Tate Gallery in London.
Tate Modern Gallery and Tate Britain are two different museums, one contemporary art the other British art since 1500.
Tate Modern and Tate Britain.
The Tate Gallery in London is the largest complex of art museums in Britain. Within its walls are masterpieces of British art from 1500 to the present day.
By the end of the last century, the museum’s collection had become so enormous that space for its storage (not to mention display) was no longer sufficient. As a result, the collection was divided into two parts: a modern painting (in the curators’ understanding of the 20th century), it became a separate gallery, the Tate Modern, and the British Tate Britain.
Tate Britain Gallery is the English equivalent of our Tretyakov Gallery.
The gallery was founded in 1897 from the funds of Sir Henry Tate (he is the inventor of the raffinate and cotton candy). The collection of the museum was formed thanks to the South Kensington Museum, and private collections of paintings. Their owners decided to donate collections of paintings to the state.
In the 1920s, paintings by English artists were diluted with works by French Impressionists and Post-Impressionists.
The collection of paintings in the Tate Britain Gallery is strictly ordered. Each time period has its own thematic sections. Once a year the set of themes changes, this creates interest and intrigue. The main exhibits of the museum are the Pre-Raphaelite paintings (a movement in English painting in the second half of the 19th century) and Turner’s canvases in the air, which, unfortunately, are not represented in Russia.
“Tate Modern occupies the premises of a former power station, and its building is a full-fledged art object. Within its walls you can see paintings by Dali, Matisse, Kandinsky and Picasso. Here, too, the exhibits are hung by theme, only not by historical themes, but by more abstract ones: Things in Motion, Poetry and Dreams, and Substantial Changes.
Tate Gallery Paintings.
John Constable, Flatford Mill (Scene on a Navigable River)
William Blake, Satan Smiting Job with Sore Boils.
J. M. W. Turner, Snow Storm, Steam – Boat off a Harbour’s Mouth
Sir John Everett Millais, Ophelia
Anna Lea Merritt, Love Locked Out
James Abbott McNeill Whistler, Nocturne: Blue and Gold – Old Battersea Bridge
David Bomberg, The Mud Bath
Oberon, Titania and Puck with Fairies Dancing, William Blake
Ecce Ancilla Domini, Dante Gabriel Rossetti
The Fairy Feller’s Master-Stroke, Richard Dadd
The Strayed Sheep (Our English Coasts), William Holman Hunt
The Little Country Maid, Camille Pissarro
The Death of Major Peirson, John Singleton Copley
The Pylades and Orestes Brought as Victims before Iphigenia, Benjamin West
The Gate of Calais,William Hogarth
Entrance to the Tate Galleries in London is free except for any special exhibitions or events that take place within its walls.
Tate Gallery in London
No trip to London is complete without a visit to some of its cultural attractions. One of the best places to see British art is the Tate Gallery, which is a complex of art museums of the United Kingdom, containing works of art, created in Britain since the 16th century, and modern art masterpieces from around the world.
- Monday 10:00-18:00
- Tuesday 10:00-18:00
- Wednesday 10:00 am to 6:00 pm
- Thursday 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM
- Friday 10:00 AM to 6:00 PM
- Saturday 10:00-18:00
- Sunday 10:00-18:00
Tate Gallery Inside.
General information and creation history
London is home to 2 of the 4 museums that make up the complex:
The Tate Britain Museum first opened its doors to the public in 1897.In 1889, Henry Tate, an industrialist and creator of sugar refineries and cotton candy, offered to donate his collection of 19th-century paintings to the state and provided funding for the first Tate Gallery. The museum’s neoclassical building was designed by Sidney Smith.
It has since been expanded by six additions, the last of which, the Clore Gallery, opened in 1987 to house the famous collection of works by artist J. M. W. Turner. The original name of the Tate Gallery was changed to Tate Britain in 2000, when the exhibition rooms began to display masterpieces of British art alone. Here are the works of the greatest artists from 1500 to the present time.
In December 1992 the members of the board of trustees of the museum announced their intention to create a separate gallery of international contemporary art in London, calling it the Tate Modern. A former power station on Bankside, renovated and redesigned by Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, was chosen as the building for the new gallery. The power plant equipment was removed and the building had its original brickwork restored. The turbine hall became an impressive entrance and exhibition space, and the boiler room became used for galleries.
Since the museum opened in May 2000, more than 40 million people have visited the Tate Modern. It is one of the three most popular tourist attractions in Britain, generating about 100 million pounds annually for London.
At the Tate Britain, visitors are taken on a walk through the history of British art from 1500 to the present day. In the exhibition rooms you can explore masterpieces by William Turner, John Constable, John Everett Millais and contemporary art by Francis Bacon, Lucian Freud, Barbara Hepworth, David Hockney, Bridget Riley and others.
The Tate Modern galleries have collected contemporary art masterpieces since 1900 and only in innovative genres such as Surrealism, Impressionism, Abstractionism, Cubism, Pop Art, Modern Art and Art Nouveau. The spacious Turbine Room contains amazing works by artists such as Cézanne, Bonnard, Matisse, Picasso, Rothko, Dali, Pollock, Warhol and Bourgeois.
Some of the famous artists’ paintings on display at the Tate Gallery are:
- “The Annunciation” (Ecce Ancilla Domini), by D. G. Rosetti;
- “Ophelia” (Ophelia), by D. E. Millet;
- “Satan (Satan Smiting Job with Sore Boils), W. Blake;
- “Love Locked Out (Love Locked Out), A. L. Merritt;
- “The Gate of Calais, by W. Hogarth.
Café and Shop
The museums have stores that are filled with books, prints and products that reflect the main goal: to spread knowledge and develop a love of art. Works by famous artists and designers as well as young illustrators at the beginning of their careers are on display here.
At the main entrance of the Tate Britain Gallery is a main store with a wide range of products, including prints and books on British art and culture, as well as home goods, jewelry, and gifts for children. From the old gallery to the new one, you can take a water streetcar (past Big Ben). Here, visitors to the complex can stop and relax in a café overlooking St. Paul’s Cathedral and the Thames.
One of the largest stores, located in the Tate Modern Museum’s Turbine Hall, offers a selection of popular art books and magazines, and offers gifts, postcards, and posters. The Terrace Shop offers a wide range of reproductions of paintings.
The gallery is open to visitors on weekdays and holidays (except December 24-26) from Saturday to Thursday from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m., and on Fridays from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m.
Admission to both museums is free, except for temporary events and special exhibitions. Admission to such events costs between £15 and £30.
Address and how to get there
The Tate Modern is located at London SE1 9TG, Bankside. Most visitors get there on foot along the river on the right bank of the Thames or via the famous Millennium footbridge, which stretches from St Paul’s Cathedral.
Tate Britain is located at Millbank, London SW1P 4RG.
A dedicated carriage runs between these museums every 40 minutes.
Metro: 600m to Pimlico tube station, Victoria line, or 850m to Vauxhall station.
Bus: The area is served by a large number of bus routes: 2, 3, C10, 36, 77A, 88, 159, 185, 436 and 507.
Vauxhall railway station is located 850 m from the museum, Victoria station – 1500 m.