Trinidad and Tobago
Population 1,228,691 Trinidad and Tobago area 5128 sq. km located on the continent of Central America and the Caribbean Capital city Port of Spain Money in Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD) Domain area .tt Country phone code 867
The Carlton Savanah is considered the most chic hotel in Port of Spain. Those who stay in less luxurious hotels such as the Hyat Regency Trinidad, the Hilton Trinidad & Conference, or the Courtyard by Marriott Port of Spain will be impressed by the beautiful rooms and European service. The Magdalena Grand Beach Resor, Bacole Beach Club, Half Moon Blu and Grafton Beach Resor are especially loved by visitors to Tobago.
A cozy room in Piarco can be rented at Airport In Ltd. or the Piarco Vilage Suite. To feel like a king in Scarborough, all you have to do is stay at the Blu Haven Hotel.
Climate of Trinidad and Tobago: Tropical. Rainy season (June to December).
The main attraction of the island nation of Trinidad and Tobago is Maracas Bay, a luxurious beach area that is bustling with activity year-round.
Fans of mountain walks will undoubtedly enjoy the North Range, with the amazing Sombasson and La Laha Falls.
Tourists traveling along the North Coast of the state should take a look at Galera Point Lighthouse, as well as Fishing Rock in the town of Toco. Vacationers in the south of Trinidad should definitely go for a swim in Pitch Lake. The so-called “Windward Coast” boasts the old Richmond Great House sugar mill.
Terrain in Trinidad and Tobago:: Mostly plains with hills and low mountains.
The state of Trinidad and Tobago is like being made for a continuous drive. A highlight in the state is the annual carnival held at the end of February. Once there, it is impossible not to succumb to the rhythms of the fiery bachata and take part in the action.
Travellers who are lucky enough to visit the islands during this period will be charmed by the calypso bars, restaurants with culinary traditions from all over the world, Asa Wright Nature Park with its exotic feathered pets, and the charming architecture of the early 19th century in Port of Spain and San Fernando. A visit to Ginderbread House Residences and Magnificent Seventeenth Park will be a great time.
Trinidad and Tobago has resources like: : Oil, natural gas, asphalt.
The diversity of the cultures and peoples of the islands of Trinidad and Tobago has left a vivid imprint on their appearance. It is safe to say that most of the cities of the state are, in their own way, huge museums, and the “exhibits” in them are monuments of architecture.
In Port-of-Spain there is a “magnificent seven” of old mansions, the most magnificent of which is Knowsley House. It is all decorated with incredible carvings.
Also among the museums is the inimitable Whitehall, a snow-white building with Moorish flavor, and the absolutely fantastic Stollmeyer Castle, an exact copy of a Bavarian castle. Tourists can admire these historical treasures only from the outside. Also on the islands is the National Museum and the famous Art Gallery.
Trinidad and Tobago’s currency is the Trinidad and Tobago Dollar (TTD), which replaced the British West Indies Dollar with the advent of the republic’s central bank in 1964. The U.S. dollar is freely distributed. Credit cards can be used to pay in almost any restaurant or hotel.
The mild climate of the islands of Trinidad and Tobago and the gentle Caribbean Sea dispose to a year-round vacation. The highlight of this place are the exceptional conditions for ecological tourism. The best time to vacation in these islands is the end of winter to the first months of spring.
Going to Trinidad and Tobago for the first time, you should choose Port of Spain or Scarborough. Not limited to passive lying on the beach, you can take an extreme vacation by diving into the depths of the Atlantic Ocean, go horseback riding, or go to sea under the sail of a fancy yacht.
Trinidad and Tobago is a place that attracts tourists not only by its excellent environment and dazzling beaches, but also by the unique opportunity to experience a real drive.
Air transportation in Trinidad and Tobago is quite in demand. The most popular airports are in Port of Spain and Scarborough. The railroad in the state has been closed for four decades, but recently the government of the islands has expressed a desire to build new lines for trains and the revival of this type of transport.
Communication with the continent is by waterways. For this purpose ferries are used. Public transport is limited to buses and minibuses. To travel on the first need to buy a ticket at the ticket office, in the second possible to pay directly through the driver. Those who plan to move around the island frequently should hire a car.
Standard of Living
The state of Trinidad and Tobago is ahead of many countries in Latin America. Agriculture exports cane sugar and the fruit of the chocolate tree. Rice and bananas are grown there for their own use. Only 25 percent of the land is under agricultural cultivation, and the high yield allows to meet all needs.
An important source of income of the country is the export of energy resources, particularly gas and oil, as well as products of the steel industry. These factors do not interfere with the environmental preservation of the islands and allow the tourism business to develop – this sector is the foundation of the economy of the country.
The state of Trinidad and Tobago is two islands of the same name, wrapped in the waters of the Caribbean Sea. The capital city of the Republic has long been Port of Spain, founded more than 400 years ago. Today it is a city of three cultures: Christian, Islamic, and Hindu.
Chaguanas is the largest settlement of the state, having grown out of a small village, thanks to the sugar cane plantations. Next in size is the city of San Fernando.
The city of San Juan is notable for the number of permanent residents. There are also many picturesque villages located throughout the islands, including: Mount St. George, Pembroke and Goldsboro.
Trinidad and Tobago
Trinidad and Tobago is a small country, compactly situated on a number of islands nestled in the Caribbean Sea. The republic takes its name from the two main islands.
The country has a well-developed oil and gas industry, chemical industry and agriculture. In recent years, the tourist industry has been actively developing – an appropriate infrastructure is being created, hotels are being built, and beaches are being improved.
By the way, it’s easy to find Trinidad and Tobago on the world map! The archipelago is located off the coast of Venezuela, in the upper right corner of the South American continent.
The development of tourist destinations promotes a mild climate, beautiful nature and many natural beaches.
History and current realities
Trinidad and Tobago is a fairly young country, which gained its independence only in 1962. Before that the country was a subject of British crown, being a full-fledged colony of Britain. After independence, Trinidad and Tobago became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Remarkably, the islands were discovered by the legendary Columbus in 1498 and were long dominated by the Spanish. In 1797, the British fleet surrounded Trinidad and reassigned the land to itself, although the islands did not officially become a British colony until five years later.
The influence of the British is still felt today, more than half a century after the independence of the island republic. Thus, the majority of the population speaks English, which is the state language. Also common in certain regions of the republic are:
- The dialect of the indigenous Indian population.
The population of Trinidad and Tobago is diverse. More than half are natives of India and Africa, whose ancestors were brought here as slaves. Another 20% are Creole, as well as natives of Europe, Asia, and Arab countries.
In terms of faith, Trinidad and Tobago is inhabited by believers of all faiths:
- Pentecostals, etc.
It is worth adding that for a long time the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago was an industrial country, focused on oil extraction and its processing, which allowed the development of the chemical industry. Great attention is given to agriculture, because favorable climate allows to grow up citrus and coconuts. The state is still one of the world’s largest suppliers of sugar cane.
However, more recently, green tourism, which is becoming more and more popular around the world, is actively developing here. Fortunately, the islands are ideally suited for this kind of recreation.
In addition, there are many unique cultural events, which attract tourists from all over the world. Thus, many are interested in carnivals in Trinidad and Tobago, bright and colorful festivals.
Note. The coat of arms of Trinidad and Tobago was created with all the peculiarities of the republic in mind. For example, in the lower part is a trio of ships, on which the European explorers came here. The uniqueness of fauna and flora is emphasized by two hummingbirds. And the main elements are the other two birds. The beautiful, unique red ibis symbolizes Trinidad. And another bird, the red-tailed chachalaca, is the symbol of Tobago.
The islands have a warm, pleasant climate that allows for a full holiday at any time of year. Although, of course, the weather in Trinidad and Tobago depends on the particular month. Temperature readings are as follows:
- Average annual +26 degrees;
- The hottest period is from the beginning of the year and lasts until the end of May – the thermometers rise to an average of +31 degrees during the day and does not drop below +22 degrees at night.
There is also a rainy season here – it lasts from late June to late September, although in some years it may stretch all the way to the beginning of winter. During this period, more than 250 millimeters of precipitation can fall in a single month.
By the way. Despite the fact that the archipelago is located in the Caribbean Sea, it is virtually immune to strikes of the elements – hurricanes bypass the islands.
Now that you know exactly where Trinidad and Tobago is, let’s talk about the main cities of the republic. Naturally, we will talk not only about the largest, but about the iconic settlements.
The capital of Trinidad and Tobago is the large city of Port of Spain, which is home to over 50,000 Trinidadians. Naturally, as the capital, Port of Spain is the center:
For example, the authorities, financial and other administrative institutions are located here. The city also attracts tourists with a large number of cultural institutions, especially museums:
- you can learn not only the history of the Republic, but also of the neighboring countries, and also learn a lot of new and interesting from the history of Spain and Great Britain – because these countries for a long time owned the archipelago;
- get acquainted with the peculiarities of life of the indigenous population;
- learn the history of money circulation;
- get acquainted with the magnificent paintings and other works of art.
The architecture of the capital, which harmoniously combines different trends, absorbed the most characteristic features of the three religious directions – Muslim, Christianity, Hinduism, will amaze you with its diversity.
San Juan, another city in Trinidad and Tobago, deserves a mention and is home to even more people than the capital itself. It is close to the sea coast, and there are good hotels in the locality itself.
But the town of St. James in Trinidad and Tobago is perhaps the most popular among tourists, because it created the ideal conditions for a full holiday. This is the place where tours are most often sold!
Other cities in the country include:
- Arima; ;
- North Ridge; ;
Each of them can rightfully be considered a true landmark of the islands – there are many interesting, unusual and memorable things in the settlements. These are both historical sites and architectural beauties. Not to mention the beaches, parks and gardens!
Today, holidays in Trinidad and Tobago are in demand by tourists from many parts of the globe. After all, there are a lot of amazing sights, unique nature, including birds and, of course, the beaches, though not many kilometers, but cozy and surrounded by forests and mountains.
Attractions of the island republic
So, walking around the capital, be sure to visit Queen Savannah Park – this is unparalleled in the Caribbean park, an area of over 1 square kilometer. Here are great conditions for the full recreation of city residents and tourists. And around the park are placed:
- zoological park;
- botanical garden;
- and even the residence of the president of the country.
Once there were horse races, and now the preserved tribune is filled with spectators during a variety of cultural events.
The landmark of this park zone is the Magnificent Seven, the unrivaled, beautiful buildings, the architectural style of which is close to the Victorian style.
In the capital it is recommended to visit the Museum of Money, where you can find out what coins of Trinidad and Tobago were entered several decades ago, learn about the peculiarities of the development of the monetary system not only in this country.
Little Tobago Island will delight fans of fauna and flora – it is home to the largest wildlife reserve.
When describing the attractions of Trinidad and Tobago, one cannot ignore Maracas Bay. This is a sought-after area among tourists, located on the seashore and has a crescent shape. The arc of the bay is almost 2 kilometers long. The special appeal of the beach, filled with the softest sand, lies in its surroundings:
- palm groves;
- colorful fishing villages;
- comfortable hotels and other facilities designed specifically to attract tourists.
The only drawback of the bay is just its popularity among tourists – it is always too crowded, and given certain facilities for a fun youth holiday, it is not suitable for tourists with children. But they should not be discouraged – they can settle a little farther away, on the shore of a quieter and calmer Tayriko Bay, and come here during the day to admire Maracas Bay.
A must-see is Pitch Lake, filled with . asphalt! Underneath it are oil deposits that are transformed into high quality asphalt by the high temperatures of an ancient volcano and increased pressure. This natural factory works all year round and provides with raw materials for road covering not only islands of the republic. So, it was used for the arrangement of the territory near Buckingham Palace.
The country’s currency
Naturally, going on any trip, you should stock up on money of the country where you are going to rest. The currency of Trinidad and Tobago is the local dollar. U.S. dollars are also freely accepted.
The current exchange rate today: you can buy 1 Trinidadian dollar for 11 Russian rubles. Currency exchange is organized in banks working Monday through Thursday from 8:00 to 17:00, and on Fridays from 9 am to 12 noon, as well as from 3 pm to 5 pm. In the vast majority of financial institutions on Saturday and Sunday are days off.
You can also exchange currency in the exchange offices, operating not only on the streets, but also in the hotels. Their work schedule actually coincides with the schedule of banks. And at weekends and holidays, currency exchange is organized at the airport and various tourist facilities – the same restaurants and outlets.
Bank cards of all well-known payment systems are accepted for payment in hotels, restaurants, large tourist institutions.
Please note. Most stores for payment by card charge a fee – 5% of the purchase amount.
If you decide to withdraw your card in Trinidad and Tobago, use ATMs marked TIDCO.
Time in Trinidad and Tobago differs from Russian time – in particular, the difference is 7 hours. While in Moscow it is 12:00 pm, in Trinidad and Tobago it is only 5:00 am.
The whole country is in the time zone UTC -04:00, and there is no resetting of clocks in autumn and winter.
Where to stay?
There are modern hotels in every city of the republic, especially in the settlements designated for tourist recreation. If you are interested in hotels in Trinidad and Tobago, note that the price depends not only on distance from the sea, but mostly on the level of service and quality of rooms.
For example, a night in one of the most prestigious hotels of the country Hilton Trinidad and Conference Centre will cost about 10,000 rubles. There are both more expensive and cheaper hotels – on average, a night in the hotels of the capital will cost tourists from 6 to 12 thousand rubles.
However, in the tourist centers, accommodation will be even more expensive – in some institutions the cost of a night is about 18 thousand rubles. We are talking about the Turtle Beach Hotel (Scarborough).
Do you want to please your family and friends with Caribbean souvenirs and unusual gifts? Whatever you bring, be sure of the sincere joy of the gift-givers.
Naturally, Trinidad and Tobago is famous for rum – the real, delicious and made according to old pirate recipes, but necessarily in accordance with all modern standards.
Often fruits and vegetables are brought from the islands:
And if you get caught out of their ripening season, get at least a jar of canned fruit of these. Believe me, they are quite different from those that are presented in our supermarkets, because they are prepared according to unique Caribbean recipes! Canned seafood will also be a good choice.
Local craftsmen make colorful, authentic souvenirs, among which it is easy to pick up products for almost every taste – it’s brooches, and pendants, and magnets, and even pirate ships, which are amazingly accurate carved all the details!
How to get there?
There is only one way to get there: by plane. The flight will take more than 17 hours and requires a connection. A visa to Trinidad and Tobago for Russians will not be required if you are going on vacation, the duration of which does not exceed 90 days. However, you will additionally need a UK visa, as the flight is connecting in London, where you will need to leave one airport and move to the other.
For those who want to stay in the archipelagos for more than three months, will have to make out a full-fledged visa – for this you will need to contact the British consulate.
The Republic of Trinidad and Tobago has several international airports, so keep this in mind when choosing tickets and focus on the one closest to your vacation spot!