Vietnam country

Vietnam – vacation in the evergreen country, a little about the sea, hotels, resorts and islands

Holidays in Vietnam has long occupied one of the leading positions among the tourists of the world. Let’s understand a little bit, why so many people buy tourist trips here, where it is located in general, whether you need a visa, what kind of sea there , climate and weather, as well as talk about the main resorts and islands of Vietnam

If you have long dreamed of an unusual country with reasonable prices and a warm climate: Vietnam is your choice! This country will surprise you with its unusual, magical nature, age-old traditions and friendly people!

Well TAM has prepared for you a detailed article about this friendly country.

Brief information about the country

The very name of the state “Vietnam” is formed from two words: “Viet” – the title, the main, most common nationality of the country; “Nam” – from the Vietnamese language translates as “South”. Why is this so? It’s because the Vietnamese have a very close, friendly relationship with their neighbor, China. For them, China is their “Northern neighbor,” while the Vietnamese associate themselves with the South of Asia. At the same time, according to the ethnic conviction, the “Viets” are one people.

The capital of Vietnam is Hanoi.

Where is Vietnam

Vietnam is located on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. “Neighbors” of Vietnam are such countries as Laos, Cambodia and China.

The country is washed by the South China Sea.

Population

According to data for 2015: The population of Vietnam is – 93.9 million people.

Many tourists have noted that the indigenous population is very good-natured and friendly in everyday communication. They often smile and listen carefully, especially if it is a tourist.

Many people in this country are underweight – it is clearly visible “with the naked eye”. This is due to the fact that the “thin” person is easier to bear a hot, humid climate, as well, in the country, for a long time, was very poorly developed agriculture and meat production.

Climate

The Republic will meet you with a tropical, monsoon type climate. The humidity is extremely high. The country is ready to receive tourists in any month of the year – the average temperature ranges from +18 (in December) to +40 (from early summer to the end of summer).

Also on the territory of the state often go warm (strong, but briefly temporary) rains and showers, because of this there are difficulties with movement in the city, and long travels between cities (water washes away not paved roads).

When is the best time to travel to Vietnam?

If you decide to take a trip, it is best to do it in November or December.The ambient temperature will allow you to forget about the cold and snow, and fully enjoy the seas and attractions!

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Variety of vacations

Thoughtful, with an introduction to the country’s history and visits to museums and monuments

The history of China’s “Southern Neighbor” is full of a variety of historical events. This is the reign of the Great Ho Chi Minh City, as well as monuments of the Colonial period of the country, including museums of the ancient settlers – the “Viets”. Vietnam opens its doors to every tourist who wants to learn more about Asian culture!

Beach Vacation

Vietnam has a sufficient number of warm beaches. An interesting feature: you can meet the beaches, which speak only Russian. This will allow you to make new friends and not feel like a “stranger” in another country.

Active Recreation

Sports, visiting pilot courses, skydiving, diving, and much more. There is always something to do for those who do not just sit in one place – Vietnam strives to satisfy all the needs of active tourists!

Where is the best place to stay?

It is best to be accommodated in a hotel, booked in advance by the travel company. Officially, there is no distribution in the European system of hotel categories. However, for the convenience of tourists, the owners of the settlements indicate their hotels in the usual system of comfort levels (from 1 star to 5-star hotel).

Also, guest houses are always open for you. The cost of living in them is much lower than in hotels, the level of living conditions – close to the natural and traditional in the Republic – keep this in mind!

Many tour operators offer a proven landlord of rooms “for one night”, which allows you to make a long itinerary of travel and save on renting accommodation, while – not “lost” in the experience.

How to get to the country?

You can get there by plane: There are direct flights from Moscow and other cities, which adds a little bit to the flight time.

The average direct flight time from Moscow to Hanoi is 9 hours.

The average cost of a flight from Moscow to Hanoi is 15 thousand rubles.

Conclusion

Vietnam is an interesting, cultural and modern country, where every tourist will be comfortable and interesting! When you return home, you will long remember and reflect on each day of your stay – it is a new world of inferences and rethinking of the worldview!

Cons . Of the things that can, somewhat, spoil a vacation in Vietnam, we can highlight:

  • Very hot and humid climate , but which will leave a distinct tan on your skin;
  • Non-existent framework for defining comfort in hotels, which is somewhat uncomfortable and incorrect (sometimes the hotel does not match the level of comfort declared by the owner), compared to other Asian and European countries;
  • Long flight time from Moscow.
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Pros . However, all these disadvantages are covered:

  • Loyal to the tourist locals;
  • A large number of beaches (including Russian-speaking);
  • Low cost of the rooms “for one night”!

Choosing for his trip to Vietnam, you will have an unforgettable adventure, new emotions and an incredible charge of positive emotions!

The Country Vietnam – Information and Facts

Vietnam is a colorful country with lotus lakes, monkey islands, white and red dunes, lots of colorful waterfalls, unique bays, Buddhist temples and centuries-old pagodas, with breathtaking scenery and miserable houses of the Vietnamese.

The Vietnamese have their own unique mentality while being influenced by other nations throughout their history. A trip to Vietnam is an unforgettable immersion in the exotic.

An intimate acquaintance with the state will take place right now, if you open our page dedicated to Vietnam, its main features and interesting facts about the country.

Vietnam: general data, meaning of the name

The Socialist Republic of Vietnam occupies an area on the Indochina Peninsula in Southeast Asia. Laos and Cambodia are its western border neighbors, China is its northern neighbor, and the South China Sea caresses the eastern and southern shores of Vietnam.

The country’s territory is small: 331,210 km2. It is the 66th largest country in the world. The population of Vietnam is the 15th largest in the world: 95,600,600 people live in Vietnam.

In the 16th century, the poet Nguyen Binh Khiem first used the name “Vietnam” in his book “The Prophecies of Trang Chinh”. The word itself consists of two components: “Viet” for Viets and “Nam” for south. The emperor Zia Long used the name “Vietnam” in documents dating from 1804 to 1813, although before 1945 the country was referred to as “Annam. In 1945, Emperor Bao Dai officially changed the country’s name to Vietnam.

The official language in the country is Vietnamese. Residents speak English, Chinese, French and Russian.

Tourism in Vietnam

Over the past 20-30 years, the tourism industry has become an important part of the Vietnamese economy. The tourism sector in Vietnam tends to grow. Visitors mainly come from the United States, China and South Korea. In the last decade, Russian tourists have been actively getting to know Vietnam.

The country annually receives more than 6 million visitors from different countries. Vietnam has become a new “pilgrimage destination” in Southeast Asia for beach lovers, hikers, nature lovers and those who love to explore the culture of the state.

The coastline in the country was extended for three thousand kilometers, so investors in hotel construction have room to spread. Travel agencies offer a variety of programs to get acquainted with the country and at the same time relaxing by the sea.

If in earlier years, the main part of GDP was brought by the agricultural sector, now the burden is taken by the service sector. These are hotels, transport, catering, bringing in more than a third of GDP.

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Popular resorts are Nha Trang, Mui Ne, Dalat, and Phan Thiet.

Having a rich history, Vietnam attracts with the sights, both man-made and created by the nature. There is a bay on the territory of SRV which is included by UNESCO in the list of World Natural Heritage – it is Halong Bay.

Many seek out the spectacular Ponggur Waterfall near Dalat, another creation of nature. The mangrove forests of Canzo, the Mekong River delta, lotus lakes, white and red dunes are a small list of nature’s “work” in Vietnam.

The Cham culture has left the Cham towers of Po Nagar and the temple complex in Michonne to the Vietnamese.

Many objects of culture and history are placed in significant and large cities of the country. Among them are the Temple of Literature in Hanoi, the main post office building in Ho Chi Minh City and the Cu Chi Tunnels in the outskirts of the city.

A large number of palaces and temples (one of the famous palace complexes – Thu Cam Thanh) allowed the city of Hue to be included in the UNESCO heritage list.

Water Puppet Theater, Lake of the Returned Sword, Hong La Monkey Island, Linh Phuoc Pagoda, built from shards and splinters, the Black Lady Mountain, Hang Nga Madhouse.

Intrigued? And this is not the whole list of wonders of Vietnam.

Among the modern attractions are popular: the Mausoleum of Ho Chi Minh, statues of Buddha (lying, sitting), cableway over the sea to the island of Hon Che, where the amusement park “Winperl” was built, the Vietnamese version of Notre Dame. And museums telling the story of the leader Ho Chi Minh are populated throughout the country.

People also come here for recovery: mud baths with thermal waters Thap Ba is always welcome.

Ethnic composition in the country

According to official data, there are 54 nationalities in Vietnam. However, there are many more ethnic groups.

The ethnic composition of the country’s inhabitants in numbers is as follows: the Viets live 85.7%, the Thai 1.9%, the Muong and the Khmer 1.5% each, the Miao Yao 2.13% and the Nung 1.1%.

The other nationalities are represented in smaller numbers: Chinese, Banaras, Sedangs, Khoa, Sré, Hré, Mnong, Sanziu, Santhai, Raglay, etc.

The official nationalities are linguistically grouped into 8 groups: Vietnamese, Mon-Khmer, Chinese, Tibeto-Burman, Thai, Miao-Miao, Tiam and those who speak the Cadaian languages.

The mountain peoples of Vietnam are grouped in the Highlanders or Thuong group.

Religious Preferences of the Vietnamese

There are Buddhists (only 9.3%), Catholics (6.7%), Khao Khao (about 1.5%), Protestants (0.5%), and Kaodai (1.1%) among the residents.

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The rest of the population are either atheists or hold folk beliefs. They are based on the ritual of tho kung tho tien. It is a cult of ancestors. It is an unformed faith with no hierarchy of clergy. Since the followers of the cult of ancestors perform their rituals in Buddhist temples, many people mistakenly consider about 80% of the country’s population to be Buddhists.

Vietnam’s Economy

In the late 1980s, Vietnam was also hit by an economic crisis. Since 1986, the country began reforms aimed at the development of market relations. At the same time the benchmarks of socialism have not been removed. Not only that, the state controls private enterprise. Article 15 of the Vietnamese Constitution fixes at the state level the recognition in the country of the nationwide, collective and private property.

The reforms made Vietnam a leader among ASEAN members in 1995-1997. Thirty percent of all capital investment in the state was made by foreign companies. GDP grew by 8.9% annually.

In 1998-1999, the Asian financial crisis led to a decrease in imports into the country and an expansion of exports. Of course, investment from outside decreased as well.

Vietnam is characterized by very high property prices with low incomes. The purchasing power of the Vietnamese is low. For the most part, the Vietnamese live poor, poor and in a dirty country. At the same time they manage to maintain an average level of security in the country, which pleases newcomers. The health care industry, compared to other Asian countries, is well developed.

According to 2015 data, GDP per capita has already reached $6,400.00. The GDP growth rate is 6.10%. On average, Vietnamese earn about 7.5 million VND per month. The president’s salary in the country does not exceed the average Vietnamese salary.

The state uses the wealth of nature to develop its economy: manganese, coal, timber, oil, gas, phosphate, bauxite, chromite, hydropower. The industrial sector employs 15% of the population. Everyone has heard about Vietnamese cell phones, office equipment and computer parts, household appliances.

And yet the Vietnamese sew clothes, shoes, are engaged in agriculture and shipbuilding. About 52% of the Vietnamese population works in agriculture, which accounts for 21% of GDP. In the fields of the country we can see peppers, soybeans, cashews, bananas, peanuts and sugar cane. Rice, rubber, coffee, tea, and cotton take precedence in the country. Revenue from tea production exceeds 150 million dollars. Fishing and seafood processing are also gaining momentum.

Since tourism in Vietnam also tends to develop, the service sector requires reforms and effective steps. About 33% of the country’s population is employed in the service sector.

Who rules the country: the polity of Vietnam

Vietnam has a republican form of government. The Communist Party has the leading role in the country.

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The unicameral National Assembly is the highest authority in the state. It consists of 498 deputies. This is the only body which adopts the Constitution and laws. The President and all the other authorities (e.g. Supreme People’s Court, Supreme People’s Procuracy) report to it. Members of the National Assembly are elected for a term of five years.

The head of state in Vietnam is the President, elected by the People’s Assembly for a five-year term. International treaties are concluded on his behalf. He has the right to recall the Vice President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Prosecutor. He is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Vietnamese Armed Forces.

Administrative division of Vietnam

The country is divided into 58 provinces and five cities: Hanoi, Hai Phong, Ho Chi Minh City, Can Tho and Da Nang. The population in the provinces and cities elects people’s councils, the local authorities. They are legitimate for four years. Provinces are divided into districts (counties).

The authorities in the provinces and cities have had the right to conduct foreign trade since 1997.

Top 10 interesting facts about Vietnam and its people

1. Each Vietnamese eats 169 kilograms of rice a year. And this fact has become the reason for the country to take the 2nd place in the world in terms of rice consumption per capita. Burma leads the list.

2. Vietnam is the leading supplier of cashew nuts and black pepper to the world markets. The country ranks 2nd in coffee exports (after Brazil), although coffee trees were introduced into the country by the French in 1857.

3. Knowing only two Vietnamese surnames will introduce you to half of the country’s inhabitants, 40% of whom have the surname Nguyen and 11% Chan.

4. Vietnam is called a country of motorcyclists: each family has 2 or more motorcycles.

5. The Vietnamese language is almost impossible to learn by yourself. It has 6 tonal shades, i.e. if you pronounce a word in different tones, you change its meaning dramatically. For comparison, in Chinese there are only 4 tones.

6. Tea is offered free of charge in public catering establishments. Leave 5-10% of the drink in your cup.

7. Vietnam is a country of long-livers. There are many citizens whose age has passed the 100-year mark. And there are thousands of them!

8. In the country, death is considered a way out of life’s difficulties, so they have fun at funerals. The graves are decorated with ceramic tiles, like in a bathroom.

9. In Vietnamese schools, students choose their own subjects, but each subject must be paid for, so students work.

10. The Vietnamese are sugar lovers. They add it to almost all dishes, even meat. When ordering food, tell them to bring sugar-free dishes.

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