The Red Sea: the warmest sea in the world

The Red Sea is the warmest sea on the planet.

The Red Sea is located between the African continent and the Arabian Peninsula. It connects to the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean through the well-known Suez Canal. Speaking about the Red Sea, we should pay attention to the fact that it is considered the most salty of all the seas that are part of the World Ocean, which washes all the continents of our planet.Red Sea in Egypt “Why is this sea the most salty of all seas?”, – may ask a person who does not know the geography and location of the Red Sea too well. The fact is that the Red Sea is the only sea in the world into which no freshwater river flows. Naturally, it is significantly inferior in salt content to the Dead Sea, but it should be remembered that almost no living organisms can survive in the Dead Sea, and the Red Sea amazes even experienced divers with the abundance of life forms. And this despite the fact that the salinity of the water of the magnificent Red Sea is up to 60 grams of salts per liter of water taken for laboratory analysis.Red Sea in Egypt As a comparison, it is worth bringing the salinity of the water, popular among domestic tourists Black Sea – it is only 18 grams of salts per liter of water. In addition, describing the Red Sea, which is rightly considered one of the seven wonders of the underwater world, it is impossible not to mention that it is also the warmest sea on the planet. It is warmed not only by the sun’s rays, but also by the earth’s mantle, that is, in the Red Sea, unlike other seas, not only cold, but warm layers of water rise from the depth. In winter the water heats up to 21 – 23 degrees Celsius, and in summer up to +30 degrees. Because of the high water temperature and its constant evaporation, the Red Sea and became the most salty in the world, of course, after the Dead Sea. The Red Sea, according to the most conservative assumptions of scientists, originated 25 million years ago. Therefore, alas, it is impossible to know exactly why the Red Sea was called “Red”. There are only a few versions of the origin of the name of the Red Sea, although it should be noted that none of them can be considered credible. The first version is that the name comes from the ancient language of the Himyarites, the people who lived in southern Arabia, long before the Arabs conquered the land. The conquerors have long tried to decipher the written language of the Semites and decided to read the three letters “X”, “M” and “R” in their own way – “Ahmar”, which in translation means red. This assumption can be considered as a version. The second version, according to historians, is more plausible, although it is associated with the myths of the many nationalities that inhabited the territory near the Red Sea. They associated each of the parts of the world with a certain color. Red was associated with the south, where the sea was, hence its name. According to documents that have survived to this day, and have been deciphered by scientists, the Red Sea was mentioned in the 2nd century BC, and in the 16th century, some researchers called this sea, which is part of the Indian Ocean – the Suez Sea. As mentioned above, the sea was formed when India began its movement toward the Asian continent, and this event occurred long before the first man appeared on Earth, so it is impossible for scientists to know exactly why the saltiest sea in the World Ocean was named “Red”.

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The Long History of the Youngest Sea Throughout its existence, the Red Sea, despite its young age (naturally, according to geological standards), has experienced a number of changes and cataclysms. Over 25 million years, which for our planet can only be considered a short moment, the level of the ocean has been constantly fluctuating, which, by the way, is still happening today. Glaciers melted and new ones formed; the waters of the oceans rose or fell by tens or even hundreds of meters. Once the level of the ocean dropped significantly, the Red Sea turned into a huge salt lake, where the salt content was several times higher than the salt content per liter of water in the Dead Sea. By the way, at present the sea is connected to the ocean by the Strait of Bab el Mandeb. The deepest part of the strait is 184 meters. One can only imagine what will happen if a new ice age begins and the sea level drops by 190 meters. The Red Sea would cease to communicate with the waters of the Indian Ocean and once again become dead. However, our contemporaries and descendants are not threatened by it. Such a drop in the level of the World Ocean occurs over hundreds of thousands of years, so the amazing beauty of the sea, which washes the shores of Sudan, Israel, Saudi Arabia, Jordan and, of course, Egypt will please everyone who wants to see all the wealth of the underwater world, which can be found only in the Red Sea or on the Barrier Reefs Scientists have found that the Red Sea quite often lost “connection” with the World Ocean, and its coast has dried up, and was covered with salt. As a result, even now, on the shores of the Red Sea, alas, there is no lush vegetation, and from the spring, gushing out, you can not quench your thirst. The water under the ground also tastes salty. Surprisingly, even the rains near the Red Sea do not give the soil life-giving moisture, they, like the sea and the springs near it, are salty. Yes, yes, dear reader, you did not mishear that, in the northernmost part of the Red Sea there is a forest consisting of mangroves. This forest is part of a nature reserve called Nabq. Only mangroves are able to grow in salt water and do not need constant access of oxygen to the root system.Red Sea in Egypt This amazing plant is able to remove excess salt through its leaves, and the life-giving fresh moisture nourishes the wood. Mangroves are usually sprouted in such a way that it is quite difficult for a person to get through them, and getting into a certain area, you can easily find yourself in a trap, from which it is impossible to get out without help. The mangroves of the Red Sea are home to a huge number of animals and birds, and ornithologists and zoologists monitor their life in the reserve. To say that the Red Sea – a real paradise for divers, fishermen and people who are fond of underwater hunting, it is not an exaggeration. One has only to put on a mask and take the snorkel, as soon as the coast you can see the enchanting underwater world with many colorful corals, sponges, urchins and fish.Red Sea in Egypt At times it seems that every species here is competing with each other for brightness of color and unusual shapes. Warm and crystal clear waters of the Red Sea allow many species of underwater flora and fauna, most of which are endemics. Life under the water here is boiling and does not stop even in the dead of night.

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To date, scientists who study the depths of the Red Sea alone have discovered and described almost 1,500 invertebrates, and almost as many species of fish. In the waters of the Red Sea there are almost 300 species of corals, whose reproduction is a fantastic picture.Red Sea in Egypt Huge sea turtles and frolicking dolphins complete the amazing landscape and tell the tourist that he came to a place where underwater life reveals itself to man in all its glory. It is surprising that, according to ichthyologists, today no more than 60% of the underwater inhabitants of the Red Sea are discovered. The greatest depth of this unique sea of its kind is more than 3 kilometers, which means that most deep-sea fish are not yet known to science. So far, only forty-three species of fish have been discovered that live in great depths. Also, the Red Sea constantly poses new and new puzzles to scientists. It is still not known why about 30% of the inhabitants of the northern part of the sea can not live in the other part.Red Sea in Egypt It seems as if an invisible boundary does not allow them to move from north to south. Although the chemical composition of water and temperature regime in these areas are almost identical. Maybe the reason lies in the word “almost”. Despite the extraterrestrial beauty of the underwater world, the Red Sea conceals a lot of dangers. Touching the most beautiful corals, sponges or bizarre jellyfish in the sea is strictly prohibited. It is written about it in almost every tourist brochure. Prick sea urchin or sting of poisonous underwater snake, toothy moray eel can lead to burns, allergic reactions, great blood loss, and sometimes even to death of the victim. Diving into the depths of the Red Sea, you must remember that it is home to 44 species of sharks. Some of them are quite harmless creatures that live only at great depths and feed on plankton or small fish. However, among them there are the most dangerous species for humans, such as the tiger shark, which often attacks people for no apparent reason. Its mouth is studded with huge sharp teeth, which can easily tear off a limb. Unfortunately, lately attacks of tiger sharks on holidaymakers have become more and more frequent and most often fatal. There are reports that in the Red Sea have seen a great white shark, which is, according to scientists, even a killing machine.Red Sea in Egypt These facts have not been confirmed, but we must remember that the possibility of entering the Red Sea through the Suez Canal from the Mediterranean Sea and the Indian Ocean at the “Great White” – still, there. Therefore, if a tourist saw a big fish in the clear water, it is better to leave the water as soon as possible and go ashore. Naturally, the Red Sea is home to a fairly large number of dangerous species for humans invertebrates, sharks, sea urchins and snakes. But if you follow the recommendations, carefully listening to instructions, then any danger will bypass holidaymaker and he will certainly discover the wonderful and colorful world that can be found only in the Red Sea.Red Sea in Egypt One of the seven wonders of the underwater world, this is the name of the legendary and popular among tourists Red Sea. And these are not just big words, this is just another confirmation that it is possible to understand that there is another, rich, fantastic world, hidden from the eyes of the water surface.

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I was pricked, I was pricked by coral in the Red Sea and jellyfish sting, sting, and sharks there are 40 species yes, a good holiday came out I hold a grudge.

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The warmest seas in the world – list, names, where they are, temperature, photos and videos

The World’s Warmest

Perhaps all people like to swim in the sea, especially if the weather disposes to that, and the water is warm. Especially we dream about these sea bathing in cold winters. But some seas on the planet are indeed always warm, and the water in them beckons for a swim all the time! It turns out that a lot of factors influence the water temperature, and not only the sun’s activity and the ambient air temperature.

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Also much depends on the inflowing rivers and currents, the winds and the presence of obstacles, such as islands, spits. Nature has arranged so that the warmest seas are located a little north of the equator, isolated from the ocean currents, which carry cold water from the circumpolar areas. So what are they, the warmest seas of the planet, which are the most attractive to tourists?

The World's Warmest Seas

Fifth place – the Arabian Sea

Arabian Sea

This sea is connected to the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, it is located in the north of the Indian Ocean. You can swim here if you come to Oman or Somalia. In summer the water temperature is 29 degrees, while in winter it falls to 20 degrees. There is a monsoon climate with shifting winds, and in general, creates a good environment for recreation.

Arabian Sea

Fourth Place – Timor Sea

Timor Sea

The fourth place is occupied by the Timor Sea, which is a kind of exception – it is located in the southern hemisphere, and its southern part washes the shores of Australia. It is a shallow sea with an average depth of no more than 435 meters, which allows it to fully warm under the tropical sun. Here prevails monsoon subequatorial climate, and the water successfully heats up to 30 degrees. However, it is not such a paradise, because the climate is very choppy. Weather and wind direction often change, there are storms and cyclones. And the water temperature is also unstable, it can be very high in the bays, reaching 31 degrees, and drop sharply because of the open access to the Indian Ocean, due to weather changes and storms. And even during calm times, the water has different values in different points of the reservoir – due to the complex topography of the bottom and other factors.

Timor Sea

Third place – Andaman Sea

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Andaman Sea

In third place is Andaman Sea, whose waters are also heated to 30 degrees, and sometimes – a little stronger. This sea washes around Thailand, Malaysia and several other countries, attracting many tourists. Since this sea is landlocked, it remains warm almost all the time and the temperature of its waters rarely falls below 22 degrees, even in winter.

It is also a sea of low salinity, as many rivers flow into it, which desalinate it, and also its area receives a lot of rainfall at the beginning of the rainy season. In addition to its pleasant climate and warmth, this sea is attractive for its underwater world, it is a real paradise for divers.

Andaman Sea

Second place – the Persian Gulf

Persian Gulf

The Gulf of Persia takes second place in this ranking with a temperature of about 35.6 degrees. This is a shallow body of water, and the average depth here is about 90 meters, which provides a strong warming. Also the temperature is maintained by the fact that the sea is surrounded by land. To relax here, you can go to Qatar, Kuwait, Bahrain, Iran, UAE, and other countries that have access to its waters. Even in winter, the water temperature does not drop below 18 degrees. The great rivers Tigris and Euphrates flow into this sea, as well as the Qarun. This body of water has rich flora and fauna, which opens up interesting opportunities for divers.

Arabian Gulf

The warmest sea in the world

Red Sea

The warmest sea in the world is the Red Sea. It reaches temperatures of 35 degrees or more, with an average depth of 437 meters. Located between Africa and the Arabian Peninsula, it washes around many countries, including Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Djibouti, and others. It is a very hot place, as the sea is surrounded mostly by desert. It is warm even in winter, so it is no surprise that this resort remains popular forever, and people from all over the world come here. The sea is not just warm, but also very interesting with its flora and fauna, there are corals and many endemic species.

Local authorities have adopted strict laws in order to save the underwater world with all its beauty, and in particular, breaking coral and take them as souvenirs here is strictly prohibited. But you can admire them as long as you want while scuba diving.

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