Aramashevo: weekend itinerary for lovers of nature and antiquity
This is the place where wild rivers carry their waters free from ice, where winds roam free in the fields, where freedom is endless, and the sun gilds the manes of the horses in the meadow.
We go to the depths of the Ural Mountains, to the world of wooden huts, old churches, folk traditions, water and rocks. We go to Aramashevo – to touch the colorful peasant life of bygone centuries, to walk in the open space and conquer the unusual route on the rocks – Via-ferrata. The route will be suitable for families with children, nature lovers, rock climbers and all inquisitive explorers of the Urals. Extremes will find here rock climbing trails, and fans of water adventures are advised to take watercraft – and make a water tour around the picturesque surroundings.
How to reach Aramashevo
From Yekaterinburg to Aramashevo – 116 km by Rezhevsky path. You can get there easier by car or by bus. But if you don’t forget that the public transportation stops not in the village itself but on the corner to it you will have to call a cab or walk a couple of kilometers. Journey time is a little over two hours, tickets from 427 ₽. The electric train is not recommended: it takes four hours to the nearest station Samotsvet.
The village stood on the border with nomads
Aramashevo was founded in 1631 for the development of agriculture and protection against nomad raids – from the Church stone on the high bank of the River Rezh and now well visible all the valley and the opposite rocky bank. Aramashevskaya Sloboda stood on the ancient Chusov way to Siberia – and the river in ancient times served as the border between nomadic tribes and Russian settlers-farmers. Wooden stockaded town, once defending the settlement, did not remained, but the tower from Aramashevsky stockaded town can be seen in the open air museum of wooden architecture in Nizhnya Sinyachikha – we recommend to all lovers of ancient architecture, Russian way of life and of course to photographers.
The Kazan church and the Church stone
From the highway you can easily see the Church of Our Lady of Kazan which is built on a 40-meter cliff on the river bank. Leave your car at the parking lot near the church and go for a walk through the picturesque village.
The first wooden church in the village was built along with the ostrog, it burned down several times after nomads’ raids.
The stone church of the Kazan icon of the Mother of God was consecrated in 1800. In Soviet times, the church was closed, the bell was thrown from the stone into the river, and the bell tower was dismantled. The church was restored only 15 years ago. Nowadays the picturesque church on the high bank of the river is again the architectural dominant feature of Aramashevo and a tourist attraction.
You can go up to the bell tower – ask the permission in the church shop and admire the views of the valley and severe rock walls.
According to orthodox tradition, everyone is allowed to ring the bells on Easter, so if you dream to feel yourself as a bell ringer, plan the route for May 2 in advance.
Church stone is a favorite place for walks of guests of the village. Rocks, expanses and the river Rezh – the surroundings seem to have absorbed the main archetypes of the Urals. When you close your eyes – and you see the turrets of ostrog, wooden towers, riders flying in the valley on small horses, you hear the alarm bell tolling – as if it has not passed since then almost four hundred years.
To get a vivid idea of the village’s former life, head to the local history museum – it’s located in an 18th-century merchant’s house a couple of blocks from the church.
What attracts tourists from all over the world to Aramashevo
Aramashevo History Museum is an example of how the residents’ indifference to their small motherland and the memory of the past led to the creation of a popular tourist attraction.
It would seem that there are a lot of museums of folk life, but in the house of the merchant Zagainov at the weekend fun and noisy. Excursions, master classes, dinners, holidays – the museum in the village has become a point of attraction, and tourists come here not only from the Sverdlovsk region, but also from abroad.
Photo: Maria Vikhreva. Don’t forget to say hello to the owner of the house himself – he appears before the tourists surrounded by bills and goods
It is nice that all the employees of the museum are dressed in national costumes – and look organically in a stylized Russian hut, and in the shop of the merchant Matvey Zagainov.
Attracted by the noise, I look into the school classroom – there is a group of tourists, guided by one of the museum staff, enthusiastically tapping on the wool – it is part of the process of making souvenir felt boots.
Also in the museum you can make your own amulets, paint a horseshoe and take part in folk festivals, learn the traditions of the Russian tea-drinking and of course – learn how our ancestors worked and lived.
You should see the women’s corner, stroke the cat on the lounge table, ring the boom, and remember the old measures of length. And how many heights do you have?
Address: 38 Sovetskaya Street. Tickets: 50-100 ₽, tour – 300 ₽/group. Lunch must be ordered in advance.
Secret meanings of Ural painting
Another project of the museum in Aramashevo is the exposition “Houses with Ural painting”.
In the olden days, the huts of wealthy peasants were decorated with house paintings – the abundance of colors is striking even today. Masters, as a rule, used local mineral dyes. Their names alone are as follows: “blue paint, similar to bar paint”, “azure earth”, “white clay”, “umra”. In Aramashevo carefully restored found examples of the Ural painting and created an entire exhibition, showing the traditional elements and techniques of painting and revealing its deeper meaning.
Photo: Maria Vikhreva. Each picture had its place and each element had its symbolic meaning.
Address: 11 Pervomaiskaya Street. The museum is still closed, so please check the opening hours before visiting.
Samples of house paintings can also be found in the museum of Lower Sinyachikha.
After the museum go down to the gazebo above Kreshchensky spring to capture the views from below, or head towards Shaitan-stone – it is a cult place of the ancient pagans. Horses often graze in the meadows near the rocks and the river – photographers and children will love it.
Shaitan Stone and Via Ferrata
Today the rock has taken a fancy to the climbers for their training – on the rock routes of different categories of complexity, and on the river trained lovers of catamarans and kayaks – and it is difficult to say which of the athletes has the best views. Also on Shaitan-rock you can pass a section of the Via-ferrata – for the Urals this is quite a rare opportunity.
Do you want to test your strength? You will have to cross to the other side of the river. In summer you can wade from the foot of the Church Rock, but in spring it is better to go around on dry land. To get to the rocks on the right side of the river, you must leave the village, drive over the bridge and turn left. Landmark sad, but noticeable – a dump. Here we leave the car and continue on foot along the forest road, which first leads to the bank of the river, and then along it comes to the rocks.
What is a Via Ferrata?
It is a rocky section, equipped with metal crampons, cables, steps or other structures that facilitate its passage. The term came to us from the Dolomite Alps and in Italian means “road of iron”. It is a popular recreation in the mountain regions of Europe and the world. In the Alps are constantly being built new ferrata, both simple, accessible to ordinary tourists, and sports – with suspended crossings and suspension bridges. You can also touch the popular sport in the Urals Aramashevo.
Via ferrata on the Shaitan-rock is a hundred meters long section of metal crampons at the bottom of the rock, 1.5-2 meters above the water. In world practice, to pass the ferrata use climbing helmets, safety gazebos and self-insurance – if you are not confident in your abilities, do not neglect the special equipment.
If you are not ready to perform miracles of acrobatics over the water – the second sector can be accessed from above. Here, too, you must be careful – in 2020, there were rockslides on the Shaitan-rock.
In addition to the via-ferrata and climbing trails, there are a couple of caves at Shaitan Stone, one of which is right on the cliff, up to 40 meters deep. The second cave, Aramashevskaya, or Salvation, at a depth of 210 meters, is available for passage only with special equipment.
It is possible to raft down the Rezh River – beautiful views and convenient parking places are available. Catamarans and kayaks are as familiar to locals as rock climbers and horses.
In summer, rock climbing festivals and yoga camp are held here, and a small beach appears on the shoal – so you can choose a leisure activity to your liking.
The village of Aramashevo
According to the “Perm Chronicle”, the village of Aramashevo was founded in 1631 by settlers who took a fancy to the high bank of the River Rezh, protected from the visits of unfriendly nomads. It was a wooded area with coastal rocks, the legends about which have survived to the present day (Shaitan stone, Mamin stone, Church stone).
The village of Aramashevo is located 30 km south of Alapaevsk, north-east of Yekaterinburg. Railroad passes 4 km from the village.
The origin of the name
There are several assumptions about the name. According to one of them Aramashevo came from the Turkish word “ara”, which means “border”. Version is quite plausible, because the river Rezh actually passed on the border of the Vogul and Bashkir territories, and the village has long played a strategic role border fortress.
Historically, Russians settled in the Urals from north to south, overcoming the fierce resistance of nomadic tribes, and established themselves along the banks of rivers. At first, they built wooden fortresses, near which peasant settlements later appeared.
Another version of the name is related to the Bashkir word “arame”, which means a place near the river, covered with shrubbery. The settlers settled on the northern bank of the river, as the opposite bank was considered alien. To date, the southern bank remains virtually uninhabited, overgrown with dense forest.
The third hypothesis about the origin of the name of the village is related to the chamomile grass, which grows in abundance not only on the territory of Aramashevo, but also around it. The left tributary of the River Rezh is called Aramash.
From the history of the village
Centuries ago the village was on the postal route and was considered a sloboda. Its inhabitants were mainly engaged in agriculture; they sowed wheat and rye. The first mention of this settlement dates back to 1692. Diplomats sent by Peter the Great to China, described these places as extremely beautiful, teeming with forests, meadows, rivers and lakes, cultivated fields. One of the chroniclers, Adam Brandt, wrote: “It is very beautiful here, I have never seen anything like it in my life.
The main fortifications in the village were erected in the years 55-56. In the XVII century the main fortifications of the village were erected in the 55-56 years of the XVII century for protection against the Kalmyks. With time, the raids ceased, there was no need to fortify Aramashevo, and the settlement became safe. Aramashevo settlement had 31 small villages, whose peasants belonged to Alapaevsky plant.
In the middle of the 50-s of the 17th century iron ore deposits were found near Aramashevo, which gave an impulse to start the development of the deposit. The implementation of the project was entrusted to the boyar Perkhurov. For this purpose, all the blacksmiths and idle people from the peasants in the district were enumerated. When the necessary number of workers was recruited in the Irbit and Nevyanskaya slobodas, the construction of the ironworks began. The process was headed by the governor of Verkhotursk Lev Izmailov; under his command the plant was launched in a short period of time.
Appearance of educational institutions
In 1871 in Aramashevo a one-class college started its work. A quarter of a century later a zemstvo school appeared here, and in 1911. – 2-classroom school in a new, specially built brick building.
Until a railroad was built near the village, the main occupation of the inhabitants was the cultivation of crops and factory work for the transportation of ore and iron to the factories in Alapaevsk and Nizhny Tagil. With the advent of railway communication, this type of activity fell into decline.
In the 60s of the last century in Armashevo started the work of the state farm of the same name. In 2007 a large-scale greenhouse for growing Dutch roses was put into operation.
From the history of rocks
Mama’s Stone was named after the Ural writer D. N. Mamin-Sibiryak. According to the recollections of contemporaries, during his stay in Aramashevo, he liked to rest near this rock and write his stories there.
There are many horror stories about Shaitan stone. They say that near this rock at night there are lights and frightening sounds, suggestive of ghosts. This fact has led to the fact that the locals have given the stone such an old name.
The church stone is famous for the fact that through it from the temple to the bank of the River Rezh passed through a tunnel. During enemy raids, this path was used to get mothers with children and the elderly out of danger.
Shurikov stone is associated with the name of the fool, who had the gift of divination. The villagers loved him for his kindness and gentle disposition, pitied him, helped him in any way they could. He often sat on the shore by the rock, looking into the distance, and predicted, what year will be – rainy or dry, full or hungry. Since then, the inhabitants of the village called the rock Shurikov stone.
Museum of local history Aramashevo
The museum was opened in 1963 in the brick house of the late XIX century, which once belonged to the merchant Zagainov. It was made possible thanks to the efforts of teachers Aramashevo high school and, above all, I.S. Kesarev, a teacher of geography.
In 2003, the museum was awarded the status of local history. It is located at 36 Sovetskaya St. and consists of five halls, each of which has its own thematic section – nature, folk crafts, history of the village of Armashevo and the local school, a stylized Russian hut, the hall of war and labor heroes. The museum has a permanent exhibition of samovars and Ural souvenirs.
Church of Kazan Mother of God
In the 30s of the XVII century a wooden church was built on the rock of the Church Stone and named in honor of the Kazan icon of the Mother of God. Unfortunately, the task of the temple was completely burned up in a fire, and in its place in 1800 built a stone church. It had two altars, one in honor of the Kazan icon of the Mother of God, and the other in the name of the Archangel Michael.
Since the beginning of the last century in the village of Aramashevo was celebrated annually on July 8. On this day there was a procession, and so it lasted until 1929, when the Bolsheviks closed the church, and the bell was thrown into the River Rezh. The church was reconstructed in 2006-2012.
Monument to heroes
In the heart of the village there is a monument that immortalizes the memory of the villagers who fell in the battles for liberation from the Nazis. The monument was established to the 40th anniversary of the Great Victory and contains over 300 names of soldiers. Two residents of the village were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union: M. N. Manturov and I. M. Velskikh.
The village is linked by bus and rail links to Alapaevsk, Nizhny Tagil, Artemovsk, Irbit, Yekaterinburg, Kamensk-Uralsky, and other localities of the region. In Aramashevo there is a school, kindergarten, stores, post office.
Address: Aramashevo, Sverdlovsk region, Russia.
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