The Tower of Pisa
Leaning tower of Pisa is one of the most famous and popular attractions in Italy. Moreover, it is one of the most recognizable symbols of the country, its calling card. The Tower of Pisa is located in the city of Pisa in Tuscany, just 10 km away from the warm and gentle Ligurian Sea. The tower is a bell tower and is part of the architectural ensemble of the local Cathedral of the Assumption of the Blessed Virgin Mary or Santa Maria Assunta (Duomo Santa Maria Assunta).
Save money on your trip!
Video: Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Tower of Pisa has become a noun for unstable or falling structures
How could a seemingly typical bell tower at the temple of the most ordinary city become world famous? It’s because of its slant, which creates the illusion of falling. And although it is not intentional and is in no way a consequence of unprofessionalism of builders, the visual effect is impressive – for centuries!
Meanwhile, the name of the building has undeservedly become a synonym for unfortunate construction. The architects and builders of that time had indeed made a serious miscalculation, having begun to build the Tower of Pisa on an area with excessively soft ground. But this had no effect on the historical and cultural value of the landmark: the Tower of Pisa is still standing out today among the many oldest and most beautiful monuments in the Apennines.
In general, there are about three hundred “falling” buildings in the world. But the unique beauty of the airy, openwork arcades, the famous bell tower and the rich history of the Tower of Pisa make it a priceless architectural treasure, setting it apart from the rest. And so it is well deserved that in 1986 it, together with the cathedral, the adjacent square and the baptistery, was included in the list of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
Corinthian Order Columns Pisa Cathedral and Tower
History of the Tower of Pisa
Construction of the Leaning Tower of Pisa lasted almost 200 years with long interruptions. It began during the heyday of the Republic of Pisa as a maritime state (incidentally, the first Italian maritime power). The construction of the architectural ensemble was planned at a distance from the city center.
Stages of the construction of the Tower of Pisa
The first stage of construction of the Tower of Pisa was led by Guglielmo Innsbruck and Bonnano Pisano. On August 9, 1173 work began. At first, the date was different, 1174, until the researchers realized that it was corrected: the Republic had its own calendar, which was a full year ahead of the accepted one.
The observation deck of the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The foundations were first laid three meters deep. Then, as usual, they waited for a year. It was then, after the first floor and two tiers of colonnades had been built, that the leaning of the Leaning Tower of Pisa became noticeable. Work was halted. In 1198 the soil was strengthened and the building was opened. The interesting fact remains that the tower tilted in different directions during construction: first to the north, then to the south.
The next stage began 35 years later, at the end of 1233. Benenato, son of Gerardo Botici, took over the management of such a complex object. About this time half of the Tower of Pisa had been built.
In front of the Tower of Pisa is the sculpture "Fountain of Cupids"
Great progress in the work was made when Giovanni di Simone became involved in the construction. At the end of 1264, stone mining for the tower began in the mountains near Pisa. The material was processed by master Reynaldo Speshale.
View of the Tower of Pisa from below upwards
Since 1272 Giovanni di Simone supervised the construction of the Tower of Pisa. He decided to try to compensate for the slope by raising the ceiling on one side by 10 centimetres. But his hopes did not materialize: this only increased the curvature. In 1275 the 5th floor was completed. The deviation from the central axis exceeded 50 centimeters.
In 1284, the Republic of Pisa suffered a crushing defeat at the Battle of the Island of Meloria for domination of the Mediterranean Sea. A period of decline began and construction was halted again.
Steps in the Tower of Pisa
The next mention of the erection of the Tower of Pisa dates back to 1319. A bell was raised to the sixth tier and placed in the opening of the arch. The final stage of construction was supervised by Tomasso. He was the son of Andrea Pisano, the famous Italian architect, architect and goldsmith. In 1350 the construction of the bell tower began. Finally, in 1372 the grandiose construction was completed. By the time the work was completed, the deviation from the central axis was 1.43 meters.
The Leaning Tower of Pisa turned out to be quite different from what was originally planned. Instead of a 10-storey building, 98 meters high with a roof over the bell tower, only 8 storeys were built. Today the building is 55.86 meters on the south side and 56.7 meters on the north side.
The main question associated with the construction of the Tower of Pisa has always been, “Why is it falling?” There have been many theories about it. There was even a daring assumption that it was designed that way. The most probable reason for the slope is considered to be an insufficiently deep foundation in conditions of heterogeneous clay soil, prone to subsidence.
The Tower of Pisa in detail
Although the Tower of Pisa itself is tilted, the bell tower, built in the second half of the 14th century on top of the tower, stands flatter
The outer and inner diameter of the base of the Tower of Pisa are 18.484 m and 10.368 m respectively. The weight of the tilted Italian beauty is 14700 tons. It has 294 steps. The thickness of the walls at the base is also impressive – 4.05 meters on average, which decreases to the top (at the base it is 4.9 m, and at the height of the galleries it is already 2.48 m). The current inclination of the tower is estimated by experts at 3° 54′.
The Tower of Pisa at sunset.
The features of Romanesque, Byzantine and Arabian cultures are discernible in the appearance of the grandiose construction. To some scholars the Tower of Pisa resembles a mosque or minaret. It is noteworthy that the bell tower is at a distance from the cathedral, which is not characteristic of Christian churches. It suggests that the bell tower might have been influenced by a Muslim architectural tradition. Or vice versa: the idea of a freestanding bell tower first appeared in Christian church architecture, and the younger Islam took it over. Many scholars and religious scholars are still arguing about this, and no common denominator has been reached.
The lunette of the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Tower of Pisa is made of stone, richly decorated with light gray and white marble. The first floor is monolithic, with blind arches, which are formed by 15 columns with caissons. Rosettes, with which they are decorated, repeat the decor of the cathedral and the baptistery. There are six further storeys. The external wall of each storey is an open gallery decorated with a fanciful pattern and ornament. The thirty columns of each tier have classical capitals and are supported by enclosed arches. These graceful arcades are repeated in the cathedral building, uniting the whole ensemble. The decorative ornamentation embodies the features of Byzantine architecture.
Above the sixth tier of arcades there is a bell tower. The bell tower is less deflected from the central axis and stands flat. This gives the appearance of the building a banana shape. At the entrance to the Tower of Pisa one can see amazing bas-reliefs. At the top, in the space between the arches, is a sculpture of the Madonna and Child by Andrea Gardi. The inner cylinder of the tower is made of brick. The space between the walls is hollow. It can be seen from the tower through the observation windows. The building has three spiral staircases.
Spiral staircase from tier 7 to 8
Inside the Tower of Pisa is a huge open hall decorated with bas-reliefs depicting fantastic animals. Around the circumference of the wall a spiral staircase leads to the upper tier. They are wide at the foot, but only about 40 centimetres wide at the top. The stairs are made of marble, and are worn in some places. The stairs lead to the observation deck of the tower.
Tourists are happy to visit the Hall of Fishes. It is so called because of the images of marine animals. Previously this room was closed to guided tours. Here were the instruments that tracked the angle of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. In the ceiling of the room through the hole at night you can see the stars. An unforgettable experience, as if you were in a real observatory.
The Hall in the Tower of Pisa View of the Hall from Above
The bell tower
The bell tower is rightly considered the most beautiful in Italy, and it appeared in the Leaning Tower of Pisa only in the second half of the 14th century. Each of the seven bells is set to a different note and has its own history. The first, the oldest, is called Pasquarreccia, made in the mid-13th century. It is tuned to G-flat. The Tertz bell is responsible for the B-sharp note and appeared in the belfry in 1473. The bell of Vespruccio was cast in 1501 (note E). Vincenzo Posenti made the Crocifisso bell (C-sharp), which was remelted by the master Gualandi da Prato in 1818.
Bell Tower of Pisa View of the Cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta from the Tower of Pisa
During the Second World War the bell of Dal Pozzo was destroyed. After the restoration it was placed in a museum. On the bell tower since 2004 is its exact replica. The largest bell, Assunta (the name translates as “ascension”), is in the B note. It weighs 3.5 tons and was made by Giovanni Pietro Orlandi. In 1735 the bell was melted down.
Pisans and visitors to the city can enjoy the church’s chime at noon sharp. It is impossible to describe its beauty and melody – you should definitely hear it for yourself!
A sunny day in Pisa
Almost from the beginning of construction efforts were made to straighten the Tower of Pisa. The first commission was established in 1298. Over the centuries, people have tried to save this architectural marvel. To preserve the unique construction unprecedented measures are being taken in our time as well. Only by 2008 was it possible to stop the “fall” of the tower.
The Tower of Pisa is more than 650 years old since its completion, making it one of the oldest buildings not only in the city, but also in the country as a whole. Without restoration work, the Tower of Pisa could hardly have been saved, a view that almost all architects and historians agree on. Measures to maintain the object in its original form were carried out in different epochs and, accordingly, differed in complexity: from replacement of the crumbling columns outside the building to melting of the bells. And to keep the Tower of Pisa from collapsing, to preserve it, truly titanic efforts were made. In 1934 liquid cement was introduced into the foundation.
The entrance to the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Pisa authorities even announced a competition for the best option for “leveling” the building. There were many suggestions. Some were quite original. For example, to erect a monument to the “hapless” architect Bonnano Pisano to prop up his brainchild. Or to erect a symmetrical tower next to it, but with an opposite slope. The jokes, however, were taken seriously and an experimental model was built nearby.
Piazza dei Miracoli
In 1989, in the Italian town of Pavia (Lombardy Region) the bell tower of the cathedral collapsed. This caused concern: what if something similar would happen to the Tower of Pisa? It was decided in advance to take care of its preservation through another restoration. So, at the beginning of the 90s the site was closed to visitors. In 1992, 18 steel rings encircled the first arcade gallery. Lead counterweights with a total weight of 600 tons were placed on the north side of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. Safety supports were placed on the sloping side. First, the technique was tested on a mock-up, and only then did the unique work begin. The casing pipe system was used to literally drill bit by bit to remove soil from under the northern part of the structure. The goal was to achieve subsidence of the tower from this side and to level the structure.
At the top of the Leaning Tower of Pisa Bell
The Italian authorities allocated $27 million to save the legendary structure, and the enormous expense was rewarded. The angle of inclination was reduced by one and a half degrees. In 2001, the Tower of Pisa was reopened to tourists. Today the difference between the two sides of the foundation is about two meters. According to the optimistic predictions of the scientists the Tower of Pisa is expected to stand for at least another 300 years. As it has been announced, since 2008 there has been no greater deviation of the Leaning Tower of Pisa from its central axis, thanks to the efforts made so far. Prior to that every year the inclination increased by a millimeter.
To summarize the above, one thing can be noted: despite its “shaky position”, the Tower of Pisa has proved to be more stable than many “level” buildings, and not only in Italy. During its existence, it has survived several major earthquakes, but has survived and continues to delight not only travelers but also local residents with its view – distinctive and unique.
Myths, interesting facts
The famous astronomer Galileo Galilei, a native of Pisa, is said to have conducted his equally famous experiments on the tower. The scientist wanted to prove that all bodies, regardless of their mass, fall down with the same velocity. To do this, he dropped various objects from the Leaning Tower of Pisa and measured the time of the fall. Galileo, according to the claims of his student Vincenzo Viviani, also studied the amplitude of the oscillation of the pendulum from the walls of the tower. Unfortunately, these facts remain unconfirmed, although there is no reason to doubt their veracity or plausibility.
Standing in the Tower of Pisa you can see the starry sky
But the contribution to the construction of the Tower of Pisa by Donna Berta di Bernardo is proven. The woman bequeathed sixty soledos for its construction. This money was spent on the purchase of stones, which are still at the base of the bell tower today. In this way, the woman immortalized her name for posterity. She also sowed doubt about the actual people involved in the construction: in her message, she mentioned a certain Master Gerardo. It is also known that Diotisalvi was a builder in Pisa at the time, and it seems more likely that he was involved in the construction of the Leaning Tower of Pisa. But his work was usually signed by him, and if he was not left out of such a grandiose construction project, why is his autograph missing from the bell tower?
According to legend, the Tower of Pisa wanted to follow the architect.
An amusing legend explains the inclination of the Tower of Pisa. Allegedly the structure was originally perfectly straight. But the authorities did not want to settle accounts with the architect in full. He turned to his brainchild, “Come with me!” In front of an astonished public, the Tower of Pisa tilted. But, as we can see, it didn’t move. And, of course, it couldn’t have: it’s just a beautiful story, which, however, has a deeper meaning. It is possible, some historians suppose, that the architect was really underpaid…
The tower in Niles, USA
In the American city of Niles, in the state of Illinois (Chicago suburb), there is a counterpart of the Bizarre Pisa Water Tower, exactly copying the original, including the slope. True, its dimensions are half its size. And in the documentary film “Life after people”, also an American film, tells about the destruction of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, which, according to the authors, will happen only in 250 years.
The Aldehove Tower deviates from its axis more than the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The famous Italian beauty has world analogues. In the Netherlands, for example, this is the unfinished Oldehove Bell Tower, located in the historic center of Leuwarden, the capital of the province of Friesland. If we compare the two sites, it would not be in favor of the Tower of Pisa. In the sense that the Aldehove deviates even more from its central axis.
Two other “falling” towers are located in Russia, they are also often compared with the Leaning Tower of Pisa. The first is Suyumbike in the Kazan Kremlin (it was an observation building, first mentioned in 1777). It deviates noticeably to the northeast, and the slope of its spire is 1.98 m. The second one is Nevyanskaya tower, located in the center of Nevyansk of Sverdlovsk region (built in 1721-1745 by order of Russian businessman Akinfy Demidov). It deviates from the vertical by about 1.85 meters.
Suyumbike Tower Nevyansk Tower
But back to the Tower of Pisa. Our “evasive” heroine has also made her way into animated movies. It is mentioned in the popular Japanese animated series “The Round-the-World Voyage of the Cat in Boots,” made in 1969 by director Katsumata Tomohara. The Tower of Pisa was also featured in such modern U.S.-produced cartoons as “Phineas and Ferb” (2007) and “The Adventures of Mr. Peabody and Sherman” (2014), where it is also mentioned.
How to get there, hours of operation
The Tower of Pisa is part of an architectural complex that is located in the Piazza dei Miracoli, a very large, walled area whose name translates as “field of wonders.” In addition to the “falling” tower, it includes the cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta (Cathedral of Our Lady of the Ascension), the baptistery of San Giovanni and the monumental cemetery of Campo Santo.
The city can be reached from Genoa by train in two hours. The fare is about 20 euros. From Florence every half hour there is an electric train. The ticket price is about 8 euros, in one hour you can go to Pisa.
It is longer to go from Rome: by train the journey will take about three hours, the ticket will cost about 23 euros. The high-speed train will arrive one hour earlier, but the ticket costs 14 euros more. If you plan to stay in the city, a night in a hotel will cost 60-100 euros.
From the train station in Pisa you can get to the architectural complex on foot. The walk will take about half an hour. By public transport you can get to the Tower of Pisa much faster, you should get off at the stop Piza Rossore.
There is always a lot of people willing to support the Leaning Tower of Pisa.
It is better to take care of tickets in advance, especially during the summer. The cost of visiting the Leaning Tower of Pisa is 18 euros. Fairly expensive, but the municipal government in this way is trying to compensate for the huge costs of restoration work.
In the building of the ticket office there is a toilet for visitors. In the nearby building in the storage rooms you can leave things. The tower can accommodate a maximum of 40 visitors at a time. Exit to the external viewing platforms begins with the fifth tier. There are fences and nets installed for safety. If you can climb 294 stairs, the upper observation deck will offer beautiful views of the city, and below, as on the palm of your hand, will be the cathedral in the form of a cross.
Imagination is almost limitless!
Near the Leaning Tower of Pisa there are always a lot of tourists who take bright, memorable, sometimes funny photos against the background of the famous landmark. Someone “supports” the building, someone tries to climb it. The unique architectural structure gives a huge scope for imagination.
The Tower of Pisa is open to visitors in the summertime (April-September) from 8:30 to 20:30, in the wintertime (October-March) from 9 to 17 hours.
From June 14 to September 15, there are night visits. You can admire the picturesque views of the city during sunset, is admirable and lighted up the night Pisa.
Why is the Leaning Tower of Pisa
The Tower of Pisa in Pisa is the most famous among the falling towers. The history of the architectural landmark, the reasons for its fall, and when it will fall.
What country the Tower of Pisa was built in – any educated person knows. Located Tore pendente di Pisa in Italy and is an unusual piece of architecture is a symbol of the city of Pisa. It is the pearl of the religious complex Piazza dei Miracoli in the Piazza della Miracle.
History of the construction of the tower
August 1173. To complete the ensemble of the Square of Miracles, consisting of the Catholic Church of the Annunciation of the Blessed Virgin Mary (Duomo di Santa Maria Assunta), the cemetery of Campo Santo, the Baptistery of San Giovanni (Baptistero di San Giovanni, where the sacraments of baptism take place), the construction of the bell tower begins. The process lasted almost 200 years, interrupted and renewed. Many historians consider the first builder of the Tower of Pisa in Italy to be Gerardo di Gerardo.
1233. Construction continues under the direction of builder Benenato Botici.
1260. The construction process is further supervised by the worker Guido Speshale.
1264. The source of the decorative material is the mountains of Pisa, where workers are sent to extract marble. The grinding of the stone slabs is supervised by the craftsman Reynaldo Spechale.
1272. The further process of erection is resumed. Giovanni di Simone begins to level the slope of the tower structure, but his efforts fail.
1284. The naval battle of Meloria ends with the defeat of Pisa. This causes the construction to be temporarily halted.
1319. The seventh level of the structure is completed.
1350. Construction of the topmost floor of the bell tower is completed. Master Tommaso di Andrea Pisano builds a Romanesque bell tower.
There is disagreement among researchers about the year of completion. There are three supposed dates: 1350, 1360 or 1372.
The Italian city where the Tower of Pisa is located is known as the birthplace of the world-famous physicist and philosopher Galileo Galilei (1564). His student and follower Vincenzo Viviani wrote a biography of the scientist. He included a description of the experiments Galileo conducted to prove his theory about the relationship between the weight of a falling body and the speed of falling from a height. While on the upper floors of the tower, he simultaneously dropped objects of varying body weight downward.
Scientists’ opinions on this matter are divided. Skeptics believe this description is a legend. Most recognize the Pisa experiments of the scientist as a historical event.
An interesting fact. A record of one of the court books has been preserved. The record contains a complaint from a Pisa merchant. He was walking past the bell tower when objects fell from above: first a cannonball, then a gun bullet. He fell, seriously injuring his leg. The merchant asks the authorities to punish Galileo for dropping these things from above. Galileo’s own response is also recorded, arguing that no attention should be paid to the words of a man who does not distinguish between a rifle bullet and a musket bullet.
The architecture of the Torre pendente di Pisa
The building material was made from locally sourced blocks of stone. The marble of the Pisa Mountains decorates the façade in white with shades of gray. The portal is framed by bas-relief images of mythological creatures. The tympanum is ennobled by the statue of Our Lady by Italian sculptor Andrea Guardi.
The first level is an arcature, i.e. a series of arches of decorative character. The lower colonnade is 11 meters. The subsequent floors are surrounded by galleries. Each of the galleries is formed on the outer contour by columns, decorated with classical capitelles, which are supported by Romanesque closed arched structures.
The official height, recorded statistically, is 58.36 m. But it is noted that the highest side reaches 56.70 meters, the lowest 55.90 meters.
The base in diameter is 15.54 meters. Upward lead 294 marble steps.
The thickness of the walls is impressive:
- at the bottom – 4.90 meters;
- at the top – 2.48 meters.
According to contemporary data, the slope is 3 degrees 54′.
Interesting fact. Legend has it that the city government refused to pay money to the architect after the construction work was completed. He walked up to the tower column and put his hand to it and said: “Follow me!” The building leaned in the direction its creator had gone.
In essence, Pisa’s unique creation is a campanella (campanella), that is, a bell tower. The seventh level, the belfry, has arched openings for active bells. The musical instruments, endowed with names, correspond to the specific sounds of the musical scale. The biggest Assunta (Assumption) weighs 3 tons and 500 kilograms.
|Name of the bell||Sound||Date||Weight (kg)|
|La Pasquevereccia||G flat||mid-13th century||1014|
|La Terza||B sharp||1473||300|
|San Ranieri||D sharp||1735||1448|
Interesting Facts. The original Crocifisso bell was the work of the artisan Vincenzo Posenti, but it was melted down by another craftsman, Gualandi da Prato. The diminutive Dal Pozzo was seriously damaged during the Second World War and at the end of it the restored version became a museum exhibit. The appearance of its copy among the other active bells is 2004. San Ranieri has been melted down several times.
In medieval times, each bell had a strictly prescribed timetable for sounding. At the moment, before each mass of the current cathedral, a chime of the bells sounds.
Why the Leaning Tower of Pisa is falling
The authors of the project, Bonanno Pisano and Guglielmo Innsbruck, are credited with the origin of the unique “falling” feature. There is documentary evidence, a treatise by the Italian painter Giorgio Vasari (16th century). He argues that the causes of the “evil” that struck the bell tower were Bonanno and Guglielmo’s lack of practice.
One of the reasons is recognized as a mistake of the designers, who did not take into account the peculiarities of the soft soil, having laid a three-meter foundation. This led to the fact that already during the construction of the first floors began to deviate from the vertical (1178).
The tower construction began to deflect to the south, as the soil under the southern part of the foundation was more loose and unreliable. The engineers decided to build the wall higher (+ 10 centimeters) on the sloping side than on the other side. But the construction site began to slope in the opposite direction. Instead of the originally conceived 10 stories only 8 stories were built.
1934. Dictator Mussolini orders the Leaning Tower of Pisa to be restored to its vertical position. Another mistake was made, as the basement was reinforced with concrete, which caused the foundation to sink deeper than it should have.
1964. The Italian government, considering the importance of the unusual architectural structure for the tourism industry, decides to keep the axial deviation, but to prevent further destruction. The issue was studied by specialists in various fields: mathematics, engineering, history. It turned out that the masonry deforms due to the difference between day and night temperatures. The investigations lasted for 20 years.
Temporary measures were taken: the lead block structures of the northern part served as a counterbalance, and supports were installed to support them. Experimental studies were carried out on a concrete mock foundation, copying the tower data.
After discussing the proposed methods, it was decided to remove 38 cubic meters of soil under the north side. This measure led to the alignment to the level of 1838.
Correction of the structure was carried out until 2001. Having achieved stabilization of the slope, the tourist object was opened to visitors. Specialists promise that the Pisano-Romanesque monument will last at least 300 years.
Until 2008, despite the efforts of scientists and builders, the annual deviation was 1 mm.
The restoration of 2002-2010 reduced the slope from 5 degrees 30′ to 3 degrees 54′.
What the tower looks like inside
The stairway at the beginning of the climb is quite wide. The steps ascend in a spiral from the inside, then accompanied by a gradual decrease in size. The final level is characterized by 40 centimeters. The marble staircase of natural decorative material is worn in some places and has become quite slippery. Tourists are advised to wear comfortable shoes.
The central tower part is empty. From the observation decks on the inside you can look deep into the space.
Beginning at level 5, visitors have the opportunity to go to the outer viewing platforms, which are equipped with fences, nets for safety.
Some tourists prefer to finish the ascent on the 7th floor (belfry). The most daring climb to the upper observation deck, which has no safety net and its fence does not exceed 1 meter. There is a panorama of the entire religious ensemble.
Of interest to visitors is the Hall of Fishes, so named because of the bas-reliefs depicting sea creatures. Previously, the entrance was closed to tourists, as it was a room for the apparatus constantly measuring deviation. Among modern tourists it is popular to visit the hall at night. You can view the starry sky, like in an observatory.
An interesting fact. A replica of the “Italian Leaning Beauty” was built by Americans in Niles near Chicago, Illinois (1934). The copy reproduces the Pisa landmark in detail, but at half the size. An ordinary water tower is disguised by this design.
How to get to the tower
It is not difficult to reach the city of Pisa from various cities in Italy by train.
|City||Travel time (hour)||Cost|
|Rome (normal train)||3||23 EUR|
|Rome (high speed train)||2||37 EUR|
|Milan||3||48 EUR – 65 EUR|
From the station to the symbol of Pisa, tourists get
- On foot, spending 30-40 minutes,
- by public transport to the bus stop Piza Rossore for about 1 EUR,
- cab (about 6,30 EUR).
The main attraction of the Pisa complex is open daily, year-round:
- April – September – 8:30 a.m. – 8:30 p.m;
- October – March – 9.00 – 17.00;
- 14.06 – 15.09 – 20.30 – 23.00 – night visits.
Tower Visiting Rules:
- No entry is allowed less than 30 minutes before closing time.
- For security or public order reasons, or in special circumstances such as ceremonies, the schedule may be subject to change or some areas may be closed without notice.
- A visit is strongly discouraged to those who suffer from cardiovascular abnormalities or have fine motor problems.
- According to safety requirements, children under the age of 8 are not allowed inside. Tourists under 18 must be accompanied by an adult. Age-appropriate identification may be required.
- Ticket fixes the time of the tour. Late arrival at the right time will result in a refusal to attend, and also does not entitle you to claim a refund.
- Bags and other luggage are left before the entrance (the luggage room is a separate building) and are taken away after the end of the visit. It is allowed to bring a camera or a camera.
- The visit lasts about 35 minutes.
- Ticket price is 18 EUR (increases all the time).
- Free admission to visitors with disabilities, their companions, who provide the appropriate document to the cashier and fill out a special form.
- No more than 30-40 people are allowed inside at a time.
- It is recommended to buy tickets in advance. Excursions are scheduled 1-2 days in advance (especially in the summer there are a lot of people who want to go).
Popular hotels near the tower
|Hotel name||Distance to the city center (km)||Price for 2 rooms, 1 night|
|Camping Village Torre Pendente||1,43||3136 RUR|
|Maison Dei Miracoli||0,49||3465 RUR|
|Hotel Cecile||0,34||4082 RUR|
|Alla Torre Con Vista||1,01||6067 RUR|
|dinner (2 persons)||31,50 EUR|
|dinner, including wine (2 persons)||58,45 EUR|
|Bigmack, French fries, Coke||8,15 EUR|
|cappuccino (1 cup)||1.20 EUR|
|coke (0.33l)||1,85 EUR|
|mineral water (0,33l)||1 EUR|
|local beer (0,33l)||4 EUR|
Other soaring towers in the world
The world-famous Italian city where the Leaning Tower of Pisa is located has two more non-vertical architectural structures:
- The Campanella of St. Nicholas Church, Via Santa Maria;
- the bell tower of the Church of the Archangel Michael (degli Scalzi), Piaget Park.
Various statistical sources count approximately 300 “leaning” tower structures known throughout the world. It is possible to divide this list into two groups, depending on whether the design was originally conceived to be tilted.
The most notable among the structures by design that involve “tilting” are the following.
- The “Capital Gate” skyscraper, Abu Dhabi, UAE has a height of 160 meters and an 18° inclination. It was built using a unique diagonal grid technology. It expands from the base to the upper floors.
- The Olympic stadium tower (Montreal, Quebec, Canada) was built for the Olympic Games in 1976. Its slope is 45° and its height is 165 meters. It is held at an incline thanks to the foundation, weighing 145 thousand tons, which was sunk 10 meters underground.
- The Bella Sky Hotel, Copenhagen, Denmark is two oppositely curved towers. Each has a height of 76.5 m, the angle of deviation is 15 °.
- The two skyscraper towers of the “Gateway of Europe”, Madrid, Spain, are facing each other. Their height is 114 m, the angle is 15°.
Among the architectural creations leaning under the influence of certain conditions stand out:
- Tower of the Catholic Church of San Juan de los Panets, Zaragoza, Spain. The slope is 2°. Earlier in its place there was another structure with a city clock, inclined at 2.3 m and demolished in 1893.
- The bell tower of the Oudekerk church in Delft, Netherlands, is 75 m high and began to tilt because of poor foundations. The slope stabilized to 1, 98 meters from the central axis.
- The bell tower of the church of Zuurhusen, Lower Saxony, Germany has a deflection of 5.19 degrees and a height of 27.4 meters. The reason for the “fall” is also the unreliable foundation. Stabilized the position by 1996.
- Yunnan Pagoda, Xizhou, China, was erected in 961 with a height of 47 m. Its unstable position is determined by the negative effects of weather conditions. It deviated by 2.32 m.
Russia was no exception. Its “falling” tower landmark was built according to the decree of Peter the Great in Nevyansk. The construction dates back to the 17th century. The height of the structure is 57.5 m. The deviation of the upper part is 2.20 m. Three versions of its deviation are described:
- a special design,
- subsidence of the ground,
- from the suffering and tears of ordinary people.
Interesting fact. The 6th floor gives guests the opportunity to visit the mysterious “hearing room”. The unique design allows you to observe an unusual phenomenon. Two people, standing with their backs to each other in opposite corners, can clearly hear each other’s whispers. In the middle of the room there is absolute silence.
Many mysteries conceal the non-standard “falling” structures of the world. But tourists traveling in Italy tend to visit the city of Pisa to see the architectural wonder that is under the patronage of UNESCO.