Top 10 farthest from civilization islands
At times, each of us has an overwhelming desire to escape from the hustle and bustle of the world around us. There are still corners on Earth where nature exists in its pristine form, and the nearest human habitation is hundreds of miles of ocean expanses. Today we offer you the Top 10 most remote islands where you can hide from civilization . Here anyone can feel like a Robinson, enjoying the peace and quiet.
10. Easter Island (Paasch-Eyland).
Has the local name of Rapa Nui and belongs to the territory of Chile. The distance to the continent is impressive – 3,703 km. The island is famous for its stone statues (moai) made of pressed volcanic ash. The only regular flight to Easter Island is provided by Chilean airline “LAN Airlines”.
9. Tristan da Cunha Island
Is part of the British Overseas Territory of St. Helena. From this piece of land, lost in the ocean, 2816 km to the coast of Africa, 3360 km to South America and 2161 km south to Saint Helena. The only mammals on the island are seals. There are many endemic plants not found anywhere else in the world. The island is not connected to any mainland by regular passenger flights.
8. Mangareva Island
– The largest among the islands Gambier belonging to French Polynesia. The island is home to a little over 800 people who are engaged in mining first-class pearls in the local waters. The climate on Mangareva is tropical. The coldest months are July and August.
7. Petit St. Vincent island.
It’s a part of Grenadines archipelago. The island is privately owned, with several villas and pensions owned by fans of secluded vacations. The entire population of the island does not exceed 50 people.
6. Raja Ampat Islands,
Located in Indonesia, is a true paradise for lovers of scuba diving. Beautiful scenery created by underwater corals and the abundance of underwater creatures make the time here very exciting, especially if you have a set of diving equipment.
5. Ellesmere Island
– The northernmost of the islands of Canada. There are no human settlements on the island, but polar hares, deer and musk oxen roam among the glaciers and snowfields. The climate is quite harsh: the temperature in winter drops to -45 ° C. In summer, however, it is rarely warmer than +7 ° C. Ellesmere is a harsh place for fans of snowy exoticism.
4. the island of St. Helena
– It is a British Overseas Territory famous for being the place where Napoleon Bonaparte spent the last years of his life. The climate on the island is tropical and trade winds. The whole population of the island is 5.6 thousand people.
3. Norfolk Island
off the coast of Australia has a small population of just over 2 thousand people. The climate on Norfolk Island is subtropical, with little seasonal variation in temperature.
2. Jan Mayen Island
It is located 600 km north of Iceland and belongs to Norway. Despite such a northern location, the climate of the island is characterized by fairly high temperatures for these latitudes. This is due to the influence of the Gulf Stream. The weather is cloudy and often foggy.
Part of the Seychelles archipelago, this is a small coral atoll with an area of 3.24 sq. km. The island is 6.2 km long and just 500 meters wide at its narrowest point. Covered with tropical vegetation, Derosch is framed by beautiful sandy beaches. The best time for seclusion on the island is from September to May.
The official languages are French and English, but because of the popularity of Seychelles among tourists, they also speak Chinese, Japanese, Arabic. So if you want to communicate with someone, take lessons of Japanese, French or English, for example. Removing the language barrier has never stopped anyone, but only opened up a new way of getting to know the world.
To be honest, most of us dream of visiting a remote tropical island at least at some point in our lives.
But can city dwellers really cope with island fever, seeing the same people every day, having only one TV channel and using the phone once a week? The clean air and incredible and wild nature is indeed a plus, but is it enough? Take a look at what it means to live on a remote island – these are the five remotest inhabited tropical islands visible from space:
Ascension is a 91-square-kilometer volcanic island located in the southern Atlantic Ocean. It is 2,250 km from the east coast of South America and 1,600 km from the west coast of Africa.
It was first visited by a Portuguese navigator in 1503. Nearby is St. Helena, where Napoleon was imprisoned in 1815.
Although ships often stop on the island to hunt birds and huge green turtles, the British soldiers who inhabit it can go months without visitors.
The island is home to satellite tracking stations and ground antennas, Wideawake airfield, and also hosts joint military exercises of the Royal Air Force and the U.S. Air Force.
Ascension has five settlements with 940 people, mostly military. Since there are no permanent residences, everyone must have a work contract to stay on the island.
In recent years, tourists have been showing up here more and more often. Sport fishing and bird watching are popular activities, but there is a golf course that is considered the worst in the world. In addition, the locals already have a bank branch and 40 kilometers of roads.
2. St. Helena
Saint Helena is a 122 square kilometer volcanic island located in the South Atlantic Ocean and is considered one of the most isolated places in the world, 2,000 kilometers off the coast of Africa.
Because of this remoteness, the British used the island as a place of exile for centuries. First Napoleon Bonaparte and then more than 5,000 imprisoned Dutch, French, and German settlers from South Africa.
The island was discovered in 1502. Portuguese sailors found it uninhabited, but with plenty of trees and fresh water, so it became an important stopover for ships entering the South Atlantic.
Unlike Ascension, St. Helena was settled shortly after its discovery and today has 4,255 residents living in eight neighborhoods. The island prints its own banknotes and has a bank, post office and Internet.
Tourists are drawn to the site of Napoleon’s exile. They arrive by ship, as there is no airport on St. Helena.
3. tristan da Cunha
Tristan da Cunha is a volcanic group of islands and the most remote inhabited archipelago in the world 2800 km from South Africa and 3300 km from South America. One island, Tristan da Cunha, is inhabited by 269 people.
The island is dominated by a volcanic cone that towers over the green slopes. The last major eruption occurred in 1961, at which time its inhabitants were evacuated to England.
The islands were discovered in 1506, but were officially explored in 1767 when a French frigate visited. They were uninhabited at the time, but the island had.
Like Ascension Island, the first settlements appeared on Tristan da Cunha after Napoleon’s expulsion to St. Helena. The British did not want the French to use the island for a potential salvage operation, so they annexed it to St. Helena in 1816.
Originally the 113-square-mile island was settled by British troops, but gradually civilians came along as well. Today the main income comes from agriculture, and most people work for the local government.
Foreigners are not allowed to buy land or live in Tristan da Cunha. Getting there is not easy, so tourists are advised to plan their trip a year in advance, as they need a special permit and location on one of the few ships that visit Tristan da Cunha.
For those who live on the island, life has become a bit more technological: They now have two television channels, telephone lines, Internet access, and the local school (with five classrooms) has a computer room. However, mail is only delivered ten times a year by ship.
4. Easter Island.
The Dutch explorer who discovered the island gives it its name because he set foot on its shores on Easter Day, 1722. Its first population was Polynesians who came from neighboring islands.
Easter Island was annexed to Chile in 1888 after most of its indigenous population died. Along with its inhabitants, the island’s ancestral knowledge and culture disappeared, so many questions about it are still a mystery.
The language of Rongorongo and its alphabet have not yet been read, and the origin of the large stone statues symbolizing Easter Island is still unresolved.
The population of the island today is 3,791, a mixture of Europeans, mestizos and Indians. Most of them live in the largest settlement, HANGA ROA. Easter Island has one of the most remote international airports in the world.
Two flights a week carry a steady stream of visitors of tourists and scientists, guaranteeing the main income of the island.
PITCHARN is a group of four volcanic islands in the South Pacific. Pitcairn, with an area of 47 square kilometers, is the second most populated island.
Occupied by Polynesians for centuries, the island was abandoned when British sailors discovered it in 1767. It became a British colony in 1838 and was one of the first to grant women the right to vote.
This island has always been sparsely populated, reaching 233 people at its peak in 1937, and since then many of its residents have emigrated to New Zealand. Today its population is 50, which is less than one inhabitant per square kilometer.
Agriculture and fishing are the main sources of income on the island. It has no airport, but its inhabitants have one street telephone. Cruise ships stop there every few months.