What is the longest river in Europe and where is the

Top 10. Europe’s longest rivers

Every second city in Europe is built by a river. And this is no accident, because it has always been a major factor in the growth of agglomeration. We love to spend our holidays on the banks of this water flow, admiring the beauty of the surrounding landscape. But we don’t even think about how long they can be. It’s time to fix the knowledge gap: in this article, you’ll learn which are the longest rivers in Europe.

10. Vyatka (1314 km)


Vyatka , which opens the rating of the longest in Europe has a length of 1314 km, originates from the Verkhnekamskaya Upland, located in the Republic of Udmurtia. The estuary flows into the Kama, the fifth-longest river in Europe (but we’ll get there). It has a basin area of 129,000 square kilometers.

The Vyatka is considered a river of the eastern European plain with a lot of meandering. It is used for navigation and rafting. But river routes go only to the city of Kirov (from the mouth 700 km).

The river is rich in fish: residents regularly catch pike, perch, roach, pikeperch, etc.

The towns of Kirov, Sosnovka, and Orel are situated on the banks of the Vyatka.

  • Countries through which it flows: Russia.

9. Dniester (1352 km)


The source of the river is 1352 km long and is located in the village of Volchye in Lviv Region. Dniester flows into the Black Sea. The river flows through the territories of Ukraine and Moldova. The borders of these countries in some part pass just along the Dniester. The cities of Ribnita, Tiraspol and Bendery are founded on the river. The area of the basin is 72,100 sq. km.

After the collapse of the USSR navigation on the Dniester decreased, and in the past decade it has almost disappeared. Now only small ships and sightseeing motorboats sail along the river, which is listed as the longest in Europe.

  • Countries through which it flows: Ukraine, Moldova.

8. The Oka (1,498 km)


The Oka is considered to be the right tributary of the Volga, which is its mouth. It has its source in a common spring located in the village of Aleksandrovka, Oryol Region. The length of the river is 1498 km.

Cities: Kaluga, Ryazan, Nizhny Novgorod, Murom stand on the Oka. The ancient city of Divyagorsk was once built on the river, which is included in the rating of the longest in Europe. Now the Oka, the basin area of which is 245,000 square kilometers, has washed it away by almost 90%.

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Navigation on the river, due to its gradual shallowing, is unstable. It was suspended in 2007, 2014, and 2015. This also affected the number of fish in the river: it began to slowly disappear.

  • Countries through which it flows: Russia.

7. Pechora (1,809 km)


The Pechora, 1,809 km long, flows through the Komi Republic and the Nenets Autonomous District, flowing into the Barents Sea. The Pechora has its source in the north of the Urals. Cities such as Pechora and Naryan-Mar are built near the river.

The river is navigable, but the river routes go only to the town of Troitsko-Pechorsk. Fishing is well developed: salmon, whitefish, and vendace are caught.

The Pechora, which ranks seventh among the longest in Europe, is known for the fact that its basin, with an area of 322,000 square kilometers, has deposits of oil and gas and hard coal.

  • Countries through which it flows: Russia.

6. Don (1,870 km).


Starting from the Central Russian Upland, the Don flows into the Sea of Azov. Many people believe that the source of the Don is in the Shat reservoir. But this is not true. The river begins from the brook Urvanka, which is located in the city of Novomoskovsk.

The Don is a navigable river with a basin of 422,000 square kilometers. It is navigable from the beginning of its mouth (Sea of Azov), to the city of Liski. Such cities as Rostov-on-Don, Azov, and Voronezh were founded on the river, which is included in the rating of the longest (1,870 km).

Significant pollution of the river has led to a reduction in its fish stocks. But it still suffices: about 67 species of fish live in the Don. Perch, redfin, pike, bream and roach are considered the most caught.

  • Countries through which it flows: Russia.

5. Kama (1,880 km).


This river, more than 1,880 km long, is the main river in the Western Urals. The source of the Kama River originates near the village of Karpushata, which is located in the Verkhnekayemskaya Upland. The river falls into the Kuybyshev reservoir, from where flows the Volga – the longest river in Europe.

It is worth noting that 74,718 rivers are in the Kama basin, which is 507,000 square kilometers. More than 90% of them are just over 10 km long.

Many people think that the Kama and the Volga are one. That’s a misconception: the Kama is much older than the Volga. Before the Ice Age, the mouth of this river was part of the Caspian Sea, and the Volga was a tributary of the Don River. The Ice Age changed all that: the Volga is now a major tributary of the Kama.

  • Countries through which it flows: Russia.
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4. Dnieper (2201 km)


This river is considered the longest in Ukraine and the fourth longest in Russia (2201 km). In addition to Nezalezhnaya, the Dnieper touches the territories of Russia and Belarus. Its source is located on the Valdai highlands. Dnieper flows into the Black Sea. Such millionaire cities as Dnepropetrovsk and Kiev are based on the river.

The Dnieper is said to have a very slow and calm current. The basin area is 504,000 square kilometers. There are more than 60 species of fish in the river. People fish for carp, herring, and sturgeon. Also, the Dnieper is rich in numerous species of algae. The most common are the green ones. But diatoms, goldfish and cryptophytes also predominate.

  • Countries through which it flows: Ukraine, Russia, Belarus.

3. Ural (2420 km).


The Ural River (named after the geographic region of the same name) flows from the summit of Round Sopka in Bashkortostan. It passes through the territory of Russia, Kazakhstan and flows into the Caspian Sea. It is more than 2420 km long.

It is believed that the Ural divides the geographical zones of Asia and Europe. But it is not quite true: only the upper part of the river is the line dividing Eurasia. Such cities as Orenburg and Magnitogorsk are built in the Urals.

Few ships sail along the river, which received a “bronze” in the rating of the longest rivers in Europe. They go mainly fishing, because the Ural is famous for the abundance of fish. Sturgeon, catfish, pike-perch and starred sturgeon are caught here. The area of the river basin is 231,000 square kilometers.

  • Countries through which it flows: Russia, Kazakhstan.

2. Danube (2,950 km)


Danube is the first longest in the Western part of the Old World (more than 2950 km). But it is still inferior to our Volga, occupying the second place in the ranking of the longest rivers in Europe.

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The Danube has its source in the Black Forest Mountains, which are located in Germany. It flows into the Black Sea. Famous European capitals: Vienna, Belgrade, Bratislava and Budapest were built near this river. It is included in the UNESCO list of protected sites. It has a basin area of 817,000 square kilometers.

  • Countries through which it flows: Germany, Austria, Croatia, Serbia, Hungary, Romania, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Ukraine.

1. Volga (3,530 km)


Almost everyone in our country knows that the Volga is the longest river in Russia. But few people guess – in Europe it is also in first place. The river, which is 3,530 kilometers long, starts from the Valdai hills and ends at the faraway Caspian Sea. On the Volga are built cities of millions, such as Nizhny Novgorod, Volgograd, and Kazan. The area of the river (1,361,000 square kilometers) is approximately equal to 30% of the European territory of our country. The Volga runs through 15 regions of Russia. It is home to over 70 species of fish, 40 of which are commercially viable.

The 6 biggest rivers of Europe, which cause admiration

Water bodies of our planet are beautiful, each of them is unique. But there are such rivers that run through the whole country or several countries, impressing with their size and rich flora and fauna. We present to your attention the top 6 largest rivers in Europe.

1. Volga (Russia)

The Russian Federation is the biggest country, and it is the one, which can be proud of the longest river in Europe. We are talking about the Volga, which is over 3500 km long. The Volga has its source in the region of Tver and flows into the Caspian Sea, dividing in two the European part of Russia.

Volga River

Volga River

On the banks of the Upper Volga, there are numerous forests, fields with crops, orchards. The banks of the Lower Volga have a rich flora and fauna: 1.5 thousand species of insects and 200 species of birds. It is also important that the waters are inhabited by 70 fish species and 40 of them are commercially valuable (bream, sturgeon, pike, ruff and others).

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The Volga is strategically important, because the amount of fish extracted from it provides 20% of the country’s fisheries. There are hydroelectric power plants and reservoirs on the banks of the river, and about half of the country’s agricultural production is located in the basin.

2. Danube (10 European countries)

The source of this river can be found in the mountains of Germany. It flows through the lands of Ukraine, Russia, Moldova, Croatia, Serbia, Austria, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia and Bulgaria, flowing into the Black Sea. The length of the river exceeds 2800 km, the area of its basin reaches 800 thousand km, sometimes it is called the river of ten countries.

Danube River

Danube River

Danube has one unique feature, consisting in the fact that in a certain place it hides underground, going into the rocks. Not far from the source the water is hidden underground, and after 12 km you can see Aah source (key).

The water in the Danube is clear, because the river is fed by melted mountain snow, streams and underground water. But the water has a brown coloring due to the fact that it contains a huge number of silty particles. Therefore, the waters of the Danube can be rightly considered the most turbid in Europe.

3. The Ural (Kazakhstan, Russia)

The third largest river in Europe is called the Ural, which flows through the regions of Russia and Kazakhstan. Its length exceeds 2.4 thousand km and its basin area reaches 230 thousand km. The majestic river begins on the Uraltau mountain range, its winding watercourse runs to the Caspian Sea.

Ural River

The Ural River

This river is considered a border that conventionally divides Europe and Asia. The opinion is erroneous, but in Orenburg a long time ago a monument was erected on which it is written that on one side of the reservoir is Europe, and on the other side – Asia.

There are large industrial complexes located near the water surface, such as a metallurgical plant, a reservoir, the water from which is withdrawn to irrigate the fields for watermelon cultivation. The Ural River satisfies half of the needs of the population of Kazakhstan in fish, so the river is of great economic importance for the development of this region.

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4. Dnieper (Ukraine, Belarus, Russia)

The Dnieper (the length is 2200 km) flows through the territory of 3 fraternal countries – Belarus, Russia and Ukraine. The longest channel is in Ukraine (48%), where many large cities and villages are built on its banks.

The Dnieper is characterized by a quiet course, the source is in a small swamp located in the Smolensk region, flows into the Black Sea. The waters are rich in fish, there are 60 species, but because of bad ecological situation some species of fish are gradually disappearing.

Dnieper River

Dnieper River

Dnieper plays a huge role for the economy and waterways of Ukraine. There are industrial enterprises, hydroelectric power plants, dams, the water is used for irrigation of fields, and passenger ships ply on the Dnieper.

Because of the active use of the resources of the Dnieper over the past 20 years serious environmental problems have arisen. Some species of fish disappeared from the water, the pollution of sewage, swamping occurs.

5. The Don (Russia)

This famous river stretches over 1800 km in Russia, and its source is in Novomoskovsk city (Tula region). It flows through the European part of the country, flowing into the Sea of Azov.

The river is important because 65 species of fish, amphibians and reptiles are found in its waters. The basin is based near the forest-steppe and steppe zones, but active plowing of the steppe land has led to the fact that many species of flora and fauna can no longer be seen in these areas.

There are hydroelectric power plants and dams near the banks, and river boats sail in those areas where the depth allows, although navigation is difficult.

6. Pechora (Russia).

Located in the Komi Republic, it is the 6th largest river in Europe. It is 1,800 km long and its source is in the Northern Urals. Fishing is well developed here, valuable deposits of oil, gas and minerals are concentrated in the Pechora basin.

Pechora River

The Pechora River.

Each of the above rivers is important for the regions through which it flows. Europe’s largest rivers provide huge amounts of water and electricity to major cities, fish are extracted from them, and the water is used to develop agriculture.

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