, it is best to buy things made by local craftsmen: exotic jewelry, brightly colored fabrics, wood and coconut products.

Chic gift from a trip would be batik. This hand-painted fabric. Sometimes they make pictures from batik which look very elegant!

Transportation

Transport here is not very developed. There is a railroad running along the coast, which serves the cotton and sugar cane plantations.

The total length of roads of the islands is just over 300 kilometers, though only a third of them are paved.

In the cities on the coasts there are ports. The largest ports are in Basseterre on St. Kitts and Charlestown on Nevis.

There are also airports. Golden Rock on St. Kitts and Newcastle on Nevis have flights. There are no airlines of their own.

Public transportation and car rentals are almost undeveloped.

Communications

The islands have mobile communications in three standards: GSM 850, GSM 900/1900 and TDMA. Four local operators provide a full range of mobile services.

Roaming is available for subscribers of the largest Russian operators. If your phone fits the TDMA standard, you can use your phone without a SIM card – using your credit card number. In the offices of local operators you can connect to their tariffs or rent the phones themselves.

Everywhere installed pay phones, a call on which you can pay with small local coins and cards that are sold in stores, hotels, pharmacies and at the post office.

From your hotel room you can make an international call, but it will cost you 10-15% more than from a pay phone. The quality of communications here is very good.

Internet cafes on the islands are numerous, they are in major hotels and on the main streets of cities. They are run by Connextions and Cable & Wireless.

Security

St. Kitts and Nevis can be described as a country with a very low crime rate. Although pickpockets and crooks of all kinds can be found here as well. To keep yourself safe, you just need to be vigilant. Most often victims of pickpockets become in ports, airports and other crowded places. So do not carry large sums of money and all documents. Also, the local police advises not to leave things in cars while they are in the parking lot.

It is not advisable to visit isolated areas of the islands alone and walk along the coast at night.

Before visiting St. Kitts and Nevis, it is best to get vaccinations against dengue fever, leptospirosis, and hepatitis A.

Drinking water in small communities is practically unchlorinated, unlike water in large cities, so it may not be suitable for drinking. It is better to prefer bottled water.

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Currents off the coast can be very strong, so you should swim very carefully.

Business

St. Kitts and Nevis is a country with a strong and stable economy. The business climate of the islands can be described as very favorable for investment.

It has a stable political system. The country stands out for low taxes and the openness of the economy, so it’s easy enough to start a business here.

When registering firms and companies the founders can choose between the usual tax of 35% or obtaining an offshore status, which exempts from paying taxes.

By investing in the economy of St. Kitts and Nevis you get a second citizenship in no time.

Real Estate

Despite the fact that life on St. Kitts and Nevis is quite expensive, real estate is cheaper than on the other islands of the Caribbean Sea.

One-bedroom apartments are sold here starting at $120,000. If you want a villa, a small house with two bedrooms and beautiful views out the windows will cost you from $ 230,000. Of course, there are luxury villas on the coast, but also the prices are much higher.

If you like agricultural work, then paying from 340,000 $, you can become the owner of an old villa with a large plantation. True, the villa at that price will probably need renovation.

Feature of St. Kitts and Nevis is that when foreigners buy property, they register a second citizenship within four months. And do it for all family members and even elderly relatives.

Tips for the tourist

The best time to visit St. Kitts and Nevis is from June to August. It’s also called the low season. It’s dry and cool, and prices are not as high as during peak winter.

Company and government offices are open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., with a one-hour lunch break at noon. Stores are open from 8 a.m. to 4 p.m. Only the large supermarkets close a little later, at 18:00.

Photography is allowed everywhere, but if you decide to take a picture of private property, it is better to ask the owner’s permission.

In payments for services and accommodation in hotels, locals give preference to U.S. dollars, the Eastern Caribbean dollar is reluctantly accepted here.

It is customary to tip restaurant employees 10 to 15%. Cab drivers and boat owners don’t have meters, so you should negotiate the rates in advance.

Visa Information

Russian citizens need a visa to enter St. Kitts and Nevis.

To do this, fill out the application form on the website of the government of St. Kitts and Nevis. If you are allowed to enter the country, you will receive a confirmation to your e-mail address, and then the visa can be printed directly from the site.

There is no embassy of the islands in Russia, their interests are represented by the British Embassy, which is located at 10, Smolenskaya Embankment. Phone number for contact: (495) 956-72-00.

At the border you will need to show your passport, a printed visa, proof of ability to pay (credit cards, traveler’s checks, cash), and a return or third country ticket.

Cruise passengers do not need a visa if their stay does not exceed 24 hours.

History

The native inhabitants of St. Kitts were Caribbean Indians. Christopher Columbus landed on the island in 1493 during his second voyage to the New World and named it “San Cristobal”, but Europeans did not settle there until the early 17th century. The first British settlement in the West Indies appeared on St. Kitts in 1623 and the French established a settlement on the island the following year. The local population was soon forced off the island.

Initially tobacco plantations were established on St. Kitts, but their owners later switched to the cultivation of high-yielding, high-quality sugar cane. During the 17th-18th centuries, Great Britain and France fought over the ownership of St. Kitts and Nevis. From 1625 they were a part of the English colony, but in 1664-1689 and in 1782-1783 they passed under the control of France. However, under the Treaty of Versailles in 1783 the French had to cede the islands to the British. From 1871 they were a part of the British colony of the Leeward Islands (in 1882 Anguilla or Anguilla was attached to them), and in 1958-1967 – the West Indies Federation. In 1967 St. Kitts, Nevis and Anguilla received the status of the “Associated State with Great Britain” with domestic self-government. Foreign policy and defense issues remained the responsibility of Great Britain. In 1980, Anguilla withdrew from the federation of the three islands. On September 19, 1983, St. Kitts and Nevis was proclaimed an independent state within the Commonwealth, led by Great Britain. Nevis was constitutionally entitled to secede from St. Kitts with the consent of more than two-thirds of the island’s population. However, in a referendum in 1998 only 62% of Nevisians voted for independence.

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The Labor Party was the leading party in the country until 1980, when a coalition of the People’s Action Movement and the Nevis Reform Party won the majority of seats in Parliament. They held power until July 1995, when the Labor Party won the elections again. Their government was committed to stopping the transit of drugs and the crime associated with it. It also envisaged the revival of the sugar industry, the development of tourism and the growth of manufacturing export industries. The Labor Party retained its influence after the parliamentary elections of 2000.

Economy

Traditionally, the main sectors of the economy were agriculture (focused mainly on sugar cane cultivation) and the servicing of foreign tourists. Due to decline in world sugar prices in recent years a greater role was played by tourism (the country is visited by about 250 thousand tourists a year), production of some export industrial goods and offshore banking. In the GDP structure, services dominate (over 70%), the share of industry is more than 20%, agriculture – about 6%.

Main agricultural crops on St.Kitts are sugar cane and cotton, on Nevis – cotton, coconut palm and sugar cane. Also coffee tree, bananas, pineapples, peanuts, yams, rice are cultivated. Animal breeding is also developed. Fishing is also among traditional trades. However agricultural production provides not more than half of domestic requirement for food.

Manufacturing industry is underdeveloped and is represented mainly by small enterprises for the production of raw sugar, copra, cotton and coconut oil, alcoholic beverages, textiles, shoes, medicines, electrical equipment, and in recent years – electronics.

Imports by value are almost four times higher than exports. The trade deficit is covered by income from tourism and remittances from citizens working abroad. Exports include sugar, molasses, cotton, cotton and coconut oil, beverages, tobacco, and fruit. Imports machinery, petroleum products, food, industrial products. Major foreign trade partners are the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Caribbean Community.

Policy

The Federation of St. Christopher and Nevis is a constitutional monarchy. The head of state is the queen of Great Britain, represented by the governor general. Legislative power is exercised by a unicameral parliament (National Assembly with a 5-year term) of 14 members (11 are popularly elected: 8 from St. Kitts and 3 from Nevis; 3 are appointed by the Governor General: 1 on the recommendation of the Leader of the Opposition, 2 on the recommendation of the Prime Minister). All citizens 18 years of age or older may vote. The executive branch is headed by the prime minister, a member of the People’s Assembly who has the support of the majority of Parliament and is appointed by the governor general. Cabinet members are appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister. The Government is responsible to Parliament.

Nevis has a legislative body, the Nevis Island Assembly. Five members are elected by popular vote and three are appointed. Nevis is constitutionally entitled to secession from St Kitts.

The main political parties are the Labor Party, the Concerned Citizens’ Movement (on Nevis), the Nevis Reform Party, the People’s Action Movement (on St. Kitts), and the United National Movement (on Nevis, which advocates secession from St. Kitts). In the March 2000 elections, the Labor Party won a majority of seats in Parliament and formed a government.

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