Because of the unique climate on the island back in the first half of the XX century there were dinosaurs and other creatures that were thought to be extinct 65 million years ago. For a long time about the island there were only rumors and legends among sailors. In 1933, the first expedition arrived on the island from the West, led by Carl Denham. Since 1934, the island was visited by several more expeditions, most of the participants were victims of wild animals. These expeditions formed a theory as to why dinosaurs managed to survive. It was all about the constant earthquakes, which caused significant cracks throughout the island. These cracks acted as a heat vent that kept the island in a tropical climate at a time when the rest of the world was freezing. Excavations on the island have shown that about 3000 years ago there was a highly developed human civilization (of the level of Ancient Egypt). The reason for the death of this civilization may have been that constant earthquakes gradually submerged the island, reducing its living space. In the struggle for this space people and could have been destroyed by dinosaurs. At the same time, during expeditions in the 1930s, a small group of people was found on the island, who presumably had nothing to do with the vanished civilization, but were immigrants from other islands. These people lived on the rocks, which were separated from the jungle by a huge wall built by an ancient civilization. The island was also home to a species of huge gorillas, the “megaprimatus congus. A representative of this species was captured by Carl Denham’s expedition and transported to the United States (the gorilla’s remains are in the basement of the American Museum of Natural History). By the time of the following visit of Carl Denham’s expedition (in 1935) the ape species had already become extinct on the island, to which human weapons also had a hand. During World War II, all expeditions to the island were frozen, and in 1948, when the first post-war expedition was on its way, a massive earthquake (9.2 points) occurred in the area of the island, which caused the island to sink forever.
Skull Island is a geological and historical anomaly. Supposedly it is located near the island of Borneo, with coordinates of 2 degrees south latitude and 90 degrees east longitude. The island is unique in that it is inhabited by prehistoric creatures and giant gorillas. The main geological anomaly of the island is that first: the island has a volcanic base and steam rises from the huge cracks, which served as the survival of the dinosaurs. Second: because of the uneven surface, the land takes amazing shapes. This is how the skull rock, which gave the island its name, was formed.
In the 1933 film.
The island (its name was never mentioned in the movie) was at the above coordinates with a skull rock in the middle. A tribe of natives lives on a small peninsula surrounded by a cyclopean wall. Behind the wall is a green jungle teeming with prehistoric life. In addition to the giant gorilla, the film expedition encounters the following lizards: Stegosaurus, Brontosaurus, Tyrannosaurus, Plesiosaurus, and Pterodactyl. King Kong lived in a skull rock, next to a waterfall valley. In the deep crevices lived creepy scavenger creatures: giant spiders, crabs, giant-sized lizards, and an octopus-like creature.
In the 2005 film.
In the 2005 remake of King Kong, the name of the island is mentioned, and more than once. Unlike the 1933 movie, the island’s fauna in the remake is even more inhospitable and dangerous: the wild natives furiously attack the travelers from New York, so cruel the savages, apparently made by the surrounding nature. The island is inhabited by dinosaurs, but not the ones found by paleontologists and whose fossils are present in museums: no, the local dinosaurs are descendants of those who lived on Earth 65 million years ago, and they are very different from them. In addition to dinosaurs, the island is inhabited by equally creepy fantastical creatures: giant solpugas, cockroaches, carnictis, and huge millipedes.
Cleft Island in Australia
Australia beckons with its exotic nature and numerous curiosities. Traveling on its water expanses, you can admire the many interesting places inaccessible from the land. Among them is the uninhabited island Kleft, also known as Skull Rock.
Granite “skull of a giant.
The small granite-block island is in Wilson’s Promontory National Park, the oldest nature reserve in southeastern Australia. The southernmost point of Cape Wilson, one of the most popular destinations for outdoor recreation in unspoilt country, is a good starting point for anyone wanting to explore Australia’s “Kleft Island” from their boat.
About 5 kilometers from the cape, in the waters of Bass Strait, there is Cleft Island. At a certain angle, the outline of this granite block resembles the skull of a giant, which explains the origin of the second name of the island, by which it is better known.
Cleft is considered one of the most spectacular sights in Wilson’s Promontory and, with the Twelve Apostles, is one of the most bizarre rock formations in Australia’s waterways.
The mysterious Kleft Caves
Of greatest interest is the western edge of Cleft Island, where there are two vast caves. Much of the lower cave goes underwater, while its top is the bottom of the vast and accessible upper cave.
Both caves are of natural origin. Most likely, they were “carved” in the granite rocks of the island by the sea waves many centuries ago, when the water level of the ocean was much higher.
The scope of wave’s “creation” is impressive: the cave reaches 130 m in width, and its height is about 60 m (and goes under the water for the same amount of meters). The bottom of the upper cave of Kleft Island is covered with moss and various herbs, so that on a clear day it is difficult not to notice this natural emerald in a granite frame.
Cannonballs in the abode of gray cormorants
The vast hollow in the rocks of the island with the looming green of moss and grass was perfectly visible from the ships passing through the local waters, and therefore for a long time served as a natural training ground for honing the skills of cannon shooting and perfect technique of hitting the target accurately.
Hundreds of cannon balls were fired at the granite island, and only the arrival of high-explosive shells allowed to save this natural attraction in Australia. But the walls of the cave bear traces of those years in the form of numerous marks from the well-aimed cannonballs that reached their targets.
A landing on Skull Island, surrounded by high cliffs, is virtually impossible. Tourist boats do not risk approaching because of the real threat of easily crashing into the rocky base of the island. But those desperate daredevils who came closest to Skull rock told about the cannonballs found in the cave. So, the best way to travel to Australia’s Cleft Island is to admire the caves from a boat at a safe distance from the cliffs.
Because of the complete absence of people and untouched natural habitat, the rocky Skull Island has been favored for life by great gray cormorants, which are happy to settle here and have offspring. So, for those who want to admire the real bird markets Cleft Island may also be of particular interest.
This small corner of the wilderness, which has preserved its natural charm, is worth seeing. Sailing along Australia’s coastline offers spectacular harbours, beaches and secluded wilderness, and Cleft Island is one of the places you’ll want to explore while sailing the Kangaroo Nation waters.