What vaccinations to get before traveling to India and Goa

What vaccinations we got before we went to India: a list

Hello, my dears! Today I want to tell you what vaccinations we had before our trip to India, how much they cost, in what order they should be given, and how long before the trip you should start getting vaccinated. Here we go!

Hepatitis A.

As it turns out, not everyone can get the Hepatitis A vaccine. And this vaccine is vitally necessary even in Russia! What to speak about India, where unsanitary conditions flourish wildly.

You MUST have this vaccine!

It is given once in a lifetime and consists of two vaccinations, which must be given at an interval of six months. If you do not have time to get two vaccinations before your trip, it’s okay to get at least one.

So open your vaccination certificate (such a blue book) and look for a vaccination against hepatitis A, ideally there should be 2 pieces. If it is – you are good (or rather, your parents).

Hepatitis A vaccine:

If the vaccination certificate does not mention this vaccination, there is a danger that you were vaccinated as a child, but the mark in the certificate was not made, this happens quite often.

What to do? You need to have your blood analyzed at any branch of the Sanitary and Epidemiological Center in your city. Call there, ask how to do the test, come and do it. A few days later you come to get the results which clearly show whether you have the necessary antibodies in your blood or not.

In Yekaterinburg this test can be done in two branches of SES: on Bykov Brothers and on Separate Lane. I did it at Bykov Brothers, no queues.

Sometimes you don’t need to go for the results, you can get them online, check with your SES.

The test cost me 285 rubles.

If you don’t have the right antibodies, you have to get this vaccination.

One shot against Hepatitis A cost 1690 rubles.

2.

As with the previous vaccine, it is compulsory for every person. Once a person gets sick, he stays with the disease for life.

So check your vaccination certificate.

Usually a series of these vaccinations is given once in childhood, but in some cases it can be given again. This is because the protective properties of the vaccine decrease over time. Some people get it faster because of poor immunity or health problems.

It is better to discuss whether you should get this vaccine or not with your doctor. There you can also find out if you can get it for free or not.

3) Tetanus Vaccination

This vaccination is also a must have, even in Russia. So that even with any minor injuries, cuts and other things there was no blood poisoning.

Unlike the previous vaccination, it is not given once and for life. You get a whole series of them as a child, and then one shot every 10 years.

It often happens that a child is vaccinated at school or at the initiative of his parents (that is, someone took care of him), and in adulthood and independent life he does not think about the need for this vaccine.

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So again we open our vaccination certificate and look for a note about this vaccination. We look at the date when the last vaccination was given.

If you have been vaccinated for more than 10 years or are getting close to it, it is time to get it.

You can get it at a regular hospital where you live. You may have to get a voucher; you can decide on the spot.

The good news is that the shot is free.

4. typhoid fever

So, this is the first “exotic” vaccine in our list.

For Russian residents this vaccine is not mandatory. It is given to all who travel to South America, Africa and Southeast Asia, which includes India. Typhoid can be contracted through food or water, as well as through the domestic route. The statistic is fatal in 1% of cases of the disease.

It is given once in a lifetime. Sometimes consists of two shots given at regular intervals. I had a one-time vaccine.

This shot cost me 1020 rubles.

5. For yellow fever.

Another very important vaccine that is given to those who are going to visit Africa, South America and Southeast Asian countries.

The disease is transmitted through a mosquito bite, and there are a lot of mosquitoes in India, even in the north of the country. So don’t take any chances, because the fatality rate for Yellow Fever is as high as 50% among those who get sick.

As far as I know, the vaccine is not lifelong.

The vaccine is given one time.

It cost me 2070 rubles.

After vaccination a sticker like this is issued, which should be pasted into a vaccination certificate or wherever it is convenient for you.

6. Malaria

Malaria is quite a common disease in India. But I never got a vaccination against this disease, because there is no definite vaccine against it.

There are certain medicines that you have to start taking before your trip and drink throughout the trip. But these drugs are very hard for the body, can give a huge number of side effects. So I decided not to take them.

Instead, I suggest doing prevention and protect yourself as much as possible from mosquito bites. Mosquitoes carry a huge variety of diseases, next to which malaria looks miserable.

So be sure to read the article on how to protect yourself from mosquitoes in India.

7. Rabies.

This is also the vaccine we decided not to get and here’s why.

In case you get bitten by an infected animal, you can’t avoid treatment anyway. The vaccine will surely help to fight the virus, but no one can say how effective it is.

That’s why it was decided to just stay away from animals. Believe me, it’s the best protection.

By the way, in India, there are a lot of animals, you can say that everything around you is filled with representatives of the animal world. Among them a lot of dogs, once we even saw a dog sick with rabies, it’s a terrible sight.

So my advice to you: don’t touch wild animals! Don’t let kids play with them (I’ve seen adults let kids touch a doggie)! Don’t anger the monkeys with selfies! And don’t feed squirrels, just in case.

Be sure to read the article about critters in India – it’s a country where everything moved around us.

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8. From Japanese Encephalitis.

About this “miraculous” disease almost nothing is known in Russia. Something is written on the Internet, but the information is very scarce.

Doctors in state clinics and even in paid centers, going through all their medical directories, told me that they had never heard of it. And it is simply impossible to get vaccinated against it in Russia (except in Moscow).

Well, this is a very terrible disease that is transmitted through the bite of a mosquito. If you don’t recognize the disease in time and don’t take measures, after 3 days of illness a person turns into a vegetable for the rest of his life. And that’s if the doctors take action. If they don’t, in a week, or maybe sooner, the person just dies. This virus affects the brain, so there are such irreversible consequences.

As I said, vaccination against this disease is not possible in Russia at the moment (if it is already possible, write in the comments). But you can get it in India, probably for a fee.

We did not do it, we decided just to protect ourselves from mosquitoes. In addition, the disease spreads mainly in the rainy season and a couple of months after. At other times, cases are extremely rare.

9. Polio.

A series of vaccinations against this disease are given in childhood: 3 in the first year and at age 14.

So again we look at our vaccination certificate and see what it says.

If we have our vaccinations, we’re fine. If not, we have to take a blood test for antibodies, like with Hepatitis A or B. And if there are no antibodies in the blood, we have to give the vaccine.

It is worth remembering that polio is not curable. It is transmitted through food and water from sick people. It may be widespread in unhealthy countries.

How Long Before You Travel to Vaccinate

All vaccines have a certain “activation” period, which means that they do not take effect from the moment they are injected into your body, but after a certain period of time.

For some vaccines it’s a week, for some it’s two or a little longer.

That is why I recommend (and the doctors also gave us such recommendations) to get vaccinated at least a month before the trip. Better yet, 2 months in advance.

How to vaccinate

Here doctors disagree: some believe that you can not put several vaccinations together, others inject a whole bunch at once.

We, for example, had a vaccination against tetanus long before the trip. And the doctor at the state clinic did not allow to put it together with the others (against ticks).

And here at the center of immunoprophylaxis, where all major vaccinations were given before the trip, we got them all at once: me 2 pieces, and my husband as much as 3.

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So decide for yourself based on how much time you have in reserve and how you would like to put them.

If you are against vaccinations

For anyone who is against vaccinations, I would like to remind you that the life expectancy and population of our world has increased, particularly due to the invention of antibiotics and vaccines.

Where to get up-to-date information about vaccinations

There is a great website with an interactive map – https://www.privivka.ru/privivki-vzroslym/interaktivnaya-karta/ .

It tells you what vaccinations are required for a particular country and part of the world. Just select the desired country and a list of vaccines will appear.

That’s all for today. I hope you found the information helpful.

Please decide for yourself which vaccinations to get and which not to get. As you can see, we also did not get all of the possible vaccinations, but we don’t refuse them all.

Preparing the body for a trip to India – what vaccinations should be done?

India is an amazing country. Here the stunningly beautiful nature and a special spiritual atmosphere coexists with the terrifyingly dirty streets and disregard for basic hygiene rules.

The tropical climate, combined with almost universal unsanitary conditions, creates an excellent situation for the spread of many infections. When planning a trip to this unusual country, you should find out in advance what can get sick here and should you get vaccinated to India?

What diseases are common in India?

Anyone who has decided to visit India should understand that it is a health risk. The immunity of our compatriots may be powerless against the dangers lurking in this tropical “paradise”. In India you can still catch plague or cholera, i.e. those infections that were defeated in the West a long time ago.

What diseases are common in India:

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    . Disease carriers are special mosquitoes. Humidity and heat are ideal conditions for their reproduction. The risk of infection is particularly high in densely populated areas of the country after the monsoon season (November-March). There is no vaccine against malaria. Therefore, you should stock up in advance with proven remedies such as Doxycycline, Progualin or Chloroquine. These drugs should be started before your trip and for another month afterwards. If you have a high fever, it is likely that an infection has occurred. Therefore, go to your local hospital immediately and have your blood tested. Remember that you should not take Aspirin for malaria; – A severe flu-like infection. The spreader is an infected mosquito. Fever persists for two or more weeks. No vaccinations against the disease. Antibiotics may help; . There are as many as four varieties of this viral disease. All of them “hit” the liver. Hepatitis A is the most common. Contamination comes from dirty water. There are anti-hepatitis vaccines;
  • plague. It’s unlikely to catch it, but it’s possible. Vectors are fleas that parasitize on gophers, rabbits, rats, or camels. The disease is transmitted by the bite of an infected flea. Initial symptoms (1-7 days) are fever, body aches, nausea, and enlarged lymph nodes. If the infection is airborne, the lungs are damaged. Plague is well treated with antibiotics and cured completely if diagnosed early;
  • Cholera is an acute diarrheal infection. The causative agent of this pathology is cholera vibriones, getting into the body with water or food, begins to multiply, causing a person intestinal distress and vomiting. The body quickly becomes dehydrated. The patient’s well-being deteriorates sharply, muscle cramps begin. Body temperature is normal (even low), with no abdominal pain. Without treatment, cholera can be fatal. You should always wash your hands to prevent infection, and drink water only from store-bought (not from hand) plastic bottles. Wash fruits and vegetables with it as well;
  • Antichylostomiasis and necatoriasis. Caused by small parasitic worms, mainly found in the southern and central states. They enter the body with food or by gnawing through the skin. Infection appears as an allergic rash, then the digestive organs are affected. To avoid infection, always wear shoes and do not lie on the ground without clothes;
  • paraganimosis . The disease is caused by a flatworm. Its larvae breed in shellfish that crabs and crayfish eat. Eating such an uncooked “delicacy”, a person can become infected. Symptoms in the acute phase: fever, chest pain, headache.
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To protect yourself from such a variety of infections can be vaccinated against hepatitis A and typhoid. This is the necessary minimum.

And, of course, you should buy health insurance, although it is not required, but without it to go to India is extremely inconsiderate.

What immunizations are required before traveling to India?

Vaccinations before traveling to India are not mandatory. But the peculiarities of the local climate and way of life are such that it is better not to refuse vaccination. Medics recommend taking 10 shots, which, of course, is too much. In addition, the vaccination schedule of all drugs is different and requires a certain amount of time, and the decision to vaccinate, as a rule, just before the trip.

It is wiser to do a few of the most necessary vaccinations, there are only 6:

  • Jaundice (hepatitis A) . This vaccination should be given if the tour will take more than a month. Already the first injection will protect against infection for a year. Revaccination follows after 10 years. If the trip is short, it is better to be vaccinated with immunoglobulin. However, immunizations can also be avoided, if the blood has the necessary antibody titer, which can be checked with a special blood test. Post-vaccination reactions are negligible. Recommended vaccines: the Russian Hep-A-in-VAC, the French Avaxim, and the British Havrix;
  • Typhoid . This bacterial disease is also common in India. Infection is caused by dirty water + lack of sewage systems. The vaccination is a single shot. Immunity is formed after 10-15 days and lasts for 5 years. There are two types of typhoid vaccines licensed in our country. They are French Tifim Vi and domestic Vianvac. Alas, there are no vaccines against paratyphoid A and B. The reason is the same – lack of sanitation. Immunization is carried out with Shigellvak, which protects only against Zonne’s dysentery. There are no vaccines against other types of the disease. Children from 3 years of age can be vaccinated. Immune protection lasts a year. This vaccine should be given if you expect to interact with animals. The course consists of 3 injections: 0-7-21 days. That is, vaccination will take almost a month, so you should think about vaccination well in advance. Protective immunity lasts for 3 years. Vaccines are German Rabipur and Russian KAV. You can also do this vaccination as a reassurance. Allergic reactions may occur. Vaccines are available as drops (oral) or inactivated (shots); . Another recommended vaccination. Immunization is single, protection for 5 years. Our country uses 2 domestic remedies: Meningococcal vaccines: A and A+C, and the French Meningo A+C.
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Start immunization 2 months (or better, even earlier) before your planned departure, and finish the procedures no later than 14 days. This is to give your body time to form an immune defense.

Is it necessary to be vaccinated against yellow fever before a trip to Goa?

Photo 4

For most Russians, the holidays in India are the beaches of Goa. Indeed, that state is considered the most benign in terms of the epidemic situation, so vaccination with all the listed vaccinations can not be done. But is it worth the risk?

Doctors are sure that immunization is necessary. There is a concept of “mandatory” vaccinations for tourists. These are the injections, the certificate of which is required for entry into the country of destination.

For example, a certificate of vaccination against yellow fever (YF) will be required for residents of regions where the disease is prevalent. Since Russia does not have this virus, our compatriots are not usually asked for a certificate.

However, if you plan to visit India after staying in countries endemic for JL, a vaccination certificate may be required. Vaccination is a single dose. Protection lasts for 10 years.

Where can Russians get vaccinated and how much will it cost?

You can get vaccinated in a polyclinic or at a commercial medical center. In Moscow, for example, there is a Central Vaccination Center specially set up for those going abroad.

If vaccinations are included in the National Calendar, most of them are free of charge, the rest – on special indications:

  • Hepatitis A vaccination . If you do not remember whether this vaccination was given in childhood, take a blood test for antibodies. The cost of the test is 300 rubles. If you have to be vaccinated, the cost will be 1700 rubles per injection;
  • against typhoid fever. This vaccination is not obligatory for Russians. It will be given if necessary: when a person is traveling to African countries, or South America or South-East Asia. A single injection costs 1,000-1,300 rubles;
  • for dysentery. The price of 1 dose is 1100 rubles;
  • from rabies. The cost of 1 injection – 500-1100 rubles;
  • from yellow fever . The price of an injection – 2000-2100 rubles.

The price will be 4-7 thousand rubles.

Video on the topic

Do I need a vaccination before a trip to Goa? The answer in the video:

Preparing for a trip to India, you need to be prepared for any surprises and get the necessary vaccinations. After your return, you should monitor your well-being. If you notice any malaise, fever or intestinal disorders, visit your doctor.

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