The most famous underground cities

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

Everyone has heard stories about people living in abandoned mines, caves or subway tunnels. Or maybe you’ve read the book “The Time Machine” and remember the Morlocks who lived underground. What most people don’t realize is that not only did underground cities not exist – in many cases they flourished.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

10. Underground Beijing In 1969 Mao Zedong ordered the construction of a temporary shelter for the socialist government, and its construction continued for the next decade. It was located below Beijing and stretched for 30 kilometers. The giant city was built during the war on the Soviet-Chinese border, and its main purpose was military defense.

The city had stores, restaurants, schools, theaters, barbershops, and even a roller skating rink. The underground city also had more than 1,000 bomb shelters, and was built to accommodate up to 40 percent of Beijing’s population in the event of an attack.

Amazingly, it is still rumored that every house had a secret hatch that allowed citizens to quickly descend into the large underground complex. In 2000, the giant city was officially opened as a sort of tourist attraction, and some of its rooms are actually used as youth hostels.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

9. Setenil de las Bodegas, Spain Unlike most cities on this list, Setenil de las Bodegas continues to thrive and is home to over 3,000 people. In this Spanish mountain town, the houses are not completely underground, but built right into the stone walls.

Much of the town is built in the open space, and this town remains a fascinating place to visit with its incredible carved structures. The town served as a Moorish fortification, and was used in a similar way by the Roman Empire.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

8. Moose Jaw, Saskatchewan

Moose Jaw is in the province of Saskatchewan, Canada, which means that it has a very long winter here. Not surprisingly, it was just as cold here in the early twentieth century, which led to the construction of a series of tunnels under the city that served to allow workers to move around the city in warmer conditions. Given the time period in which the tunnels were built, it is not surprising that this network of tunnels soon became used for illegal purposes.

The Moose Joe tunnels were used by gangsters and bootleggers because it was the Prohibition era. Where there was illegal liquor, gambling and prostitution soon appeared, so the underground city quickly enough became a mini-Las Vegas. Rumor has it that Al Capone himself was actively involved in all this illegal activity, which led to the tunnels being called the Chicago Connection.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

7. City of the Gods, Giza Plateau The Pyramid of Cheops is the only wonder of the ancient world that has survived. In addition to being an architectural marvel in its own right, some believe that something almost as extraordinary exists beneath the Giza Plateau: a vast series of underground tunnels and chambers.

Beginning in 1978, researchers began to map a huge underground complex, which they call a potential “Metropolis. Known as the City of the Gods, it is still shrouded in mystery. Given that this huge underground city lies directly beneath one of the most important historical structures in the world, it is unlikely that its secrets will be solved in the near future. Furthermore, many opponents of the City of Gods theory claim that no such city exists and that pseudoscientific ideas are only invented to support belief in alien gods.

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Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

6. Portland, Oregon The Shanghai Tunnels are located under one of the largest cities in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. They are underneath Chinatown and are said to have been used to transport goods and even people. Because of this giant underground infrastructure, Portland has become known as the worst place on America’s west coast because of Shanghaiing, the practice of kidnapping people for forced labor aboard ships.

It is believed that the Shanghai Tunnels, also known as the Forbidden City, were used for other illegal activities such as prostitution. Today you can travel through the tunnels with much less risk of being shanghaied than in the past.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

5. Wieliczka Salt Mine, Poland The salt mine in Wieliczka is located in southern Poland. It was built in the thirteenth century. The mine produced salt until 2007, making it one of the oldest salt mines in history. In addition to producing tons of our favorite food additive, the mine was also a massive underground complex that included statues, chapels and even a cathedral.

The mine itself is enormous in size, reaching up to 300 kilometers in length. During World War II, the mine was used by the Germans to make munitions. It has an underground lake and is visited by over a million tourists a year.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

4. Coober Pedy, Australia Also like Setenil de las Bodegas, the town of Coober Pedy still exists and is home to more than 1,600 people. It is considered the opal capital of the world because it produces more opal than anywhere else on earth. The town consists of houses called “dugouts,” which were built underground to combat the unbearable heat of the surface and to protect children from dingoes.

Since opal was first discovered in Coober Pedy in 1915, the area has been in constant development. Gems are mined here, and if you have anything with opal in it, it is likely that this opal came from the mines of Coober Pedy. In addition to dugouts and mines, the town boasts underground stores and pubs, as well as a church, and even a cemetery.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

3. Kish, Iran Below Kish in Iran, is a mysterious town that is so mysterious that it has no official name. It has various names, including qanat, but most tourists simply call it the underground city of Kish. The city is over 2,500 years old and was originally used as a water management system.

Like many other ancient things, the underground city has of course been renovated and there are now plans to turn it into a modern tourist complex. The new version of Kish will include restaurants and stores in a huge space of 10,000 square meters.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

2. Cappadocia, Turkey The region of Cappadocia, Turkey, is famous for its underground cities, especially the underground city of Derinkuyu. It consisted of seven underground levels and is said to have been home to thousands of people. It was not a small city, nor did it consist of a series of small houses carved into a cave. There were stores, churches, and even schools throughout Derinkuyu, as well as areas where the inhabitants made wine. It is believed that the underground cities were a haven for Christians fleeing persecution by the Roman Empire, because no one wants to be eaten by lions.

Top 10: Amazing Underground Cities

Although many people have heard of Cheyenne Mountain, a not-so-secret underground government facility in the United States, not many people know of a similar facility underground in the English countryside. The facility, codenamed Burlington, was built in the 1950s and its purpose was to house the British government in case of nuclear war.

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Burlington was built in an old stone quarry, and covered an area of 1 square kilometer. It could accommodate 4,000 government officials. However, it could not accommodate their families. Burlington had 95 miles of roads, a railroad station, a hospital, an underground lake, a water purification plant, and a pub. It was also home to a BBC studio from which the prime minister would have been able to address the entire surviving population from the safety and comfort of the underground. Burlington was operational until 1991, when the Cold War ended.

10 Amazing Underground Cities

Everyone has probably heard stories about people living in abandoned mines, caves or subways. Or maybe someone has read “The Time Machine” by Herbert Wells and then probably remembers the Morlocks. In many places on Earth, underground cities not only exist, but sometimes even thrive.

1. Underground Beijing.

10 Amazing Underground Cities

Mao Zedong in 1969 ordered the construction of temporary housing for the socialist government. The construction took 10 years, and as a result under Beijing there was a city of 30 kilometers. It had stores, restaurants, schools, theaters, barbershops, and even a roller-skating rink. In addition to all these amenities, the city had about 1,000 bomb shelters in case of an attack.

Rumor has it that every house in “upper” Beijing had a secret hatch so that citizens could quickly retreat to the underground complex if necessary. In 2000, the dungeons were officially opened to tourists, and some of the bomb shelters are now used as hotels.

2. Setenil de las Bodegas

10 Amazing Underground Cities

Unlike most cities on our list, the Spanish town of Setenil de las Bodegas is home to 3,000 people. True, the houses in this town are built right into the rock, not underground.

Most of the city’s streets are under the open sky, and tourists often come to this town to see the houses, as if pressed into the rocks. Formerly a Moorish fortification, it was later used as an outpost in the fight against the Roman Empire.

3. mus-Jo.

10 Amazing Underground Cities

The city is located in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan, where winter lasts a very long time. At the beginning of the 20th century, it was so cold there that it was almost impossible to go outside, and tunnels were built under the city – it was warmer to get to workplaces. Given the time period in which the tunnels appeared, it is not surprising that they soon became used for illegal purposes.

Bandits and liquor dealers showed up underground – that’s when Canada enacted Prohibition. And where there’s illegal alcohol, there’s prostitution and gambling, so soon the underground town turned into a mini Las Vegas. It is said that Al Capone himself took part in all this illegal activity.

4. City of Gods

10 Amazing Underground Cities

The Great Pyramids near the Egyptian city of Giza are still considered one of the greatest wonders of the world. But the Pyramids are not only an architectural marvel. They are also interesting because there is a whole network of tunnels and chambers underneath them.

Researchers are studying the underground complex, called the City of the Gods, until now, but it is still shrouded in mystery. However, given the scientific interest in the place, which emerged in 1978, the secrets will soon give way to unraveling.

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5. Portland

10 Amazing Underground Cities

Underneath one of the largest cities in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States lie the Shanghai Tunnels, also known as the Forbidden City. They are underneath Chinatown, and were formerly used to transport goods and, rumor has it, people. Because of this underground complex, Portland gained notoriety as the worst place on the west coast of America – healthy, strong men were kidnapped from the city in the last century for forced labor on departing ships. In addition, prostitution flourished in the tunnels. Nowadays, however, the situation has changed for the better, and now there is no risk when traveling through the tunnels.

6. The salt mine in Wieliczka

10 Amazing Underground Cities

Located in the south of Poland, the salt mine in Wieliczka was built in the 13th century. Salt was extracted here until 2007, making it one of the oldest salt mines in history. But apart from that the mine is a residential underground complex with statues, chapels and even a cathedral.

The mine is about 300 kilometers long. During World War II it was used by the Germans for building munitions. There is also a large underground lake in the mine, which attracts over a million tourists a year to the place.

7. Kuber Pedi

10 Amazing Underground Cities

Kuber Pedi is also known as the opal capital of the world because it is a rich deposit – almost 30% of the world’s opals are mined here. The town consists of houses called “dugouts” and is home to 1,600 residents. The dugouts were made to deal with the unbearable heat on the surface, and in addition protected miners and their children from wild dingo dogs and Australian aborigines.

In addition to living quarters, the town boasts underground stores, pubs, and even a cemetery with a church.

8. Kish

10 Amazing Underground Cities

Under the city of Kish in Iran stretches another city, so mysterious that it does not even have its own name. It is about 2,500 years old. Originally the underground city was used as a water management system.

Of course, like many ancient sites, the city was not long ago restored and will soon open to tourists. There are plans to build cinemas, restaurants and hotels under the city with a total area of 10,000 square meters.

9. Cappadocia

10 Amazing Underground Cities

The region of Cappadocia in Turkey is known primarily for its underground city of Derinkuyu. The city consists of several levels and is said to have several thousand inhabitants. It is a large city with its own system of government, stores, churches, and schools. They even make wine here.

It is believed that there are secret places in the underground structures where Christians who did not want to go to feed the lions hid from the persecution of the Roman Empire.

10. Burlington

10 Amazing Underground Cities

There is a town codenamed Burlington in the vast expanse of Britain in the countryside. It was built in the 1950s to house the British government in the event of a nuclear war. The town was housed in an old stone quarry of one square kilometer and could accommodate 4,000 civil servants, though without their families.

The town had its own railway station, hospitals, underground lakes, water purification facilities and a pub. In addition, the town had a radio station from which the prime minister could communicate his decisions to the entire small settlement. Burlington remained in operation until the 1990s and was ready to welcome residents until the end of the Cold War.

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