The sights of the city.

Vilnius

Vilnius – the capital and the largest metropolis of Lithuania, one of the most beautiful cities not only in the Baltics, but also in Europe. It is situated in the far southeast of the country, in a beautiful spot where the rivers Vilnius and Neris join together, not far from the border with neighboring Belarus. About 40% of the entire area of Vilnius is covered by green spaces, making it one of the greenest cities on the continent with a favorable environmental situation.

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Head & Tails: Vilnius

Highlights

Houses and streets, magnificent palaces and castles, and ancient churches all preserve the memory of Vilnius’s glorious history, the events of which turned in such a way that the once small provincial place, which changed hands, was destined to become first the capital of the republic within the former Soviet Union and then of the independent Lithuanian state. The people of Vilnius, who number 543,207 according to the 2016 census, are rightfully proud of their city and always welcome visitors who set foot on its blessed soil.

Vilnius in Winter Vilnius Cathedral Square Paupio Street Town Hall Square

According to official statistics, tourism is the main source of income for Vilnius. Each year it is visited by up to 1.5 million tourists, mostly from Russia and Eastern Europe. The city’s tour programs invariably include a visit to the Old Town, which is on the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites. There is a large concentration of ancient buildings, pedigree of which dates back to the Middle Ages. Another distinctive feature of the Lithuanian capital is the large number of Catholic churches scattered throughout the city.

Elderly people in traditional clothes

It was historically so that the city, practically throughout its existence, was multinational. A significant percentage of Poles, Belarusians and Russians live here, making it easy to integrate into local society.

Despite the fact that Vilnius is not a major metropolis, its metropolitan status still affects it. Its modern rhythm, while not hectic, is nonetheless lively. Economic life is mainly concentrated in the business area (for information: the city produces almost a third of the country’s GDP), tourist life is centered around numerous sights and museums. Travelers, and locals, especially like to relax in the small cafes in the old town, the landscape which makes recognizable low, but long houses, covered with dark red tiles.

Many tourists tend to visit the Lithuanian capital not in season, but in December. It is because the Catholic Vilnius for Christmas literally transforms before your eyes. Townspeople dress up their apartment windows with candle lights, and the squares are flooded with illumination. The Christmas markets are especially distinctive, filled with the scents of gingerbread, hot chocolate, and mulled wine, one of the favourite drinks of Vilnius residents.

Vilnius on the Eve of Christmas and the New Year

Location and Climate

If you come to Vilnius in December or any other winter month, be prepared for a mild but cloudy and snowy winter in the city and a rather long one. It begins in late November and ends in mid-March. The coldest month is January, with temperatures dropping to -4.1 degrees Celsius. In the history of meteorological observations the temperature minimum of -37.2 degrees Celsius has been recorded in the city. Such cracking frosts are the result of the invasion of air masses from the Arctic. There are also warm spells in winter, when the temperature rises to +5 … +10 degrees Celsius.

Snowy January May in Vilnius Summer

The spring in the Lithuanian capital is protracted, with warm periods alternating with cold weather. The autumn is also quite prolonged. In general, the city of Vilnius is quite cloudy, which can be explained by moderate continental climate with maritime features, due to the proximity of the Baltic Sea. During the year there is almost 700 mm of precipitation. The peak of the wet season is usually in July (92 mm). The least rainfall occurs in February – 37 mm. Frequent Atlantic cyclones lead to an increase in precipitation in December as well, to 53 mm. In winter, snowy weather often alternates with fog.

The calendar summer comes in June, but you can’t expect a lot of warm days in Vilnius. The warmest month is July, with an average temperature of +17.9 ° C. However, although it is rare, the really hot days here also occur: the absolute temperature maximum of +35.4 ° C was recorded in the city. The warm season is also not without its winds, which are mostly moderate and blowing almost all the time.

History of Vilnius

Vilnius is an ancient city. Its territory was inhabited since Paleolithic times, so its “age” is comparable to Rome and Athens. The first wooden castle, according to historians, was built at the confluence of the rivers Vilnia and Neris about 1000. However, the official date of the foundation of the city is 1323, when it was first mentioned in written sources as the capital of the Lithuanian state. These sources refer to Duke Gediminas’ letters to Western European rulers, in which he invited representatives of various crafts, as well as priests and merchants, to his country.

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The earliest known image of Vilnius, dating from the late 14th century

In 1387, Vilnius acceded to the Magdeburg Law, under which economic and social and political activities, property rights, etc. were governed by its own set of legal rules. In the 15th century, crusader attacks on Vilnius became more frequent, which began to have a bad effect on its development. Favorable conditions returned after the Battle of Grunwald in 1410, which ended in victory over the latter. Vilnius began to be actively built up: Gothic stone buildings appeared, the old monasteries and guilds were expanded and new ones created, the City Hall appeared, and several Orthodox churches were built.

Vilnius in 1576.

In 1471 there was a fire in the city, after which it was rebuilt and new streets were added.

In the 15th-17th centuries, Vilnius was the center of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and one of the largest cities in Eastern Europe. In 1579 a university was founded here, the first in the country, which became famous for its teaching staff and renowned graduates – famous scientists. At that time Vilnius was open to all newcomers, and over time communities of Poles and Germans, Russians and Jews, Karaites and other nationalities were formed here. In those ancient times the city flourished not only in science, but also in handicrafts and trade. During the Great Northern War (18th century) Vilnius was invaded by both Swedish and Russian troops.

Church of St. Johns, 1850.

In 1795 the city, together with the greater part of Lithuania, was annexed to the Russian Empire. This happened after the next (third and last) partition of the Polish-Lithuanian state – Rzeczpospolita. The former capital became the center of Vilna province, the Magdeburg law self-government was abolished, and it was equalized with other Russian cities.

The new authorities undertook to improve the appearance of Vilnius: they ordered to tear down a large part of the lower castle and the fortification wall with gates. The Ostrobram Gate was left untouched, because the chapel on it housed an image of the Blessed Virgin Mary. Russian rule briefly interrupted during the Patriotic War of 1812. This period in the history of the town is called “pranzematis” (“under the French”), it was associated with the hopes of regaining independence, which due to the defeat of Napoleon were not justified.

The narrow streets of the Old Town

After the war, Vilnius became the center of cultural and scientific life. The local university flourished, various societies were formed – even a Masonic lodge was formed. The city’s population grew, and by the beginning of the 19th century it was already the third largest city in this part of Eastern Europe after Moscow and St. Petersburg. Measured life continued until a revolt by the students of the university in 1830, which was joined by other educational institutions. It was violently suppressed by the authorities, and the university itself was closed in 1832. A new uprising in 1863 ended in defeat and resulted in even greater repression. In spite of this, the economy of the city developed, and from the end of the 19th century active construction took place.

Panorama of Vilnius from 1600

Vilnius at the beginning of the 20th century was characterized by an active political life, aimed at the restoration of national independence. In 1914 the First World War began, the territory of Lithuania was occupied by Germany, with which the negotiations on the autonomous status began. But already in February 1918 the independence of the state was proclaimed, recognized by the German government. However, in 1920 Vilnius and its surrounding regions were occupied by Poland and became the administrative center of the Vilna Voivodeship. In 1939, according to the treaty between the two countries, the city returned to Lithuania. In 1940, with its joining the Soviet Union and the formation of the Lithuanian SSR, Vilnius became the capital of the union republic.

A Lithuanian soldier looks at Vilnius

The Great Patriotic War, which began in 1941, led to the devastation of the city, many quarters were destroyed to the ground by the Nazis. Most of the valuable architectural monuments remained intact: almost all luxurious palaces, Catholic, Lutheran and Evangelical Lutheran churches, and Reformed Evangelical churches remained intact. After the war, many of the buildings were demolished because they were severely damaged, and it would have cost much more to rebuild them than to build new ones. Other buildings that suffered less were reconstructed. In general, the Soviet government during the period from 1945 to 1991, when Lithuania was part of the USSR, did not allocate sufficient funds for the maintenance of historic buildings. The churches and ancient mansions were not used as intended and lost their authenticity.

On 11 March 1990, the Supreme Soviet of the then Soviet Socialist Republic of Lithuania, which met in Vilnius, passed an Act restoring the independence of the Republic of Lithuania, and the city became the capital of the sovereign state again. The Soviet Union de jure recognized the independence of Lithuania only on September 6, 1991. After that, Soviet monuments were torn down in the city, streets and squares were returned to their original historical names, and churches, cathedrals and monasteries were returned to their respective religious communities.

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Attractions

As one of Europe’s oldest cities, Vilnius impresses with its wealth of architectural forms and variety of styles, especially in the Old Town. The Lithuanian capital has many old mansions, towers and religious buildings, for which it has been nicknamed the “Baroque City”. Most of the historical monuments are concentrated on the central Piles street and in the vicinity of the Cathedral and Town Hall squares.

Vilnius Old Town Gediminas Tower

One of the leading historical monuments and certainly the hallmark of Vilnius is the 20-meter Gediminas’ (or Gediminas’) Tower – the western one in the Upper Vilna Castle. The tower has three floors of octagonal form, and red bricks and unhewn rubble stone were used to build it. The yellow-green-red flag of Lithuania is flying on the flagpole of the tower. You can go up to the tower on foot (there was a spiral-shaped path running up the slope in 1895-1896) or by the funicular railway built in 2003.

Tourists especially want to visit the observation deck, which offers a magnificent panorama of the old town and the valley of Vilna. The Gediminas Tower is a branch of the Lithuanian National Museum, which has been operating since 1960. Its exposition, specially dedicated to the history of Vilnius, presents many archaeological artifacts, samples of weapons and military armor, and models of city castles. The tower’s neighbors on Castle Hill are fragments of the Upper Castle, namely, part of the defensive wall and the foundations of its southern tower.

View from the tower of the evening Vilnius Ostrea Brama

One of the main attractions of Vilnius is also considered to be the Aušros Gate (or Ostreja Brama), built back in the middle of the 16th century. Once the city was surrounded by a stone fortress wall with ten gates, of which only these have survived. They are also called the Gates of the Dawn or Medina Gates. On its facade you can see artistic symbols of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania – griffins. In the 17th century, Carmelite monks built a chapel in the upper part of the gate, which even today houses an icon called the Madonna of Vilnius, which is highly revered in the Catholic world.

Now let’s move on to the Vilnius Cathedral – very beautiful, majestic, reminiscent of the classical temples of ancient Hellas. According to some reports, there was a temple in its place until the 13th century in which the pagan thunder god Perkunas was worshipped. The first temple on this site was built in the early 1400s at the command of King Mindhaus. In the centuries that followed the temple fell victim to floods and fires many times, it was repeatedly destroyed and then rebuilt, changing its appearance. In 1990, the then Soviet Lithuanian authorities returned it to the ownership of the Roman Catholic Church. After a grandiose restoration, the Cathedral got its modern look.

Vilnius Cathedral

Many tourists dream of visiting Montmartre. But why go to Paris when you can find your own Montmartre in Vilnius? The Uzupis Quarter was a small neighborhood that was a starting point for the sprawling city of Vilnius back in the 14th century. At first it was inhabited by tanners and millers, and from the 19th century it was taken up by the petty bourgeoisie and civil servants. One of its famous natives is the notorious Felix Dzerzhinsky. Fun facts: representatives of creative professions at the end of the 90s proclaimed the “sovereignty of the Republic of Uzhupis” and even established the celebration of “Independence Day” on April 1. Among the sights of the quarter are the Gonesti Palace, the cloister of the Bernardine nuns, the Church of St. Bartholomew, and, of course, the sculpture of the trumpeting angel, the main symbol of Užupis.

Užupis Quarter The sculpture of the trumpeting angel

Another Late Baroque monument in Vilnius is the Church of the Holy Spirit, which towers majestically over the Old Town. It was built during the reign of Prince Gediminas in 1408. Three centuries later the church was handed over to the Dominican monks, and two hundred years later it was badly damaged by a fire, which required substantial rebuilding.

The external appearance of the temple is quite modest, but its interior interiors in rococo style impress even the most sophisticated tourists. The Church of the Holy Spirit is also famous for its dungeons, which have several stories. There is also the largest burial place of the XVII-XVIII centuries on its territory. During the Soviet period, unlike other religious institutions, this church continued to operate.

One of the largest Gothic complexes in the city is the Church of St. Francis and St. Bernard. It is older and noticeably taller than St. Anne’s Church, but forms a single architectural ensemble with the latter. In the XVI-XVIII centuries, the building had a series of reconstructions and acquired features of Renaissance architecture, which softened a little bit the strict lines inherent in the Gothic style. The exterior, again, is quite modest, but inside the religious building is striking in its beauty. There are three stone and eleven wooden altars decorated with wooden figures. The oldest crucifix in the republic, dating back to the XIV century, is kept here. In the richest church library there are books and manuscripts, which are simply priceless.

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Church of the Holy Spirit inside the Church of St. Francis and St. Bernard in Vilnius

As for the modern attractions of the Lithuanian capital, we would like to highlight the 326-meter Vilnius TV Tower. It is interesting not only as an architectural object in itself, but also the Milky Way restaurant, which is located here at a height of 165 meters. A magnificent panorama of the city opens up from this height, and not only: even the town of Ostrovets in neighboring Belarus can be seen from here in clear weather. Since 2000, every Christmas the TV Tower has been decorated with Christmas decorations. When the 2006 Basketball World Championship was held in Vilnius, a basketball hoop was put on it. On the first floor is a photo exhibit commemorating the 14 people who died during the storming of the Vilnius Telecenter in January 1991.

St. Bartholomew’s Fair in Vilnius Vilnius TV Tower

If you want to see Vilnius in festive garb, you should definitely pay a visit here in the summer. The Medieval St. Bartholomew’s Fair, the International Art Fair and the Christopher’s Summer Festival will show us the already beautiful city at its best.

Vilnius

Vilnius (Lithuania) – the most detailed information about the city with photos. The main attractions of Vilnius with descriptions, maps and guides.

City of Vilnius (Lithuania)

Vilnius – the capital and the largest city of Lithuania, located in its southeastern part, 30 km from the border with the Republic of Belarus. Vilnius is a city of amazing charm, with Europe’s largest baroque old town, a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In Lithuania’s capital you can walk for hours among cobblestone old streets, admire beautiful architecture and breathtaking panoramas from the hills, explore sights and cultural monuments, discover interesting places, and feel like a hero of Sir Max Fry’s “Tales of Old Vilnius”.

What to do (Vilnius):

Vilnius and Trakai castles. Immerse yourself in the atmosphere of ancient Lithuania

€183 per tour.

Vilnius and Trakai Castles. Immerse yourself in the atmosphere of ancient Lithuania

Learn the most important things from the history of medieval Lithuania on auto-tour around the beauty of its two capitals

Trakai, residence of Lithuanian Princes

€144 per tour

Trakai – residence of Lithuanian Princes

The Outstanding Architectural Heritage of Lithuania and the Culture of its Unique People

Geography and Climate

The city of Vilnius is situated in south-eastern Lithuania, at the confluence of the Vilnia and Vilia rivers near the border with Belarus. The relief is a hilly plain. The surrounding area is a picturesque forests and lakes. This is the only Baltic capital that is located at a significant distance from the sea coast.

Vilnius has a moderate continental climate, strongly influenced by the Baltic Sea. It is characterized by cool summers and fairly mild but rather snowy winters. More than 600 mm of precipitation falls each year. During the year cloudy weather prevails.

Winter Vilnius

Winter Vilnius

Tourist Information

  1. The population of Vilnius is more than half a million people of which: 63% Lithuanians, 16% Poles and 12% Russians.
  2. Official language is Lithuanian.
  3. The currency is the euro.
  4. Vilnius is a green city. Almost half of the area is green.
  5. Visas are Schengen.

Best time to visit

It is difficult to say when the best time to go to Vilnius. The city is good in almost any weather and season. But still the best time in terms of weather is May and September, and in terms of atmosphere you can also add winter (especially the Christmas holiday period).

History

Vilnius was founded in the 13th century. There is a beautiful legend connected with the foundation of the city. Once upon a time, the Lithuanian Grand Duke Gedinimas (Gedimin) hunted in the vicinity of the future city. After the hunt, he stayed here for the night. And he had a dream that on the hill where the prince slayed the mighty auroch stands a huge steel wolf and howls loudly at the moon. The prince awoke and ordered to call a wise wise wise man, who interpreted the dream as follows: “A new city will arise in this place, and its fame will be so great that it will reach the ends of the world. Gedinimas began building the new city, which later became the capital of Lithuania. The new city was named after the small river Vilnia, on which it was built.

A bird's eye view of Vilnius

A bird’s eye view of Vilnius

The main historical milestones of Vilnius:

  • 1323 – first mention of the city
  • 1387 – Vilnius receives city rights.
  • 1410 – The Polish-Lithuanian army defeats the German knightly orders. Lithuania becomes one of the largest countries in Europe.
  • End of the 15th century – Vilnius becomes one of the central cities of the Baltic and the eastern part of Central Europe.
  • First half of the 16th century – a printing house opens in the city, urban water supply begins to operate.
  • 1569 – Vilnius loses its former importance after the unification of Poland and Lithuania. Warsaw becomes the capital of the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
  • 1579 The University is opened in Vilnius
  • The 17th century – the city was severely destroyed during the Russian-Polish wars.
  • 1795 – Lithuania becomes part of the Russian Empire, and Vilnius becomes the center of the province.
  • 1862 – construction of the St. Petersburg-Vilnius-Warsaw railroad.
  • 1918 Lithuania proclaims its independence.
  • 1920 – occupation by Poland. 1920: Occupation by Poland. Kaunas becomes the capital city.
  • 1940, Lithuania becomes part of the USSR. During World War II Vilnus was occupied by German troops. Despite damages during the war, the old town survived on the whole.
  • 1990 – Lithuania becomes an independent state.
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How to get there

Vilnius Airport is situated 6 km from the city center. It is the largest civilian airport in Lithuania and connects the country with most major European cities: Moscow, Riga, Rome, Paris, Vienna, Milan, Warsaw, Bremen, Madrid and Oslo. From the airport you can get to the old city by bus 1,2, 3G and train. Also by train you can get to Vilnius from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Minsk, Kaliningrad and Warsaw.

There are bus connections with almost all cities in Lithuania, Riga, Tallinn, Warsaw, St. Petersburg, etc. A modern highway connects Vilnius and Kaunas.

Shopping

From souvenirs most often buy amber items, woolen items, hats and crockery. There are a lot of stores in the old town. You can find everything from souvenirs and trinkets to electronics and branded goods. On Stiklių Street you can find products of local clothing manufacturers and on Pilies Street souvenir shops.

In Lithuanian cuisine, the most common dishes are potato dishes: potato meatballs and salads, zepellini, kugeli, potato pancakes. Other traditional dishes are: dumplings with various fillings, dumplings, blinis, kibinis, pickled herring with potatoes, hot and cold smoked sausages, cheeses, meat, vegetable and game soups, mushrooms. In summer, we recommend you to try the famous Lithuanian cold borscht.

Panorama of Vilnius

Vilnius panorama

Attractions

Vilnius Old Town is the largest in Eastern Europe. Among the ancient streets you can find interesting sights, masterpieces of Baroque and Classicism, traces of the Gothic past, numerous sacral buildings and cultural monuments.

Main attractions in Vilnius

The Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania is the oldest place in Vilnius, inhabited since the 4th century. It was here in the 13th century that the first fortifications of the future city emerged. For a long time this place had been the residence of Lithuanian grand dukes and the center of the whole Lithuanian state. The castle had Gothic features until the 16th century, when it was rebuilt into a magnificent Renaissance palace. In the 17th century the residence acquired Baroque features. The palace was demolished in the late 18th century and restored only in the 2000s. Inside there are interesting expositions related to its history.

Palace of Lithuanian Princes in Vilnius

Palace of Lithuanian Princes in Vilnius

Gedimin’s tower on the castle mountain – the legendary founder of Vilnius. Here you can see the ruins of the old castle from the 14th-17th centuries and enjoy the magnificent panorama of the old city.

Castle tower on Gedinimas Hill

The Castle Tower on Mount Gediminas

The Vilnius Artillery Bastion was built in the early 16th century by Grand Duke Alexander of Lithuania. It is a powerful fortified brick and earth fortification structure with a tower.

Vilnius Artillery Bastion

Vilnius Artillery Bastion

Vilnius University is one of the oldest universities in the Baltic and Eastern Europe, founded in the second half of the 16th century. The image of the university was formed over several centuries, so it is possible to catch many architectural styles: Gothic, Renaissance and Baroque.

Sharp Gate (Aušros Vartai)

Sharp Gate (Aušros Vartai)

The Sharp Gate (Aušros Vartai or Zari Gate) is a city gate from the early 16th century that is one of the symbols of Vilnius. It received its modern appearance in the 19th century in the style of Classicism. Now there is a chapel with a famous icon of the Virgin Mary the Merciful, which is one of the main masterpieces of Lithuanian Renaissance painting.

The Town Hall is one of the oldest buildings in Vilnius, built in the 14th century. Originally a Gothic building, it was constantly changing until in the 18th century it acquired a modern appearance in the Classicist style.

The Presidential Palace is a classicist style building that is the residence of the President of Lithuania. It has been known since the 16th century as the residence of the Vilnius bishops.

Cathedral Square

Cathedral Square and the Gedimin Monument

Cathedral Square is the heart of Old Vilnius. The starting point for Gedimin Avenue and the terminus for Castle Street, which is pedestrianized. The square is a masterpiece of Classicism. There is a cathedral and a high bell tower, a monument to the founder of Vilnius – Gedimin.

Sacral Architecture

Vilnius boasts remarkable sacral architecture. If you look at the city panorama, it may seem that the capital of Lithuania is literally bristling with church spires. And this is not an illusion. In Vilnius, you can find more than 40 religious institutions of various denominations. In this regard, the Lithuanian capital can handicap almost any city in Europe. Most of the churches are Christian. They were built in the Baroque and Classicist architectural styles.

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St. Anne’s Church is a masterpiece of late Gothic. It is interesting that in the five centuries of its existence, the appearance of the church has remained virtually unchanged. In the baroque old town, the church stands out strikingly for its architecture and is one of the symbols of Vilnius. A pseudo-Gothic bell tower was built nearby. Behind the church of St. Anne is the Franciscan Church of St. Bernardine and St. Francis. It is interesting that this church could have been used also for defense.

St. Anne Church

Church of St. Anne

Church of St. Raphael is a late Baroque Catholic monastery, which belonged to the Jesuits. Located near the Green Bridge.

St. Raphael Church

St. Raphael Church

The cathedral is the main Catholic church in Lithuania and has the status of a basilica. It is located on the Cathedral Square in Vilnius. The history of the Cathedral goes back to the 14th century (practically to the time of the foundation of the city). Great men of the country are buried there: great Lithuanian princes, bishops and noblemen. The church used to be Gothic, but was later rebuilt in Classicist style. Nearby is a 57-meter bell tower, which was part of the city fortifications. In the 17th century on the tower were installed clock.

Cathedral

Cathedral

The Church of St. Casimir is the first baroque church in Lithuania, built by the Jesuits in the image of the Roman temple of Jesus.

Church of St. Casimir

St. Casimir’s Church

The Franciscan Church is an old Gothic church with Baroque elements. Next to it there is the oldest Lithuanian monastery.

Franciscan Church

Franciscan church

Church of St. Peter and Paul is a masterpiece of Lithuanian Baroque. It is an ancient temple from the 17th century, famous for its thousands of statues.

Church of Saints Peter and Paul

Church of St. Peter and Paul

St. Michael’s Church is a Renaissance, Gothic and Baroque church of the first half of the 17th century. There is a museum of church heritage.

St. Michael's Church

St. Michael’s Church

Church of St. Teresa – Baroque church. In it you can see the perfectly preserved interior of the 17th century and one of the most beautiful altars in Lithuania.

Church of St. Teresa

St. Teresa Church

St. Catherine’s Church is one of the most beautiful late Baroque churches in Vilnius. It belonged to the Benedictine Women’s Order. In the first half of the 18th century it received its present appearance.

Church of St. Catherine

Church of St. Catherine

All Saints Church – early Baroque church of the first half of the 17th century.

All Saints Church

All Saints Church

Church of St. Jacob and Philip is a Baroque church of the 17th century.

Saint James and Philip Church

Church of St. James and Philip

The Basilica Monastery and the Church of the Holy Trinity is a beautiful late Baroque ensemble with elements of other architectural styles.

Basilican Monastery and the Church of the Holy Trinity

The Basilica Monastery and the Church of the Holy Trinity

Lutheran Church – the first Lutheran cathedral in Vilnius built in the 16th century.

Lutheran Church

Lutheran church

The Church of St. Nicholas is an Orthodox church with an interesting history. At first there was a Gothic church from the beginning of the 16th century, which was rebuilt in the 17th century after a fire in the Baroque style. Then the church became Orthodox and was rebuilt in the Byzantine style.

Church of St. Nicholas

Church of St. Nicholas

Church of the Mother of God is a beautiful church from the early 20th century in Byzantine style.

Church of Mother of God

Church of Our Lady

Church of St. John is an ancient church that is part of the university. The history of the church begins in the 15th century. At that time it was a Gothic building, rebuilt in the 18th century in the Baroque style. Nearby is a 68-meter bell tower, which is one of the tallest buildings in old Vilnius.

Church of St. John

St. John’s Church

Synagogue – a choral synagogue from the beginning of the 20th century, built in the Moorish style.

Synagogue

Synagogue

Museums

The largest and most interesting museums in Vilnius:

  • The National Museum of Lithuania is one of the largest museums in Vilnius with exhibits on the history and culture of the state.
  • National Art Gallery – expositions of contemporary artists and sculptors.
  • Vilnius Picture Gallery – museum of Lithuanian paintings from the 16th to the 20th century.
  • Museum of Genocide Victims

Interesting places in Vilnius

  • Bernardino Cemetery
  • Large and Small Ghetto
  • Literators Street
  • Kalvarija

Panoramic views

The best panoramic views of Vilnius:

  • Bastion Hill
  • Castle Hill
  • Vilnius TV Tower
  • Three Crosses Hill
  • Cathedral Belfry

Interesting excursions

Vilnius for Children and Adults

€63 per excursion

Vilnius for children and adults

Exciting tours to see the local fairytale characters and the most interesting sights

Medieval Vilnius: Night Walk

€65 per tour

Medieval Vilnius: Evening Walk

Hear ancient legends and unusual facts while wandering the mysterious streets of the Old Town

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