The official name of the country is the Republic of Tunisia, while the unofficial name is derived from the name of the capital city, which in turn was named after Phoenician Queen Tanit. Tunisia used to belong to the great Roman Empire, and on its territory there were many Berber settlements. Arabs appeared in the country in the 7th century and founded the first Arab city of Kairouan in North Africa, which is recognized as the 4th holy city for Muslims in the world, after Jerusalem, Mecca and Medina. After that Tunisia was included in the Ottoman Empire, but at the end of the 16th century, the Turkish sultan was the overlord of the land only formally; in fact, it was ruled by beys, who in 1612 became the founders of the Mouradides dynasty. Tunisia became an independent state in 1705, when the Husseinid dynasty came to power, declaring the sultan to be no more than a religious leader of the country. And in 1957, the monarchy in Tunisia was completely eradicated.
Geography of Tunisia
Tunisia is located in North Africa. In the North and East the country is washed by the waters of the Mediterranean Sea, and in the South there is a border with another large-scale state – Libya. In the west, Tunisia borders with Algeria. The capital of the state is the city of Tunis. The state is divided into 23 vilayets (governorates, in our words). The largest cities in the country are Sfax, Bizerte and Sousse. The main territory of the state is covered by desert.
In general, the climate in Tunisia is expected with regard to its Mediterranean location, for the most part it is desert and subtropical. In January the average temperature in the north of the Tunisian Republic is within +9 ° C, and in July – about +16 ° C. In the south, it is about 0.5 times warmer. As in most countries of North Africa – the rainiest months of the year are March and April, during this time in Africa is the so-called rainy season. The hottest months in the country are July and August. The flora of the coastal areas of the Republic of Tunisia is very similar to that of southern Europe. The northern part of the state is decorated by forests of pine, juniper and thickets of cork oak. The southern areas of the country, 40% of which is occupied by the Sahara Desert, are decorated with desert vegetation and date palms can be found in the oases.
Attractions of Tunisia
The main attraction of Tunisia is the huge National Library, located in the capital. It keeps collections of books reflecting the history of the state in different eras. Tunisia is famous for its beautiful museums: the Postal Museum, the Museum of Tunisian Traditional Heritage and Sidi Bou-Hrissan Museum, which preserve the history of the country and its heroes. In Tunisia, as in most other Arab countries, an incredible attention is paid to religious life, and therefore a lot of beautiful religious buildings can be found in this beautiful country. Examples are places of pilgrimage of Muslims, mosques Yusuf Bey, Great Mosque, Qasba Mosque, as well as the country’s only Anglican Church of St. George. Unexpected attraction for an African country is a huge zoo in the Republic of Tunisia, which gathered an incredible amount of animal species on the mainland. Often tourists who come to Tunisia exclusively to rest, are attracted not by the variety of architecture in the Arab style and not the temples and mosques dedicated to local spiritual leaders, but the beautiful cleanest beaches of the Mediterranean, covered with yellow-brown sand. In addition, in the Republic of Tunisia there are many places, a visit to which the most favorable way to affect your health, this is known since the days of Carthage boiling baths. And also the vapors of seawater, – a fascinating sight, believe me! Those who come to this country should definitely visit the International Cultural Center, which consists of luxurious hotel complexes situated in the shade of gardens. Carthage has been the cultural treasure of Tunisia for hundreds of years. This architectural marvel was founded in 814 BC, but even today you can still see the remains of the Capitol buildings from the times of the Roman Empire, the ruins of an amphitheater with a capacity of 50 thousand spectators, the remains of Antonius Baths and Byzantine churches. Excursion to the Mausoleum of Atheban, which was built in III-II century BC, will impress you and you’ll definitely stay in your memory. In addition, be sure to take a guided tour of the ruins of Bizerte, the ancient Spanish bastion. Pamper your body with a beautiful and healthy Mediterranean tan at the Djerba resort, which is connected to the continent by an ancient road, built in the times of the Roman Empire. Or in the now popular resort of Port El Kantaoui, called the pearl of tourism – on its territory there is a huge variety of luxury hotels and villas, as well as a diving center and a yacht club. And the last option to bask in the sun in North Africa is a local resort, which is a center of craftsmanship – Nabeul.
Tunisian national cuisine
As the people of Tunisia themselves say, their cuisine consists exclusively of food filled to the brim with sunshine. In different parts of the country the cuisine has its own unique features, and only exceptional gourmets will be able to appreciate it. As a matter of fact, Tunisian cuisine is a special blend of eastern and European traditions of cooking. The peculiarity of this country’s cuisine is the permanent use of various herbs and spices, which make the local dishes especially savoury and possess a pleasant spicy flavour. It also means a lot in the local cuisine to use only high quality olive oil. Most of the dishes of Tunisian cuisine are flavored with sauce “Harris”, which is prepared from red pepper, olive oil, garlic and herbs. It tastes a lot like the traditional Caucasian adjika, except without the salt. When Tunisians eat, they eat a fairly large amount of bread, which perhaps makes them similar to the Russians. On the table there is bound to be pita bread or pancake loaf, which is traditionally broken off by hand. Pork is not on Tunisian menu, since this country is Muslim. This type of meat is replaced by goat meat, mutton, veal, various types of game and fish. In Tunisia you can buy meat in fresh form. Most often it is lamb or beef, although if desired you can find even camel meat. From the minced meat only “kebab” is prepared here. In other cases, the meat is cooked in pieces on griddles or skewers. No oil is added when roasting meat on the grill, which has an excellent effect on its taste. Fish is much more expensive than meat and therefore much more valuable. In the country’s sea waters there are sea bass, sardines, tuna and a huge number of other fish varieties. Particularly popular in the menu of Tunisians is tuna. By the way, some believe that this fish gave its name to the country. Sardines and mackerel are the cheapest in Tunisia, shrimp and clams are a little bit more expensive, and the meat of cuttlefish and octopus, as in most countries, is a delicacy here. Tunisian side dishes are prepared mainly from beans, rice, vegetables and fruits in various combinations. Among the dairy products Tunisians prefer only cheese. Tourists should take a closer look at the dishes of lamb in crockpot, “shorba” soup, as well as local omelette with chicken meat added. The national drink of Tunisia is green tea with mint. It is served very hot and sweet. For those who like exoticism there is an option to try palm milk.
Buses in this country do not have a permanent route. The bus number and destination is usually written in Arabic on the windshield. Tourists are better off not using buses. Intercity buses are yellow and green, and in summer they usually run at night. The Tunisian road transport network is highly developed, the traffic rules are European. Traffic in the country is right-handed. In Tunisian cities the maximum speed is 50 km/h, and on the highways – 110 km/h. Road conditions are excellent, especially in the northern part of the country, and gasoline is quite cheap. According to the rules, passing a police checkpoint, you must slow down or stop altogether, so that the police were able to conduct a document check. Moving around the Sahara Desert without a specialized permit is strictly prohibited. Permits can be obtained from local authorities, if you specify the route and vehicle data, and if you have an experienced desert guide.
Currency exchange in Tunisia
One Tunisian dinar is approximately equal to one U.S. dollar. It is best to change money directly at the airport or in banks and hotels in the country. Exchange everywhere is made at a fixed rate established by the national bank of the country. Tunisian banks work from 7.30 to 11.00 (from July to September) and from 8.00 to 11.00 and from 14.00 to 16.30 (from October to June). Credit cards are accepted in many hotels and stores in the country. ATMs should also be easy to find.
The mains voltage in Tunisia is 240 V, 50 Hz.
Religion of Tunisia
The state religion of the Republic of Tunisia is Sunni Islam, Muslims in the country are about 98%.
In general, Tunisia is a fairly calm country. The president keeps his country in an iron fist, thanks to which the crime rate in Tunisia is the lowest among African countries. People of the state themselves are quite friendly and affable, so you can walk around at night without fear. After independence, Tunisians have kept progressive thinking, given to them by the French, many residents of the country still speak excellent French. There is also no poverty in the state. Puritan strictures in this country do not apply to tourists, for the beach “topless” – the norm of life. But here petty theft is quite possible, so be careful in crowded places, so as not to lose a purse.
In terms of health Tunisia is a safe country, so do not be afraid, but some vaccinations are better to have, such as dengue fever vaccine. Especially common in Tunisia is a sort of thalassotherapy, which makes local women look just great. There are thalassotherapy centers in every hotel, without exception, and all procedures are given a special guarantee. By the way, the pounds and years lost here are not returned to their places upon returning home. The list of thalassotherapy includes also magic algae wraps. All procedures are beneficial for the skin and are based on seawater from the Mediterranean Sea. Massage is done with almond or jasmine oil.
Russian Consulate in Tunisia
Address: 4, Rue des Bergamotes, El-Manar 1, Tunis 2092, Tunisie Tel: (8-10-216-71) 88-2446, 88-2458 E-mail: email@example.com
Tunisia: general information, weather, seasons, time
Tunisia is a state in North Africa located on the Mediterranean coast. The official name of Tunisia is the Republic of Tunisia. It refers to the Maghreb countries, which also include Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria and Libya.
Tunisia is washed by the Mediterranean Sea in the north and east, bordered by Algeria to the west and Libya to the southeast. Among the countries of North Africa, it is the smallest by area 163,610 sq.km., which is about three and a half times larger than the area of Moscow. The country stretches 800 km from north to south, while its average width is only 150 km. The sea coastline is 1,300 km long.
Tunisia’s territory is represented by the Atlas Mountains in the northwest, the plains near the coast and the highlands in the south; the rest of the territory is covered by savannahs and is mostly desert. In the south lies the Sahara, which occupies about 40% of Tunisia. But even the remaining 60% of the territory is not all green.
Tourism in Tunisia began to actively develop relatively recently, since 1987, after years of political “controversy. With the stabilization of the political situation, foreign investment began to flow into the country, and Tunisia began to attract Europeans. In early 2011, tourism in Tunisia suffered a serious setback because of the “jasmine revolution”, but now the situation has stabilized and tourists have been gradually returning to the country. Of course, it would be wrong to say that tourism in Tunisia competes in quality with Egypt and Turkey, but many tourists are happy to visit it. The majority of tourists in Tunisia are from European countries. Many of them come here for the weekend, some even in their cars (by ferry). Russians among holidaymakers is not so much.
Tunisia offers its guests the beaches of the Mediterranean Sea and a rich history. Despite the fact that the dominant religion in the country is Islam, the country is considered a secular state, almost European. Alcohol can be found on sale in tourist areas, and in the hotels there is no problem at all. Most hotels have their own area, which includes the beach, swimming pools, restaurants and bars, all kinds of entertainment. Outside of the hotels and tourist areas entertainment is difficult to find. Perhaps, except for sightseeing and shopping at local bazaars, there is simply nothing to do. However, hotels and resort areas offer everything you could possibly want, including nighttime entertainment.
Vacationers are offered activities such as water-skiing, catamaraning, windsurfing, snorkeling, tours, there are golf courses. Very popular and accessible thalassotherapy procedures, which help not only rejuvenate the body, lose weight, but also relieve nervous tension, improve the metabolic processes of the body. Locals are very friendly to tourists. At the entrance to the store, shop, hotel and other buildings here is customary to say hello. Since the country is a Muslim, it is recommended to study its main national characteristics.
You can find tours to Tunisia online on the page “search tours to Tunisia. As for independent travel in Tunisia, not everything is simple. Unfortunately, the cost of regular flights to Tunisia is comparable, if not higher, with the cost of package tours, which include a flight and hotel accommodation. Transport in Tunisia is not very well developed, and in most cases, the economical tourist will have to travel by cab. The population of non-tourist areas are not used to seeing tourists, so in such places you will be attracting attention of all. And it is not easy to find a budget hotel of the “sleep over and drive on” type. But, if you are planning to visit Tunisia by yourself, on the pages of our site you will find the necessary information for this.
Cities of Tunisia
The capital city is Tunis.
Major cities – Tunis, Sfax, Sousse, Bizerte, Ariane.
The lowest point of Tunisia is Schott el-Garsa (17 m below sea level), and the highest – Jebel Chambi (1544 m).
Tunisia also has the islands of Djerba and Karkana in the Gulf of Gabes.
Tunisia is a presidential republic with a unicameral parliament. The head of state is president, who is elected by popular vote for 5 years. He is also the commander-in-chief of the army and appoints the Government and the Prime Minister.
Legislative power is exercised by the Chamber of Deputies, an elected body elected for 5 years. Executive power is exercised by the President with the help of the Government headed by the Prime Minister. The judiciary is independent and constitutes a unified system of national secular court.
Over the past few years the economic indicators of Tunisia have been steadily increasing. There is a growth of industry: clothing, textiles, metallurgy. Recently there has been an active development of oil fields. Tunisia is a large producer and exporter of phosphates, dates and olive oil in the world.
An economy is based on agriculture (grain growing, vegetables growing, fruit growing of tropical cultures, cattle-breeding) and tourism.
Among African countries Tunisia has high enough level of life. About 60% of the population is middle class.
The population of Tunisia
More than 10.5 million people live in the country. The Tunisian population comes from an ancient North African tribe of Berbers and practicing Sunni Islam. Islam is the state religion in Tunisia.
The vast majority of the population (97%) is Arab, 1% is Berber, 1.5% is Circassian, with small populations of Jews, Christians, and Catholics. There are Orthodox churches in Tunis and Bizerte, and even a Jewish community.
The language of Tunisia
The official language of Tunisia is Arabic, along with French. In the tourism business is also sometimes used English and German. But to meet a local resident, at least something to understand the English language – a good luck.
Tunis weather, tourist seasons
The climate of Tunisia is influenced by the nearby Mediterranean Sea and the Sahara Desert, so it is subtropical Mediterranean in the north and along the coast, and tropical desert in the south and inland.
The weather in the country throughout the year is relatively comfortable. Average summer temperatures range from 25C to 32C, and the average winter temperatures range from 8C to 12C. On the coast the summer heat is easier to bear because of the sea breeze. The swimming season lasts from May to September.
Rainfalls are most common in winter months, especially in the mountainous areas, while in the desert they may not occur for several years in a row.
Favourable time to visit Tunisia for a beach holiday – from late April to June and from September to October. During this time, the average air temperature is 25C, and the water temperature is 22C. During the period from July to August is very hot, because of the wind from the Sahara, which brings heat, the air heats up to 40C and above.
For excursions in Tunisia at any time of year is good. But you should know that in January and February the temperature of water and air averages 10C, rain, in March and April, the air warms up to 20C, in May and June and in September and October – up to 28C, in November and December it cools to 15C, heavy rains are possible. In the desert at night, there may be frosts. Therefore if you’re visiting Tunisia for an excursion, don’t forget to bring some warm clothing.
The time in Tunisia
The time in Tunisia is 2 hours behind Moscow in summer and winter. There is no daylight saving time in Tunisia.
Time difference with cities:
|Moscow: -2||Samara: -3|
|Kazan: -2||Nizhny Novgorod: -2|
|Yekaterinburg: -4||Novosibirsk: -6|
|Irkutsk: -7||Vladivostok: -9|
Useful information about Tunisia
Museum opening hours . Tunis Museums are open every day except Monday from 9.00 to 16.30.
Shopping hours . Stores in Tunisia work on weekdays in winter – from 09.00 to 12.00 and from 15.00 to 19.00, in summer – from 08.00 to 12.00 and from 16.00 to 20.00. In time of Muslim holiday Ramadan is usually set a special mode of operation: from 09.00 to 13.00 and from 19.00 to 21.00.
Electricity in Tunisia. The mains voltage is 220V, current frequency is 50 Hz. Outlets are standard European.
Telecommunications in Tunisia. In Tunisia, a sufficient number of pay phones labeled “Taxiphones” and call centers “Taxiphon internationale,” which have access to an international line. Talking points work from 08.00 to 22.00. International calls are paid in 1 dinar coins, internal – in 1/2 dinar and 100 millimeters. Change of money can be made at the employee of the call-point. A call from a public pay telephone is considerably cheaper than from the hotel telephone, about three times cheaper.
To call Russia you must dial (00), Russia Code (7), city code and subscriber number. To call Tunisia you need to dial (8) (10), Tunisian code (216), city code and telephone number.
As for Internet, it is everywhere, but is usually paid.
- Russian Embassy in Tunis – (71) 88-24-58
- Tunis Embassy in Moscow – (495) 691-28-58
- Police – 197
- Fire Service – 198
- ambulance – 190 or round the clock 846, 767
Tips in Tunisia. Tipping is usually 10% of the cost of the order at the restaurant, unless it is automatically included in the bill. If you want to thank for the service rendered they are: 0.5 to 1 dinars – to a porter, a maid, 3 to 5 dinars – bus drivers, tour guides. You can round up your cab fare to make it even.
Visiting mosques . Tunisia is a Muslim country, and therefore when visiting mosques it is worth checking at the entrance for other religions. In most cases, entrance to the main premises of mosques is forbidden for non-believers, but you may not be notified about it when you enter the territory, and you will pay for a walk around the mosque.
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Re: Holiday in Tunisia Natalia D. 26 August, 2018 And I went to Tunisia this year for the second time. Last year I went to Djerba Island, this year to Hammamet. Both times I liked it very much! If last year we enjoyed the beauty of the island, the service and hospitality of the hotel, this time we came to Hammamet, a budget 3. Yes, the hotel is different from 4 and 5, but we deliberately chose this vacation. What wonderful excursions, beautiful sea, clean beach. The attitude to us, Russians is very friendly. All the Tunisians smiled at us and said how they loved the Russians. I was surprised to read the previous reviews. I do not know, maybe because we were friendly, so we were the same. Animators from the hotel were very upset when we were leaving, helped us with our luggage in every way, took foto as a memento, some left their contacts. We did not get pawed, scolded, and there was no theft. We liked it very much.
Re: Отдых в Тунисе Злата 30 Август, 2018 Всем доброго времени суток!r>Ездили в этом году в августе.r>Всё очень понравилось. Да, есть свои минусы. Но скажите, где их нет?! Если искать одни только негативы, то их можно собрать целую кучу в любой стране.r>Что из минусов? Мусор. Да, он повсюду. Но он не воняет, как пишут некоторые, это разбросанные пластиковые бутылки, пакеты, бумага. Вот, впрочем и все минусы.r>Что касается местного населения. Здесь уж пеняйте на себя. Как Вы относитесь к ним, так и они к Вам. Ответную реакцию никто не отменял. Поэтому, хотите, чтобы Вас приветливо и дружелюбно встречали, будьте и Вы с ними любезны. Тунисцы гостеприимны, приветливы и доброжелательны. Не было ни одного случая даже злобного и косого взгляда в нашу сторону. Поэтому, как говорится: “Коли рожа кривая. ” Почитайте Крылова. Боле того, с ними достаточно интересно общаться. Скажешь пару приветствий на их языке, и они просто “тают”, готовы помочь Вам во всем.r>Везде можно встретить полицию, так что о безопасности не волнуйтесь.r>Что посмотреть в стране? Есть пару хороших экскурсий:r>1. Однодневная в Карфаген, Сиди-Бу-Саид, Тунис (столица);r>2. Двухдневная в Сахару, Колизей, Кайруан, оазис Шебика, солончаки.r>Рекомендую очень красивые фотки получаются, да и информация познавательная.r>Поэтому, друзья, не ищите негатив, его и так хватает в нашей нелегкой российской жизни. Отдыхайте с удовольствием и привозите только положительные эмоции.r>Good luck to all! .
Re: Holidays in Tunisia EdDDgAR August 30, 2018 Holidays in principle can not be bad, and learn something new is also very cool 0 .
Re: Holidays in Tunisia Alexander20082018 September 16, 2018 Went to Tunisia in August, cockroaches in the room caught 2 times, and 2 times at the door to the room about ants and lizards I vpsche trovschat. We lived in a bungalow Aqua Park Spa 4ka. The Russians and really do not like, uesnite themselves that you are the second sort. Will come the Germans Europeans and automatically you stand behind them, and they will serve out of turn. We went to Monastir and it’s really dirty, no wonder there are so many flies that eat with you from one plate. In monostir Tunisian ran up to us when we learned that we were Russian and began to tell us how and where to go and where the prices are cheaper, adding that the Russian tourists 60% and if it were not for them Tunisia would have come to an end. This is the only Tunisian who was interested in the Russians). The tour is divided into foreigners and Russians, together with the Baltic. The impression of the country is not unambiguous. But more there for sure I will not go. In Russian they understand when they just want to.
Re: Holidays in Tunisia Hope Nikolaevna September 18, 2018 Hello all! Holidays in Tunisia in Hammamet in September this year, the hotel 4 *Mirage.I think that from the rest you get what you want. settled immediately upon arrival without regard to the country, the staff is very friendly, all smiling, trying to talk, asking how you like it here or not. was on a 2-day tour of the Sahara.It was impressive.Went almost all over Tunisia, was an excellent guide, learned a lot. By the way, yesterday I rode the train to Paveletsky station.So on the way there was so much litter, that Tunisia could not even dream.Look around, in fact we do not have everything smooth and clean.And Tunisia is beautiful by sea, Sahara, clean hotels and ordinary people who also earn money how they can: trade, cleaning and cooking in hotels.By the way, the food was delicious and varied.A lot of fruit .
Re: Holiday in Tunisia greekorn September 19, 2018 Dear fellow citizens, you will always be treated as you deserve it))) Arriving in Tunisia on my own, I went to Gare de Tunis (railway station), and when I realized that at 8 pm in Sousse I will not leave here (though I did not understand the reason), went to Stacion de louage (to the bus) where for 10 and a small dinars very quickly left, I got in 2 hours)) I walk down any street at any time and a lot of people come and chat and say they love Russia and always yell “Russia” “Moscow” “St. Petersburg” and the like)))) The local policemen, 4pc, standing by their car on the square at night when no one is around, waving and beckoning, had a nice chat with them, I laughed and went to bed…) And when you with your big mouth and your ugly face ask for something or even show up anywhere and treat people disrespectfully and like servants, then of course you will be horrified and everywhere))) So I want to say stay at home or go to the countryside on vacation)) .
Re: Отдых в Тунисе АннаЯрославль 8 Август, 2019 Добрый день.r>Tunisia is an interesting country and culture that is unusual for us. As everywhere else it happens – a lot of positive, there is some negative. But on vacation you should not do macro shots of mold in the room, and try to have the maximum rest, who likes to rest on the beach, someone backpack behind his back and the sights. We were with kids last year at Tapsus Mahdia hotel, the hotel is listed as 3*, we liked everything, sea, hotel, cuisine and excursions, which were planned by ourselves, I do not like organized tours. We will go to Sahara Beach this year and I hope everything will be great as well. I did not notice a disparaging attitude towards the Russians, if you behave adequately, then you will have the same attitude.
Re: Отдых в Тунисе Ласточка 7 Декабрь, 2019 r>Is there anything for children to see in Tunisia? Like zoos, aquariums and other attractions? Or a purely cultural heritage for adults? Children are small and excursions are not for them yet.
Re: Отдых в Тунисе admin 7 Декабрь, 2019 r>Basically, as far as I know, such attractions are only on the territory of individual complexes, but so that separately, this is not recalled. Certainly to use entertainments in the territory of hotels, it is necessary to live there, from the outside are not allowed.
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