Salzburg in Austria, sights and history.

Salzburg. Day trip around the city. Part One

This report is essentially the concluding report on Salzburg. I have described the most tourist spots of the city in detail in my previous reports.

My stories about Salzburg:

We were in Salzburg for one day, leaving Vienna early in the morning and coming back late in the evening. We wanted to see a lot of things, the daylight hours in mid-November is short, so developing the route, we not only gave a reference to the area, but also to the time, so as not to miss the return train. I must say that somewhere we stayed a little longer than planned, so we got over the way back at a very good pace. But anyway, we saw Salzburg, realizing our plan and even taking a little of the unplanned. I want to share our route of one day with you – in case it will be useful for somebody…

How to get there.

From Vienna, from station Wbh, there is a regular train company “Westbahn”.

The train leaves at 40 minutes of every hour, and we chose 8.40. The journey was 2:30. We arrived in Salzburg at 11:10.

The train is new and warm. We had internet, it wasn’t very fast, but it was fast enough to send and receive letters. It was slower to send photos. In the tunnels, which were quite a lot on the way, the internet was lost, but I didn’t feel much discomfort.

Frankly speaking, on the way to Salzburg I actively eliminated the lack of sleep, and the road was very short for me.

The weather in Salzburg did not please us – the rain, which began in Vienna the night before, went with us, and how we were in no hurry, on the way did not lag behind … But after thinking, I decided that rainy Salzburg is much more pleasant than its absence and bravely stepped to meet the adventure!

“Salt City” – so the name of the city sounds in translation from German. Salzburg owes its birth and prosperous existence to salt, which had a very high price in medieval times. The city was built to control the flow of salt – in 700, Bishop Ruppert with the blessing of the Duke of Bavaria, founded two monasteries. These monasteries gave the beginning of the history of Salzburg.

So, our route…

1. Station.

The train from Vienna arrives at Central Station. Getting out on Sudtiroler Platz and turn left, moving towards the railway bridge. At the station there is a detailed map of Salzburg, which is very easy to navigate in the city.

Pass under the railway bridge and go straight on Reinerstrasse.

On the horizon appears Hohensalzburg Castle, which is visible in Salzburg from everywhere. But first we need to see what lies in the valley, on the banks of the Salzach River. The river flows through the city, originating in the Tyrolean Alps. I heard that once a year, the mayor of Salzburg goes down to the river to drink a glass of water from the Salzach under the supervision of the citizens. This way he confirms his work on preserving the unique ecology.

2. Church of St. Andrew.

The church is located on Mirabelplatz, opposite the Mirabel Palace and Garden. The church has had many reconstructions; after the fire it was torn down, but at the insistence of the townspeople it was rebuilt again. During the Second World War, the church suffered from bombing. After the reconstruction the original appearance of the church was lost and the graceful high spires disappeared forever…

3. Mirabel Palace and Gardens.

Austria’s most romantic history gave us the opportunity to admire the beauty of the Mirabel Gardens. I described the history of Mirabel and its beauties in detail in my review, which you can see https://www.tourister.ru/world/europe/austria/city/salzburg/castles/8926/responses/1123. Therefore, I will tell you briefly.

The Archbishop of Salzburg, according to church canons, could not love, have a family and children. But the heart is not subject to laws, and the stern archbishop fell in love with the redheaded Salome Alt. Loved her for real. He built a palace, gave it the name Alteno, in honor of Salome and began to live in this palace with the beloved woman, who bore him 15 children.

The Church does not forgive apostates. The archbishop ended his days in imprisonment, in the casemates of Hohensalzburg. The fate of Salome is unknown to history. The palace was renamed Mirabel so as to destroy any reminder of the disgrace. But true love will survive the ages! And the happiness of Salome and Wolf Reitenau is still nestled in the gardens of Mirabel, making the beautiful scenery unforgettable for anyone who stops by to visit…

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The garden has a Small and Large Parterre, fountains, sculptures, elegant flowerbeds, vases of flowers, and cozy paths.

Separately, there is the Dwarf Garden. Of the 28 figures originally installed in the garden, 15 have survived. All the dwarfs were sculpted from the dwarfs that really existed at the time, who lived in the palace, for the amusement of the lords. If you rub a dwarf and make a wish, it will surely come true…

One could not leave the garden quickly – even on a rainy November day it was unusually beautiful!

But let’s go further! Through the southern garden gate, decorated with sculptures of swordsmen, we went to Makartplatz.

4. The Makartplatz and Mozart’s house.

The Mozart family moved into this house in 1773. Mozart himself lived there until 1780. It was here that he wrote many serenades, symphonies, masses, concertos, arias and operas. Mozart’s father, Leopold, lived in the house until his death. In 1944 the house was almost completely destroyed by an American aircraft bomb; only the dance classroom, in which Mozart gave concerts, survived. A new museum was built around this classroom. In 1989 the International Mozart Foundation restored the house according to the preserved old plan, recreating the original interiors, collecting instruments and personal belongings of the musician and the Mozart family.

From here we pass by the Landestheater, the Sacher Hotel, and the footbridge over the Salzach.

5. Makartsteg footbridge.

The bridge has an interesting design – it is made in the form of a wing of lightweight materials and creates a feeling of soaring and airiness. All this beauty is supposed to withstand the flow of the river in the most full-flowing years. We saw the river as quiet and sleepy, but it is said to have a very steep temperament, and sometimes it rises so high that the center pylon of the bridge goes underwater!

This bridge is the third to be built on this site. It is named after Hans Makart, the Salzburg artist.

The bridge is a gorgeous place for photos. The views of the right bank, the Hohensalzburg, the Old Town can be seen from it.

And the bridge itself, hung with red locks of lovers, is also beautiful! I don’t know about you, but I love the tradition of decorating bridges with locks and drowning keys. There is a romanticism and naive belief that it will help save feelings, and bridges become from the attached locks only more beautiful! And who cares what really helps keep the union together, the main thing is to believe that the locks help and then everything will work out!

After crossing the river and looking at the bridge again, we move on.

We get off at Grigasse and move to the famous Getreidegasse, “the street with the signs”.

6. Church of St. Vlasius.

The oldest Gothic church in Austria. It was built in the 14th century by the hospital, which took care of the sick and the suffering. Vlasius himself was considered a healer. The church is very old, it still has some old stained glass windows, and its walls are covered with ivy and it must be very beautiful in the summer. We got the faded beauty of autumn nature…

7. Getreidegasse street.

In translation the name sounds like “Grain Lane”. The street is known to all tourists who came to Salzburg, thanks to its signage. On both sides of the street along the entire street are the houses of the old construction, in which the size of the windows decreased depending on the height of the floor and the top floors had the smallest windows. The signs made the street famous all over the world. And what was once a necessity has now become a landmark of the city. All establishments of Getreidegaase are obliged to hang signs, the same style and design, and repeating the very old style in which the very first of them were made. The legend that some signs are made of gold is still alive, but whether it is true or fiction – I do not know…

I wrote a rather detailed report about the street https://www.tourister.ru/responses/id_10839, so I won’t repeat it again.

8. The house where Mozart was born.

House number 9. Decorated with flags, a plaque, crowds of tourists – it’s hard to walk past. Mozart lived in the house for 17 years and made it famous forever, as his native Salzburg. The house stands on a small square – Hagenaue Platz.

After walking through the street Getreidegasse, leaving the museum of Mozart for the way back, because in the castle should be in the daytime, and the museum can be seen when it gets dark, we went to the Altermarkt – the Old Market Square.

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9. Salzburg’s smallest house.

The façade of this house is only one and a half meters wide. The address of the house is Altermarkt square, 10a. The house was built in the 15th century. And preceded the construction of the house is such a story…

A young man fell in love with a girl. But the boy was poor, and the girl was much more in love with comfort. And then she made a condition: she would marry the young man if he could build them a house of their own! Poverty and love mobilized the young man’s ingenuity and resourcefulness – he builds the house, squeezing it into the partition between the others. The condition was met, the bride surrendered. The legend is silent on how the couple lived. Though I think such a deed would have melted the heart of any proud woman! I also heard a version that the bride’s father put forward the conditions of building the house, but which version is more plausible – I do not know…

There is an old chemist’s shop near the house which has opened in the 17th century and looked more like an alchemist’s laboratory. The pharmacy is still open today, and modern pills are sold in the old interiors.

On the same square is also another tourist spot, Furst.

10. Café-confectionery “Furst.

Handmade Mozart candies, in the famous silver-blue wrappers, live on at Fürst! You should come in! You have to try them. And you have to buy them as a gift. They differ from the rest in the fact that each candy has a hole from the stick, on which they are strung before being dipped into the chocolate. The variety of candy sets is great – you can buy from one candy to a solid box.

In the cafe you can drink coffee, taste Austrian pastries, relax and move on. We had no time for long pauses…

Here, by the wall of the old Archbishop’s Residence, on the Altermarkt, stands a barometer.

11. barometer.

In 1888 the meteorological department of Salzburg installed a weather pole. It is a barometer, thermometer, hygrometer and hygrograph at the same time. The pole is up to two meters high. In the 19th century, the barometer was the first of its kind. Over the years the instruments have never been repaired! And the most amazing thing is that even today the device works precisely, which has been documented! We looked at the forecast for the day of our visit to Salzburg – the device didn’t promise a pleasant change in the weather…

The Altermarkt flows into the Residenziaplatz, and from it the side streets are decorated with garlands and mistletoe for the coming Christmas. Being under the mistletoe and not getting a kiss was an unforgivable oversight that we could not allow. I love this custom!

Salzburg

Salzburg (Austria) – the most detailed information about the city with photos and videos. The best sights of Salzburg with descriptions, guides and maps.

City of Salzburg (Austria)

Salzburg is a city in Austria, located in the western part of the country, near the border with Germany. It is the birthplace of the great Mozart and one of the most famous cultural centers of Europe, attracting millions of tourists who want to plunge into the magical atmosphere of baroque, music and art. Salzburg is a unique city, combining beautiful landscapes, beautiful historic architecture, art and culture, as well as tradition and modernity.

First of all Salzburg is famous for the fact that the famous composer Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart was born here. In addition, the city is famous for its cultural events and festivals. Lovers of architecture and history Salzburg amazes by the ancient streets of the historic center and the masterpieces of Baroque, which are included in the list of World Cultural Heritage UNESCO. Separately worth mentioning the stunning nature. Salzburg is nestled on the banks of the Salzach River. Here the mountain landscapes collide with the plains, and the northern foothills of the Alps are so close you can sometimes feel your hand on them.

Salzburg panorama

Salzburg panorama

Best time to visit

Salzburg is beautiful at any time of year and season. From April to October it’s warm enough. You can either walk around the city or go on a trip to the surrounding area. In winter in Salzburg is very beautiful and in spite of the chill, relatively comfortable.

The high season in Salzburg is the summer and Christmas holiday period. To enjoy the city and save a little money, it is better to plan a trip for March-April or October-November.

Winter in Salzburg

Winter in Salzburg

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How to get there?

Salzburg has an international airport which is located 5.5 km from the city center. Buses 2, 8, and 27 take you to the historic center in less than 20 minutes. You can also fly to Vienna Airport first and take the comfortable train to Salzburg.

Trains are one of the most popular means of transportation in Austria. There are many routes to Salzburg from Budapest, Linz, Innsbruck, Munich, Vienna, and Zurich.

Popular rail routes to Salzburg:

  • Budapest-Salzburg : daily, departure every two hours, travel time – 5 h 12 min – Salzburg : daily, departure every two hours, travel time -1 h 28 min
  • Stuttgart-Salzburg : daily departure every 2 hours, travel time – 4h01
  • Departure from Frankfurt-Zalzburg: daily, travel time – 5 h and 39 min.
  • Zurich-Salzburg : daily, every two hours, travel time – 5 h 23 min – Salzburg : 3 times a day, travel time – 4 h 25 min (change in Villach) – Salzburg : 2 times a day, travel time – 6 h 53 min (change in Villach) – Salzburg : 3 times a day (change in Villach), travel time – 6 h 28 min.

You can find timetables and buy tickets here – https://tickets.oebb.at/en/ticket

Buses are a good way to get from Munich and some other cities in Germany. In Austria the bus service is not very popular. And even from Vienna there are not many bus services to Salzburg.

A tourist map of Salzburg

Shopping and shopping

Salzburg’s most famous shopping streets, Getreidegasse and Linzer Gasse, offer excellent shopping. You’ll find Louis Vuitton, Prada, and Hermès as well as various boutiques, jewelry stores, and more. For shopping and souvenir lovers, there are more than 900 stores selling rarities, local delicacies and much more.

  • Höllrigl – Austria’s oldest bookstore
  • Josef Holzermayr Desserts on the Old Market
  • Kirchtag – leather goods
  • Universitätsplatz – fruit and vegetables.
  • Kajetanerplatz – farmers’ market (every Friday)
  • Seasonal Christmas market on Cathedral Square (Domplatz)

Salzburg Nature

Salzburg Nature

  • EUROPARK – more than 140 stores and restaurants, 1,000 international brands Scotch & Soda, Zara Home, Bershka, Hollister, Superdry, Tommy Hilfiger, Swarovski, Liebeskind Berlin.
  • Shopping Arena, Alpenstraße – 70 stores, 5 min by bus from city center
  • Designer Outlet Salzburg – discounts from 30 to 70%. Located between airport and city center.

History

The first settlements on the site of today’s Salzburg existed since the Neolithic. Later it was settled by the Celts, who were conquered by the Romans in the 1st century BC. The city was named Juvanum. In the 5th century AD the city was conquered by the Ruguian tribe.

In the 7th century, the Duke of Bavaria granted the land to Bishop Rupert, who founded several monasteries that later became the center of the medieval city. In the 8th century Salzburg became the bishop’s residence and got its modern name associated with the main trade – the extraction of salt deposits.

In the 11th century the history of the visiting card of the city – the fortress Hohensalzburg.

In the 13th century, Salzburg became part of the Holy Roman Empire as a principality. Later the city becomes an independent bishop state. Final independence from Bavaria was achieved in the 14th century. It is interesting that at the time of its greatest prosperity the bishop’s power extended far beyond the borders of modern Salzburg and its surroundings. Archbishops ruled these lands until the early 19th century.

Salzburg is the true capital of European Baroque

Salzburg is the true capital of European Baroque

The greatest prosperity of Salzburg came in the 16-17 centuries. It was at this time the city acquired the status of the Baroque capital of Europe. The archbishops, inspired by the architecture of Rome, invited Italian masters who rebuilt the historic center in Baroque style.

In the 15th century the first brewery was built in Salzburg. The main income remained the extraction of salt.

The power of the bishops ceased during the Napoleonic wars. In 1810 the former Duchy became part of Bavaria, and 6 years later – Austria, of which it is still part.

World War II, despite the bombing of the city, virtually no damage to the main attractions of Salzburg.

Salzburg at night

Salzburg at night

UNESCO World Heritage Site

The city of Salzburg is often called the “Northern Rome”. And it is quite deservedly so. The city on the Salzach River is one of the capitals of European art and culture, and the close ties with Italy are underlined by the architecture. The old town of Salzburg is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Beautiful Baroque cathedrals, well-preserved medieval burgher houses and spacious squares fascinate even the most discerning tourist.

Mozart’s city

Salzburg is Mozart’s town, where he was not only born and raised, but where he truly became part of the town’s culture. A square, chocolates, rubber bath ducks and ice cream are named after the great composer. In the house on Götreidegasse, where the future genius of music was born, there is now a museum. There you can immerse yourself in the atmosphere of the 18th century and explore the exhibits related to the life and work of the great composer.

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Mozart Monument

Mozart Monument

To take a trip to Mozart’s sites in Salzburg, start your itinerary at Mozartplatz. This is where Constanze, the composer’s widow, lived in house number 8. Visit the house museum where little Amadeus was born. Then you can go to the cemetery of St. Peter, where his sister Nannerl is buried. In St. Sebastian’s cemetery his father and wife found their last resting place.

Salzburg Summer Festival

The Salzburg Summer Festival is one of the most famous cultural events in the city. For a few weeks it transforms Salzburg into a world capital of music culture. Over 200 events are scheduled for the Salzburg Summer Festival: opera, theatre performances and concerts. For the schedule and program, see the official website – http://www.salzburgerfestspiele.at/

Christmas holidays in Salzburg

Salzburg is a city with a wonderful Christmas atmosphere. The city sparkles with lights and decorations, and the aromas of hot mulled wine, spices and muffins waft from the streets of the Old Town. Christmas vacations in Salzburg are magical memories. Therefore, this is the highest tourist season. Important – plan such a trip about six months in advance.

The Christmas market on Cathedral Square and Residenzplatz are definitely worth a visit. Cozy Christmas markets in the fortress Hohensalzburg and near the park Mirabel. All in all, you will experience the spirit of Christmas in Salzburg to the fullest.

Salzburg at Christmas

Salzburg at Christmas

Cuisine, food & drink

Salzburg invites you to enjoy the food and have a good time at authentic pubs, cozy cafes, expensive restaurants, and fun bars. There’s everything here for gastronomic tourism. And whether you are a gourmand, a gourmand, an unpretentious eater or a fashionable party animal, no one will go hungry in Salzburg.

The main and most famous Salzburg dessert is Mozartkugel – green pistachio marzipan with a thin layer of nougat covered in a delicious chocolate glaze. Another iconic dessert is the Salzburg Knockerli, a traditional Burger delicacy that is three soufflés baked in the oven until crusty and sprinkled with powdered sugar.

The main non-alcoholic drink is coffee. If you want to feel the atmosphere of an old Austrian coffee house, welcome to “Tomaselli” on Alten Markt (Market Square). Café Bazar, Sacher on the Salzach Embankment, Schatz Confectionery between Getreidegasse and the Green Market, and Wernbacher on Franz Joseph Street also boast a cozy atmosphere and old traditions.

The most popular alcoholic drink is beer. And it is no worse here than in the neighboring Czech Republic and Germany. Beer has been brewed in Salzburg since the late 15th century. Currently, there are 10 breweries in the city. The oldest among them is Stiegl, which exists since 1492. The largest beer restaurant in Austria is located just in Salzburg – Augustinerbräu. I can honestly say that the local beer in almost all taverns – excellent.

Salzburg tavern map

Salzburg map of restaurants / cafes with traditional and Austrian cuisine

Salzburg sights

Salzburg is not only the city where Mozart was born and raised, it’s also a center of cultural events and festivals. It is a place with a high concentration of interesting and famous sights: the fortress Hohensalzburg, the Mozart Museum, the Getreidegasse and the Helbrunn Palace. Also one big attraction is the historic center of Salzburg. It is a true baroque pearl of Europe. The old town (churches, houses, gardens and fountains) was rebuilt at the request of the princes and bishops during the 17th and 18th centuries.

View of Hohensalzburg

View of the Hohensalzburg

Hohensalzburg is the landmark of Salzburg and one of its main attractions. Emerged in the 11th century, the ancient fortress has been watching over the city for centuries from the top of the Mönchsberg. It is worth noting that Hohensalzburg is the largest surviving medieval fortress in Central Europe.

The beginning of the construction of the fortress Hohensalzburg dates back to 1077 and is associated with the prince bishop Gebhart. Over the centuries, the fortress was constantly rebuilt and expanded, until in the early 16th century, Leonhard von Keutschach gave it its present appearance. The fortress was created for defensive functions. Interestingly, during its long history, it was never taken.

Hohensalzburg is open to visitors all year round.

  • From January to April and October to December from 9:30 to 17:00
  • May through September from 9:00 a.m. to 7:00 p.m.
  • Christmas and Easter from 9:30 to 18:00
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Hohensalzburg

Hohensalzburg

In the castle, besides wonderful panoramas of the city you can look at well-preserved medieval chambers, a museum with historical exhibits from the life of the Archbishops, weapons and uniforms of the city regiment. We recommend you take the funicular from Festungsgasse to the castle.

Buy tickets to Hohensalzburg Fortress online and find out the price – http://www.salzburg-burgen.at/de/hohensalzburg/tickets.htm

Mirabel palace and park complex

Mirabel Palace and Park Complex

On the right bank of the Salzach River is one of the most romantic spots in the city, the Mirabel Palace and Park Complex. Built in the early 17th century by Wolf Dietrich as a gift to his beloved, it offers a beautiful baroque palace and park. This place is a real dream for those who want to have an unforgettable wedding. The Parade Hall of the Archbishops is considered one of the most beautiful wedding halls in the world. Mirabel Park is a beautiful Baroque park in the heart of Salzburg, founded at the end of the 17th century. From here you have stunning views of the old city and the Mönchsberg.

Mirabel Palace Gardens

Mirabel Palace and Park Complex

In the park are located:

In the heart of the Old Town is the charming old Götreidegasse. In addition to the house where Mozart was born, there are trendy stores, cozy cafes and restaurants. On this street you can not only enjoy the atmosphere of the old Salzburg, but also relax in cozy cafes or go shopping.

Helbrunn Palace and Park

Helbrunn Palace and Park Complex

Another beautiful and romantic place is the Helbrunn Palace with its fountains. It is located on the southern outskirts of Salzburg on the mountain of the same name. The palace and park were designed as a summer residence for the archbishops and were built in 1615. The large palace park is a synthesis of natural and landscape gardening. It is a great place for walks and sports.

Historic streets and squares

  • Alter Markt is one of the oldest squares in Salzburg. The old market square is surrounded by old medieval houses of wealthy burghers. In the center is located Florian fountain. Interestingly, it performs its functions to this day.
  • Domplatz & Marienstatue – the most beautiful square of the old city, made in the Baroque style.
  • Getreidegasse
  • Linzergasse – Ancient street on the right bank of the river Salzach with beautiful architecture.
  • Mozartplatz is a square named after the great composer. In the center of the square rises a monument to Mozart.
  • Residenzplatz – historic square in the heart of Old Salzburg. The main attractions are the residence of the archbishops and the beautiful fountain, which is considered one of the most important Baroque monuments in modern Europe.

Churches of Salzburg

Salzburg Cathedral is the city’s main church. A masterpiece of sacred architecture with a mighty dome and two towers that dominate the face of Salzburg.

Salzburg Cathedral

Salzburg Cathedral

Salzburg Cathedral is an imposing example of monumental early Baroque architecture. The present cathedral was built in the 17th century. Although its history began as early as the 8th century. The cathedral museum features rarities related to the 1,300-year history of this religious edifice. Admission to the Cathedral is free. Opening hours are from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. (until 7 p.m. in summer).

University Church

University Church

The University Church is a beautiful baroque temple built in the first half of the 18th century.

The Capuchin monastery towers over the city on top of the Capuchinerberg. At first a fortified structure was formed here until at the end of the 16th century, Archbishop Wolf Dietrich called the Capuchin monks. The monastery is built on a mountaintop in a simple and modest architectural style. Nevertheless, the Capuchin monastery, with its protruding bastion overlooking the city and the forest in the background, is one of Salzburg’s hallmarks.

Nonnberg Monastery

Nonnberg Monastery

The Monastery of Nonnberg is one of the oldest monasteries in Salzburg and played an important role in the formation of the city. It was built in Gothic style on Romanesque foundations. It has preserved magnificent frescoes from the 10th and 11th centuries, which are among the most significant Romanesque paintings on Austrian soil.

Franciscan Church

Church of St. Francis

The Franciscan Church is one of the oldest churches in the city, perhaps even older than Salzburg Cathedral. This slender Gothic church, in which you can find traces from Romanesque architecture to modern details.

The Church of St. Sebastian is a small Baroque church. The church was originally built in the Late Gothic style in the early 16th century. It was rebuilt in Baroque style in the 18th and 19th centuries.

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