Venezuela country


Hymn of Venezuela

Venezuela is a colorful and distinctive country situated in the north of the South American continent and is washed by the waters of the Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. The most demanding traveler Venezuela will be surprised by its diversity – there are snow-capped peaks of the majestic Andes, and the Amazon rainforest, long sandy beaches and waterfalls, fertile valleys and sultry steppes. The country is able to conquer anyone with its unique landscapes, exotic flora and fauna and excellent conditions for recreation.

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Video: Venezuela

What to come for

Venezuela is perfect for both the outdoor enthusiasts and the lazy ones. The country’s coastline – numerous comfortable bays with clean beaches. Resorts in Venezuela is rich in entertainment, they offer tourists canoeing and catamaran rides, sailing, horseback riding, golf, scuba diving.

The ski resorts of the Sierra Nevada de Merida from December to May invite fans of winter sports.

The country has many nature reserves and national parks, where ecotourism lovers will enjoy their time. The most popular are the Guiana Plateau, the Orinoco River, the accessible areas of the Andes.

Fans of bright and noisy events will be amazed by the scope of carnivals, the most important of which is held 40 days before Easter.

Extremes will have an unforgettable experience canoeing on the Orinoco River, where they will be accompanied by Indian guides. The natives will introduce travelers to their customs, treat them to authentic Indian dishes, and teach them how to catch delicious worms on coconut palms.

Caracas Road to Mount Roraima

Cities of Venezuela


Venezuela’s main attractions are of natural origin and carefully preserved by the people of the country. The most outstanding place is Canaima National Park, where you will get to know Venezuela’s calling card – the world’s highest mountain waterfall Angel, falling from a height of 978 meters. A truly grandiose spectacle!

Carnival in Mérida Orinoco Delta

The Orinoco River Delta is a myriad of islands overgrown with virgin jungle. Beside the river in huts on stilts live the Warao Indians, whose main occupation is fishing, woodcarving, and hunting. The river is home to the anaconda, the world’s largest snake.

Los Roques Islands are known for their coral reefs and beautiful atolls, perfect for snorkeling and diving. At the research station, visitors admire the sea creatures: huge snails, lobsters, turtles.

Nivaldito National Park will surprise you with its variety of landscapes. There are deserts and lush rainforests, beaches where you can surf or watch sea turtles lay eggs. On the island of Patos there is an abundance of cacti, snakes and lizards.

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In Henri Drinks Park, you’ll be amazed by orchids with mind-blowing colors and countless magnificent waterfalls. Playa Cayagua is recognized as one of the best beaches for surfing.

The beautiful Morrocoi National Park is popular with tourists, on its reefs and islets you can go fishing, swimming, water skiing.

In Mochima Park, tourists watch iguanas, deer, aguti, turtles, capuchin monkeys and dolphins. For diving enthusiasts, there is an excellent infrastructure here.

Los Llanos Savannas is a wildlife sanctuary where manatees, dolphins, crocodiles, and guinea pigs live. Tourists can stay at the ancient cattle ranches. In these places you can participate in jeep or boat safaris. Only 2% of the population lives here, in an area of 35,000 square kilometers, unique species of flora and fauna are found due to the isolation.

The road in Henri Drinking Capybara Park in the Los Llanos Savannas

The main man-made attractions of the country are located in El Centro, the old part of the capital Caracas. Here tourists can admire the Catholic Cathedral, built in 1636, and other buildings of the XVII-XVIII centuries. In the capital worthy of attention Pantheon, where buried Simón Bolívar, the Museum of Colonial Art, Museum of Fine Arts, Science Museum and Museum of Transport. Very beautiful Cathedral on the square of Bolivar and the Chapel of Santa Rosa, where the independence of Venezuela was declared. In Caracas it is definitely worth a walk in the botanical garden with a rich collection of cacti. The nightlife of the capital boils in the districts of Las Mercedes, La Foresta, La Satelliana.

Margarita Island is the “Pearl of the Caribbean”, called so not only because of its beauty, but also because of the abundance of pearls in the local waters. Everything is created here for a perfect recreation: heavenly beaches, tropical climate, exotic nature, and first-class hotel infrastructure. La Samana Spa beauty center offers treatments with sea salts.

The pirate island of Tortuga is a paradise for those who are tired of human bustle and crave quiet solitude. The only things that break the silence here are the sound of the sea and the cries of birds.

Streets of Coro

Very popular with tourists is the city of Merida, surrounded by colorful scenery. The city attracts numerous parks, picturesque residential neighborhoods, museums. Nearby Mérida is the Condor Park, Bocono Garden City, beautiful lakes and waterfalls. Fans of rock climbing will be interested in the highest point of Venezuela – Peak Bolivar. Here, after taking the longest cable car in the world (12.6 km), you will enjoy the magnificent views of unspoiled nature.

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The cities of Coro, the first capital of the country, and Cumana are the oldest Spanish settlements on the continent. It was from Cumana that greedy gold prospectors left in search of Eldorado. In Coro you can walk along the Calle Zamora, the most beautiful street of the country, visit the Museum of Family Traditions and the Virtual Art Museum and admire the picturesque architecture. Corot is a UNESCO cultural heritage site.

Step by step around the world


Venezuela ( Venezuela ) is a state located in the north of South America, the full official form is the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela ( Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela ). Venezuela – a colorful country that can amaze any traveler with its snow-capped peaks of the majestic Andes and impassable Amazon jungle, endless sandy beaches and roaring waterfalls, fertile valleys and hot steppes. The resorts of Venezuela are unforgettable canoeing, sailing, horseback riding, skiing, diving, and much more.

Venezuela – a natural “vinaigrette

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Capital city

Caracas - the capital city of Venezuela

The capital of Venezuela, Caracas, is located in the picturesque mountain valley of the Caribbean Andes. Caracas is a large, bustling metropolis combining modern high-rise and colonial buildings, decorated with parks, gardens and greenery. The city was founded in 1567 on the place of a burnt down Caracas Indian village, and today is a big economic center of Latin America and the country’s cultural center, with ancient squares, museums, theaters and universities.

Flag of Venezuela

The flag of Venezuela (flag of Venezuela) is a rectangular cloth with a side ratio of 2:3, consisting of three equal horizontal stripes. It has a yellow stripe at the top, a blue stripe in the middle and a red stripe at the bottom. In the center of the flag, on a blue stripe are eight white five-pointed stars in a semi-circle.


  • yellow – rich in gold, minerals and other minerals
  • red – the bloody colonial regime in Spain
  • Blue – waters of Atlantic ocean
  • 8 stars – the provinces of Venezuela: Caracas, Barinas, Barcelona, Cumana, Margarita, Merida, Trujillo and West Guyana.
For all the flags of the countries of the world, see here.

Venezuela's coat of arms

The Venezuelan coat of arms is a shield divided into three sectors painted in the colors of the national flag (yellow, red and blue). In the yellow sector are a sword, a sword and three spears, as well as two national flags linked by a branch of laurel, recalling the victories of the liberation struggle. The red section shows a sheaf of rye, a symbol of the country’s agriculture and fertile land, and the 20 ears correspond to the number of states that make up Venezuela. In the lower blue sector is a white horse galloping across the vast expanse of the country.

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Above the shield are two crossed horns of plenty, symbolizing the country’s natural wealth and prosperity. The composition is framed with an olive and a palm branch tied with a ribbon colored in the colors of the national flag. On the blue stripe, marked with gold, the following words:

  • April 19, 1810 – Independence.
  • February 20, 1859 – Federation
  • Republic of Venezuela
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On May 25, 1881, the song “Gloria al Bravo Pueblo” (“Glory to the Brave People”) was approved as the anthem of Venezuela by President Antonio Guzmán Blanco. The verses were written in 1810 by physician and journalist Vicente Salias. The composer Juan José Landaeta later wrote music to these verses, but both authors died after the Spanish suppression of the First Republic. From 1840 the melody became popular as “La Marsellesa Venezolana” (“The Venezuelan Marseillaise”), because of its resemblance to the French anthem. The modern version of the anthem, which had undergone some changes, was published in 1947.


The currency of Venezuela is the Venezuelan bolivar (sign: Bs , BsF ; code: VEF ), equal to 100 centimo . The currency is named after the country’s national hero, Simon Bolivar. In circulation are coins in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 12½, 25 and 50 centimes and 1 bolivar, and banknotes in denominations of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 bolivars. U.S. dollars are also widely used (in markets, stores, and private shops).

Coins of Venezuela

Coins of Venezuela

Banknotes of Venezuela

Banknotes of Venezuela

Venezuela on the world map

Venezuela is a state located in the north of South America, bordered to the east by Guyana, to the south by Brazil, to the west by Colombia, and to the north by the waters of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean. Venezuela has an area of 912,050 km2 .

Where is Venezuela

The Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is divided into four geographic regions:

  • North – the Venezuelan highlands (the highest point is Mount Pico Bolivar, 5,007 meters)
  • Northwest: Lake and the Maracaibo Plain.
  • the central part: the tropical Llanos region
  • the southern and southeastern part of the Guiana highlands, where the Angel Falls, the highest waterfall in the world (979 meters high) are located
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Venezuela has about 1,000 rivers, the largest and most important of which is the Orinoco River, stretching for 2,500 km. About 40% of the entire country is covered by tropical forests.

What is worth seeing in Venezuela?

Here is a small list of places of interest that you should pay attention to when planning excursions in Venezuela:

Attractions of Venezuela

  • Los Roques Archipelago
  • Virgen del Valle Basilica
  • Botanical Garden in Caracas
  • Angel Falls
  • Soroape Falls
  • Roraima Mountain
  • El Pinar Zoo
  • Cableway in Caracas
  • Warao Indian Camp
  • Ibrahim Al Ibrahim Mosque
  • Colonial Museum Quinta De Anauco
  • Caracas Museum of Modern Art
  • Canaima National Park
  • Margarita Island
  • Monument to the Virgin Mary in Trujillo
  • Fountains Amusement Park
  • Exotic Tropical Plants Park
  • Orinoco River
  • Vela Margarita Surf Center
  • Fort La Galera

Biggest Cities

  • Caracas, the capital of Venezuela
  • Maracaibo
  • Valencia
  • Barquisimeto
  • Ciudad Guayana
  • Maturin
  • Barcelona
  • Maracay
  • Bailadores
  • Turmero


The climate of Venezuela is subequatorial throughout most of the country. The only difference in the seasons is the amount of precipitation: the rainy season begins in the summer and dry trade winds blow in the winter. The average night temperature during the whole year is within +21 °С … + 25 °С, and the summer temperature ranges from +26 °С to +34 °С. The northern coast of Venezuela receives the least amount of precipitation – 300-600 mm per year, while the windward slopes of the mountains and the southeastern part of the Guiana Plateau are considered the wettest places – 2500-3000 mm per year. The best time to visit Venezuela is from November to May, when the rainy season ends.


Venezuelan People

Venezuela has a population of 31,814,557 (data as of February 2017). The national composition of the country is as follows: 68% are mestizos, 20% are Europeans, particularly Italians, French, Germans, Portuguese and Spaniards, 9% are from the African continent, and 3% are Indians. Each year a large number of immigrants, both legal and illegal, arrive from Colombia. The average life expectancy of women in Venezuela is 74 – 76 years, and of men 69 – 71 years.

The official language of Venezuela is Spanish, spoken by most of the country’s population. In total, there are more than 40 different languages in the country. The 1999 Constitution of Venezuela recognized as official, in addition to Spanish, other spoken languages of indigenous peoples of Venezuela. English is studied as a compulsory second language at institutions of higher education. Other common languages are Chinese, Italian, French, Catalan, Portuguese, Arabic, and the languages of the local Amerindian peoples “Arawak”, “Cariba” and “Chibcha”.

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The Venezuelan Constitution guarantees freedom of religion. The majority of the faithful are Catholics (89%) and Protestants (7%). Other religions and beliefs account for 4%.


Venezuelan Holidays

  • January 1 – New Year
  • March 21 – Anniversary of the Abolition of Slavery
  • March – May – Easter and Easter Holidays
  • April 19 – Independence Day
  • May 1 Labor Day
  • June 24 – Battle of Carabobo Day
  • July 5 National Day
  • July 24 Birthday of Bolivar
  • November 1 – All Saints Day
  • November 2 – Day of All the Deceased
  • October 12 Columbus Day
  • December 17 Day of Simón Bolívar’s Death
  • December 25 – Christmas


souvenirs from Venezuela

Here’s a little list of the most common souvenirs that tourists usually take back from Venezuela:

  • Venezuelan cocoa and coffee
  • hammocks
  • clay dolls
  • dried and varnished piranha
  • wicker baskets
  • pearl jewelry
  • dark chocolate
  • brightly colored woven home goods and capes

“No nail, no rod” or customs regulations

Venezuela’s customs regulations allow unlimited amounts of foreign and local currency to be imported/exported, but amounts over $10,000 must be declared. Jewelry and gold are also required to be declared.


Individuals 18 years of age or older may import duty-free up to 200 cigarettes or up to 25 cigars; up to 2 liters of alcoholic beverages; up to 4 bottles of perfume; and other packaged goods not exceeding $1,000.


Transit of drugs and narcotics, weapons and ammunition, toxic chemicals, meat and meat products, plants or plant materials is prohibited. The export of stuffed animals, hides and live animals, rare animal species, and objects and things of historical, artistic or archaeological value is prohibited.


When importing pets, you must provide a veterinary certificate with a mark of trivalent vaccination, including rabies and distemper.

Voltage in the electric network

Mains voltage: 120 volts , with a frequency of 60 hertz. Outlet type: Type A , Type B . The appliances that are supplied with 220V are connected to the sockets of type G.

Phone number and domain name

The telephone country code: +58 First-level domain name: .ve

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