The lowest point on land, -416 meters

-416 meters below sea level: the lowest point of land on the planet

  • Time inexorable still turns the Dead Sea into a lifeless desert – every year the water level drops by about 1 meter. The process of formation of this unique salt lake began long ago – about three million years ago, climate change led to global warming and large-scale melting of glaciers at the poles, the oceans were filled with huge volumes of water, some of which penetrated into the area through the northern valleys (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • Subsequent lowering of sea level and rock subsidence contributed to the creation of a closed salt reservoir, changes in the size and salt concentration of which reflected natural climate fluctuations: rainy periods led to an increase in the water level and a decrease in its salinity, and during dry periods the water level dropped and the salt concentration in the water increased (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • The shorelines of the lake 25,000 years ago, when the climate was humid, reached about -160 meters below sea level, and they are clearly visible on the mountain slopes surrounding the Dead Sea trough. In the last millennium, natural fluctuations in the water level reached -400 meters. Today, the decline in water levels is accelerating due to human intervention in the sea ecosystem (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • Until recent decades, the salt was mostly deposited outside the lake, in areas where splash from the waves hit, while the mud accumulated under the water. Decrease in water level in recent years led to an increase in water salinity and cyclic salt settling with the formation of salt layers at the bottom of the lake during the summer (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • Formation of the salt layer shown in the photo began around 1982, it became available for inspection in the fall of 1999 due to a permanent drop in the water level. The sediment under the salt layer is a salt solution which rises through the cracks to the surface and evaporates which results in white lines of crystallized salt along the cracks (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • Wavy traces which form on the bottoms of seas and lakes near the shoreline due to the movement of waves are perpetuated here by salt crystallization, and the lowering of the water level has exposed these once underwater areas (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • Small salt ridges are the result of salt rising from the lower layers, causing continuous salt crystallization, which in turn tends to expand the existing layers, thereby creating pressure from within (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • For mechanical reasons, this pressure converges in lines along which the layer rises, forming small ridges, while strong stress at the top of the solid layer causes noisy cracking along the ridge line (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • Although precipitation is rare in the region, fresh water dissolves salt with great efficiency, creating a sharp jagged surface on the salt layer (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • In the fall of 2002, the water level of the Dead Sea reached -417 meters, and the length of the visible salt layer increased by another 100 meters. The winter of 2002-2003 was rainy, the water level in the lake rose temporarily by one meter, the water dissolved the upper salt layer, exposing the mud underneath which appeared in the form of a freakishly rugged slope (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • In addition to the viscosity of the mud deposits, signs warning of the possibility of cavities under the salt layer which could lead to sinkholes warn of the dangers of wading through the exposed seabed (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • A complex millennial process of interaction between water, salts, soil, bacteria and the decay products of animal organisms, plants, brought with the silt of the Jordan River and thermo-mineral mountain springs has led to the formation of a special kind of mineral mud in the thick earth. The Dead Sea mud belongs to the group of chlorine-magnesium-calcium-sulfite muds (photo: Stylarium.ru)
  • Dead Sea mud is a homogeneous plastic paste from black to dark gray in color with a characteristic sulfuric odor and very salty taste. The colloidal sulfuric iron, which makes the mud mud paste malleable and naturally black, oxidizes in the air to form iron oxide and free sulfur, and changes its color to a grayish brown color. Due to the high concentration of minerals, salts, trace elements and biologically active substances, the mud of the Dead Sea is used for therapeutic purposes (photo: Stylarium.ru).
  • The lowest place on Earth, where in front of millions of people “writes” geological biography of the planet, marked with an appropriate sign, there is an observation deck. As you know, the highest point of the Earth is Mount Dzhomolungma in the Himalayas, its height is 8848 meters above sea level, Stylarium.ru still has to go there (photo: Stylarium.ru)
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See where the Earth’s deepest point is.

Find out where the lowest point on Earth is

You might know about the deepest depression, the Marianas Trench, and TravelAsk has already told you about it. But did you know that there is a place on the planet that is almost half a kilometer below the level? Yes, Mother Earth constantly surprises us.

The deepest place on the planet

The Dead Sea is the lowest piece of land on Earth. That is, in fact, a person is here on land, but the sea level “says” that he is under water.

Find out where the lowest point on Earth is

The Dead Sea coast is 417.5 meters below world ocean level. It is also called the Sea of Asphalt, the Sea of Sodom, and the Sea of Salt. The lake is located on the border of Jordan and Israel. It is quite understandable that the road around the Dead Sea is also the lowest road on earth.

The sea is 67 kilometers long and only 18 kilometers wide at its widest point. The depth of the body of water can quite boast: the maximum figure is 306 meters, and the average to the bottom from the surface of the water is 200 meters.

Find out where the lowest point on Earth is

That is to say, the lowest point of the Dead Sea sea bed is located at 723 meters from sea level!

And of course the main feature of the Dead Sea is its salinity. It is one of the most salty bodies of water on the planet, the salt level is 300-310%, and in some years it reaches 350%.

Interesting facts about the Dead Sea

Fact #1 . No one lives in the Dead Sea because of its salinity. Or almost no one. There are about 70 species of oomycetes and higher fungi. They are not affected by the salt level.

Find out where the lowest point on Earth is

Fact #2 . The water level in the Dead Sea drops a meter every year. This is very scary for the body of water and threatens an ecological catastrophe. For example, the volume of water has decreased from 325 cubic kilometers to 147. Moreover, the sea is practically divided into two parts due to such drying.

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Find out where the lowest point on Earth is

The main reason is the activity of the plants extracting minerals here and the climatic changes.

Fact #3 . It is near the Dead Sea or even in its place (according to some versions) were the famous Sodom and Gomorrah. However, the search for ancient cities has never been successful. But at the bottom of the sea with a satellite were recorded anomalies, similar to the ruins of the city. And the mountains of rock salt in the south-west of the reservoir are called Sodom mountains, but the origin of the name is not fully determined.

Find out where the lowest point on Earth is

Fact #4 . The mineral content of the Dead Sea is about 30%.

Fact #5 . There is a project to transfer water from the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea to the Dead Sea. The cost of building the canal is estimated at $4 billion.

Fact #6 . It was on the shores of the Dead Sea that the biblical Lot and his daughters found shelter after the destruction of Sodom. You can even see the pillar of salt that Lot’s wife turned into.

Find out where the lowest point on Earth is

Fact #7 . The Qumran manuscripts belonging to the ancient Jewish sect of the Jesse have been found in the vicinity of the Dead Sea. They date from about the second century B.C. Their principles were very similar to the Gospel commandments. They were found by accident by a Bedouin boy in 1947. Scholars believe that it was the teachings of the Jesse that paved the way for the reception of Christianity.

Who is in second and third place

In second place is the coast of Lake Assal in Djibouti, it lies 155 meters below sea level. In third place is the Death Valley Desert in California, which is the lowest point in both Americas, 86 meters below sea level.

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