San Salvador Island – Columbus’s “Holy Savior”

The island of San Salvador is Columbus’ savior. The Bahamas

This island was discovered during the Age of Great Geographic Discoveries in the late 15th century. And it was discovered by one of the most famous explorers of all time – Christopher Columbus. This momentous event took place on October 12, 1492. On this day, exhausted from many days voyage, the team saw the land for the first time.

Recall that Columbus’s journey began from Spain on August 3, 1492. The goal was to find a sea route to India. Well, that’s just in case you skipped that history lesson in school.

Imagine the happiness of the sailors when, 71 days later, an island appeared on the horizon. A name was found quickly. Columbus christened it San Salvador, which means “Holy Savior” in Spanish. In our opinion, very relevant name.

San Salvador island on the map

  • Geographical coordinates: 24.060499, -74.485335
  • Distance from Nassau, the capital of the Bahamas, is about 310 kilometers.
  • The northwestern part of the island has its own airport, San Salvador
  • The island’s main town, Cockburn Town (originally Cockburn Town) is also located there, in the northwestern part of the island

Actually, long before Columbus arrived, there were people here who called their island Guanahani (there are Columbus’ own writings about it). But the Europeans began to call it San Salvador.

In fact, there is a whole story with the names of the island – there were three of them. The natives called it Guanahani, Columbus began to call it San Salvador, but in the 17th century it was known as “Watling’s Island” – after the pirate who made the island his base. Under that name, the island existed until 1925. But, since the place fits very well with the land described by Columbus, it was decided to take the name from another island, which is now called Cat. All in all, a confusing story. It is still reliably unknown which of the islands was the first to be discovered by Columbus. By the way, Cat Island and several other islands are still fighting for the right to be called San Salvador. This problem is exacerbated by the fact that the Bahamas are insanely beautiful and very similar to each other, so the descriptions of Columbus can safely be applied to any of them.

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San Salvador - Saint Savior

Now officially the island of San Salvador is considered Guanahani. It is still inhabited by descendants of those natives who met Columbus. The population of the island is about 1,000 people. The vast majority of them work in tourism. And this becomes perfectly understandable if you take into account the fact that the island is one solid beach. The area of the island is about 163 km 2 and is covered with a lot of fairly large lakes (sometimes it’s called the Land of Lakes), and the whole coastal strip is a tropical beach and azure ocean.

San Salvador. Bahamas

The most important feature of the island – untouched nature. It is preserved here almost exactly as it was first seen by Columbus.

The influence of man is certainly evident, but it blends in with the surrounding natural landscape. There is an 80-kilometer-long road through the island, where you can take a moped ride and immerse yourself in the island’s pristine nature. Coastal waters will please fans of scuba diving. Excellent underwater views, clear water and a lot of positive experiences are guaranteed. But far into the open ocean is not recommended, as there is a risk of meeting with sharks.

San Salvador Island

San Salvador Island sights

  • Dixon Hill Lighthouse is 50 meters high. From it you can easily see the surroundings.
  • East Beach is 10 kilometers long. This beach is famous for its pinkish color, which is due to the high content of finely crushed coral
  • Excellent snorkeling spots can be found a few miles from Cockburn Town
  • Not far from the island a freighter sank over a hundred years ago. Now sea bass and moray eels live inside, and tourists dive to see both
  • New World and San Salvador Museum

In addition to classic and upscale beach activities and diving, there are some unusual activities for tourists. Here are some of them.

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Mailboat rides. Usually locals carry cargo, but sometimes they take tourists as well. You can even stay in a first class cabin.

For the most reckless desperate travelers are offered a scary attraction – feeding sharks. You can just go fishing. But it is worth remembering that underwater hunting is prohibited on the island.

The charm of the island invariably attracts many tourists from all over the world.

San Salvador (island)

San Salvador (Island) (Bahamas)

San Salvador Island , also known as Watling Island , is an island and region of the Bahamas. Until 1986, when the National Geographic Society suggested the island of Samana Key, it was believed that during his first expedition to the New World, San Salvador Island was the first land Christopher Columbus saw and visited on October 12, 1492. Columbus’s documents state that the inhabitants of the territory he landed on called the island, Guanahani (Guanahani).

Contents

History

The English took possession of the archipelago, now called the Bahamas, in the early 17th century. For some time, San Salvador served as the base of the pirate John Watling (sometimes called George Watling), who gave the island its name, by which it was officially known until 1925. The name “San Salvador” was then taken from another island, now called Cat Island, and given to Watling’s island because of the opinion at the time that it best matched the description given by Columbus to the island of Guanahani.

Population

San Salvador Island has a population of about a thousand, and the principal population center is Cockburn Town, the administrative center and seat of the State Teachers College.

Administrative division

San Salvador is one of the 32 boroughs of The Bahamas. It is marked on the map with the number 26. The administrative center of the district is Cockburn Town. The area of the district is 163 sq. km. The population is 930 people (2010).

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Economy

Today, thanks to the many sandy beaches the main and flourishing industry of the island is tourism. Gerace Research Center (former Bahamian Field Station) is located at the northern tip of the island, on the banks of Graham’s Harbour. Hundreds of students and scientists use the station each year as a base to study tropical marine geology, biology and archaeology.

Links

El Salvador – North Abaco – North Andros – North Eluthera – Spanish Wells – Freeport – Harbor Island – Hope Town – Central Abaco – Central Andros – Central Eluthera – Exuma – South Abaco – South Andros – South Eluthera

  • Islands by alphabetical order
  • Bahamas
  • Bahamas regions
  • Islands of the Bahamas

Wikimedia Foundation . 2010 .

Useful

See what “San Salvador (island)” is in other dictionaries:

San Salvador (Bahamas Island) – Coordinates: 24°02′10″ N. 74°29′20″ W. / 24.036111° N. … Wikipedia

San Salvador, Island – (or Gwanagapi) one of the Bahamas or Lucoy Islands, the first point of America discovered by Columbus (see) … Encyclopedic Dictionary of F.A. Brockhaus and J.A. Efron

San Salvador (meaning) – San Salvador is the capital of El Salvador. San Salvador a department in El Salvador. San Salvador (island) the first of the American islands discovered by J. Columbus. San Salvador Old name for the island of Santiago (Galapagos Islands) … Wikipedia

San Salvador – 1) island in the Bahamas archipelago, Atlantic Ocean; state of the Bahamas. This island was the first land Christopher Columbus discovered in the New World on October 12, 1492.Named in the name of Jesus Christ San Salvador Saint Savior . This … … Geographic Encyclopedia

San Salvador Island – Coordinates: 24°02′10″ N. 74°29′20″ W. / 24.036111° N. … Wikipedia

San Salvador – 1) an island in the Bahamas archipelago, Atlantic Ocean; state of the Bahamas. This island was the first land Christopher Columbus discovered in the New World on October 12, 1492.Named in the name of Jesus Christ San Salvador Saint Savior . This … … Toponymic Dictionary

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San Salvador (Galapagos Islands) – Panorama of San Salvador from the sea San Salvador (Spanish: San Salvador or Santiago, English: James Island … Wikipedia

San Giorgio Maggiore (island) – San Giorgio Maggiore Island among the other islands of the Venice Lagoon … Wikipedia

El Salvador – There are other meanings for this term, see El Salvador (meaning). República de El Salvador República de El Salvador … Wikipedia

San Lazzaro delhi Armeni – Coordinates: 45°24′44.06″ N. 12°21′40.92″ E. / 45.412239° N. 12.361367°E. …Wikipedia

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