“Island of the Gods”, “Heaven on Earth”, “Treasure of the Indonesian Archipelago” – what epithets are adorned the island of Bali in Indonesia with all kinds of travel guides. For 40 years, experts are trying to unravel the mystery of the island. It lies in the fact that after a few decades of uninterrupted tourism Bali is not destroyed as any other resort, but on the contrary, is becoming more and more attractive.
Information about Bali in 2022
“Island of the Gods”, “Earth Paradise”, “Treasure of the Indonesian Archipelago” – what epithets do not adorn the island of Bali in Indonesia with all kinds of guides. For 40 years, experts are trying to unravel the mystery of the island. It lies in the fact that over the decades of uninterrupted tourism Bali is not destroyed as any other resort, but on the contrary, is becoming more and more attractive. Experts of the theory of Feng Shui argue that the creative charge of energy on this island draws in the fact that all the locals are at night with his head towards Mount Agung, and thus creates the effect of group meditation and directed flow of energy, which “takes away” all the negative. There are other theories, but we leave you the opportunity to put forward your own version, having been on this amazing island
History of Bali
There is very little information about the people who lived on the archipelago 5,000 years ago, but some experts believe that there was a migration to these islands from the southern part of the Asian continent from as early as 2,500 BC.
The penetration of the Hindu-Buddhist religion into Java is evidenced by the emergence of principalities, whose influence spread to such islands as Sumatra and Kalimantan, Srivijaya (9th century), Mataram (864) and the Hindu principality of Majapahit (13th century). Beginning in the 16th century, the spices for which the country was famous and its convenient location on important trade routes attracted seafarers from many countries of the world.
The first were the Portuguese, who established themselves in the eastern part of the archipelago. The Dutch, in search of cloves and other spices, discovered Indonesia in 1604 and ruled there until 1780, when under Napoleon the French demanded that all the Dutch colonies be given to them. In 1811 control of these territories passed to Great Britain, and in 1816. Holland managed to regain control, and Indonesia remained its colony until World War II. During Dutch rule, the disparate islands were a single country that began a national liberation struggle toward the end of World War II, under occupation by Japanese forces.
On August 17, 1945 the independence of Indonesia was declared, which the Netherlands recognized only in 1949. From December 27, 1949 to August 15, 1950 the country was called the United States of Indonesia. In the Dutch-Indonesian Union, the country was a member until August 15, 1954, when the Union was dissolved. Since August 17, 1950 Indonesia is an independent unitary republic. Today Indonesia is a member of OPEC, the United Nations and all of its specialized agencies.
Geography of Bali
The island of Bali is part of the Indonesian archipelago in Southeast Asia and is under the jurisdiction of the Republic of Indonesia, which has a population of approximately 198 million people, of which 9 million live in the capital, Jakarta. The population is divided into 365 ethnic groups. To the west of Bali is the island of Java. The total area of Bali is 5,600 square kilometers. The island stretches 150 km from west to east and 80 km from north to south. The main city and capital of Bali – Denpasar – is located in the southern part of the island.
Bali, Indonesia – the earthly paradise – is located in the southern hemisphere, an hour’s flight from Jakarta. Bali is called the Island of the Gods for a reason. Traveling to Bali is a luxurious nature, warm coastal waters of the ocean, and exotic beaches.
Most of the beaches in the north and northwest of Bali are covered with black volcanic sand, in the south, southwest and southeast of the island are white sandy beaches. The island of Bali is about 100 km long, it is located south of Singapore, just east of Java and in close proximity to them. The island of Bali is adorned not only excellent resorts with blue lagoons and dense tropical jungle, but also the rich sensual culture that came to Bali from Java in the 15th century with the Majapahit dynasty. Even today, this culture is still fascinating with its unique architecture, exoticism of music, dance, and painting.
Bali’s Climate and Weather
Bali’s climate is equatorial and tropical. Bali has two distinct seasons: the dry season (June through October) and the wet season (November through March). The greatest amount of precipitation falls, as a rule, in January and February. The rains are fairly frequent during this time, but as a rule, they are short and fall mainly at night. The tourist season on Bali Island continues all year round. The middle of the dry season, however, is considered the least favorable time to visit the island, due to the extremely high temperatures (up to 35 degrees). The average annual temperature on Bali is 26 degrees, and the average annual temperature of the ocean is 26-28 degrees.
The island of Bali has a population of over 3 million people. From an ethnic perspective, it is a mix of nationalities, such as Malaysians, Melanesians, Indians, Chinese, and others. The locals are very hospitable, welcoming, and helpful. The main part of the island’s population is concentrated on the south coast.
A characteristic feature of Balinese society is a clear division into castes. There are 4 of them in total: Brahmans, Kshatriyas, Vesyas, and Shudras (the latter make up 80% of the total population). The first, the highest, caste is responsible for all matters relating to religion. The Kshatriya are princes, i.e. historical warlords. The Vesheya are a kind of hereditary petty nobility. Shudras are ordinary commoners. This division is not as strict as, for example, in India, but it determines a lot in the social life of the Balinese. Tourists might not take it at all if there were not four different types of treatment according to his caste. So if you use the local language with the Balinese be careful not to offend a high caste person.
Languages of Bali
The national language of Indonesia is Indonesian (Bahasa Indonesia), but local dialects derived from the indigenous languages of the island are also widely spoken in Bali. Among them stands out Balinese (Bahasa Bali), which is the national language of the island of Bali. However, in large numbers you can also speak English, especially in the touristy parts of the island.
Religions of Bali
The main religion on the island is Hinduism. Because it has developed many individual characteristics that reflect the local culture, you can consider Balinese Hinduism. Hinduism on the island of Bali has been greatly influenced by local cults that combine elements of the cult of the ancestors, Buddhism, spiritualism and other religious-philosophical complexes.
There are three time zones in Indonesia: Sumatra, Java, Western and Central Kalimantan are 4 hours ahead of Moscow, Bali, South and East Kalimantan and Sulawesi are 5 hours ahead of Moscow, the Maluku Islands are 6 hours ahead of Moscow.
Bali telephone service
You can get excellent phone service on Bali. You can call from an international pay phone, from special intercom centers, as well as from a hotel room (which on average is three times more expensive).
Telephone numbers for emergencies
- Ambulance – 118
- Police – 110
- Fire Department – 113
- Visitor’s Police – 763753
- Russian Consulate in Indonesia – 021-5225195/5222912 (Jakarta)
Entry rules for entering Bali
Russian citizens need an Indonesian visa to enter Bali. The visa is processed at the Indonesian Embassy. Required documents:
- A passport valid for 6 months;
- 1 picture 3х4;
- personal information;
- hotel booking confirmation or return ticket.
You may bring with you:
- items of personal use (within reason)
- up to 2 liters of alcoholic beverages
- up to 200 cigarettes / 50 cigars
- photo, cinema and video equipment at the rate of one item of each category per person.
Importation is prohibited:
- weapons and explosives
- pornographic materials
- printed materials on Chinese medicine.
Import and export of foreign currency is unrestricted.
If you intend to spend more than a month in Indonesia, typhoid and hepatitis vaccinations are recommended. You should not drink raw water, and use boiled or bottled factory water for cooking and hygiene procedures. You must be prepared for a digestive disorder – a trip to Asian countries is rarely without this scourge. We advise you to take a standard set of appropriate medications.
Money & Currency Exchange in Bali
Bali is Indonesia’s national currency, the Indonesian rupiah. The banknotes in denominations of 100, 500, 1000, 5000 and 10,000 rupiahs are in circulation. As for currency, the most popular are US dollar and Euro. It is recommended to take large denominations of banknotes with you as they are easier to change. You can exchange currency in banks, special exchange offices, as well as at the hotel (the latter option is less profitable). Banks in Bali work on the following schedule: Monday to Thursday – from 8 to 14, Friday and Saturday – from 8 to 11. Currency exchange points are open until the evening.
Transport in Bali
The main mode of public transport in Bali is the minibus, called “bemo”. Before boarding, it is advisable to check the route (with the driver – so as not to go somewhere wrong) and the fare (with passengers – so as not to take extra money from you “tourist fare”). There are also special buses exclusively for foreign tourists.
Cabs in Bali come in several colors: the familiar yellow, blue, green, and white. You need to negotiate the price of the fare, or insist that the driver turned on the counter (so as not to take too much from you).
For short distance rides you can use a bicycle rickshaw. However, this form of transport has a number of disadvantages. It costs the same as a cab (if you count by time), but its speed is very low, and in general, it’s not very nice to watch the unhappy driver.
There are boats and traditional boats between the islands. It is worth negotiating the fare in advance in cabs.
The mains voltage is 220 volts and the frequency is 50 hertz.
Hepatitis A and B and yellow fever vaccinations are recommended (not required).
Holidays and non-working days
January 1, Good Friday, May 10, 25, 31, August 9 and 17, December 20 and 25, Muslim and local national holidays.
Excursions and Entertainment
The island of Bali is unique in its combination of relaxing and active holidays. Here, we have everything you need for a good diving: perfect water temperature, excellent visibility, numerous coral reefs, a variety of tropical fish and wrecks. You will be pleasantly surprised and delighted with fishing or rafting on stormy rivers (rafting). For those interested in the culture of Bali we can offer a wide variety of excursions.
From April to October the winds blowing in from Australia create glorious waves between Ulu Watu and Gilimanuk in West Bali, and from the east in Nusa Lembogan, where you can surf all year round.
There are also helicopter tours around the island, bird and reptile park visits, elephant safaris, diving tours within Bali and the islands of Lembongan and Nusa Penida.
Bali hotels are located in resorts with superb blue lagoons and dense tropical jungle. In addition to the impressive nature, the island has preserved a rich and sensual culture, which even today amazes with unique architecture, exotic music, dance, and painting.
In Bali you can buy in large shopping malls (shopping center) or in small private stores and stalls. In the first are not usually haggled over, because there are fixed prices. And in the second – on the contrary, you need to haggle. The seller will tell you the price is several times higher than the real one. Therefore, from the quoted price you can safely take from 10 to 90%. Exactly how much you can get depends on your skill at bargaining. Supermarkets or grocery stores can be found most often on the 1st floor of shopping centers, which are open from 09:00 to 21:00; many also work on Sunday.
If you want to buy traditional handicrafts such as wood carvings, batiks, gold and silverware, and exotic paintings by local artists, it is best to buy them at art centers that specialize in them. In the many shops that sell such items, you may be sold fakes.
List of major shopping centers:
In Kuta – “Discovery Mall”, address Jl.Kartika Plaza (opposite the water park), “Kuta Square”, address Jl.Bakung Sari, “Bali Mall Galeria”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai, “Plaza Bali”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai #80X, “Duty Free Shop”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai (simpang dewa ruci).
In Nusa Dua and Jimbaranga – “Tragia”, address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai, “Plaza Bali” address Jl. By Pass Ngurah Rai 100X, “Galleria”, address Kompleks Pertokoan Galeria Block D #1, “Keris Gallery”, address Kompleks Pertokoan Galleria Block D #6. In Sanur – “Hardys” Jl.D.Tamblingan #136
Where is the island of Bali, what country
Where is Bali? Even though the word “Bali” has long been on everyone’s lips and everyone knows that it is a small island and a popular vacation destination, but not everyone can tell you where this paradise is. Many people associate Bali with a luxury resort, which is not everyone can afford, so the interest in learning more about Bali is immediately lost. While this is a misconception (it is possible to rest here quite economically), however, some truth in this statement is. Flying to Bali is quite expensive, which is why the island seems unattainable. And the reason it’s expensive is that it’s a very far flight. In this article we’ll tell you not only where Bali is, but also why it attracts thousands of tourists from all over the world.
Where is Bali on the world map
Bali is located in Southeast Asia. It is a small island in the Malay Archipelago, which is the largest island country in the world – Indonesia. It is located east of the island of Java, where Jakarta, the country’s capital, is located. Together with all the islands to the east of it – Lombok, Sumbawa, Flores, etc., Bali forms the Lesser Sunda Islands group. To the south, it is bounded by the Indian Ocean, and to the north, by the Bali Sea, which belongs to the Pacific Ocean. As one of the links in the chain of islands in the Malay Archipelago, Bali is very sheltered from the tsunami of its neighboring islands, the possibility of which is extremely low.
Bali is located nearly in the middle of the archipelago and can be a convenient starting point for a trip to the whole Indonesia, because it takes only 15 minutes by ferry to reach Java with its famous Buddhist temples, and the unique volcano Kelimutu and the Komodo National Park are only 1.5 hours away by plane.
The spot on the world map where Bali is located is just below the equator, which means that there is no seasonal change and no change in the hours of daylight. The island is situated in the equatorial monsoon climate zone, which means that it is equally warm all year round, and the changes in weather are determined by seasonal winds, which change their direction only twice a year. So instead of the usual four seasons there are only two: the wet season (November to April), when it may rain, and the dry season (May to October), when it does not rain and due to lower humidity it gets a little cooler. You can get to know Bali all year round.
Map of the island
Bali is really hard to find on the world map, because the island is very small: it is 150 km long and 80 km wide. This is only one-third of Indonesia’s total land area! And the more striking is the natural diversity of the island, which fits into this small area. Bali has everything: beaches with white sand and black volcanic, reef bottom and sandy, the expanse of rice fields, hills and mountains, the incredible beauty of lakes and mountain streams, and dozens of waterfalls. If you go from the south to the north of the island, you will be surprised how much the natural landscape changes. The arid savannah forests give way to rice paddies and dense jungles of equatorial rainforest, which gradually turn into mountain forests. They cover a mountain range that stretches from west to east, conventionally dividing the island into two parts. To the south of it the climate is more humid, so this area abounds with rice paddies. In northern Bali, on the other hand, the climate is drier and more suitable for the cultivation of coffee and grapes. In the eastern part of the mountain range are two active volcanoes and the highest point on the island – Agung Volcano (3014 m).
The population of the island is about 4 million people, most of whom live in rural areas. But in Bali there are also quite large cities: Singaraja, Amlapura, the island’s capital city, Denpasar. You should buy tickets to Denpasar if you plan to travel to Bali, because the airport of the island is located next to it.
How to get to Bali?
Most tourists get to Bali with connections: the road takes longer, but for many it is less tiring, because they do not need to sit in one place for 12 hours, and it is much cheaper. The best flight options with one or two connections are offered by Etihad, Emirates, Cathay Pacific, China Eastern and other airlines. More information about the best way to get to Bali you can find here: Flights to Bali.
Indonesia is a country of about 6 thousand inhabited islands and Bali is only one of them. So why of all the islands only Bali has become so famous? The answer to this question may seem naive and strange, but still… The fact is that Bali is different. First of all, it is the only island in Indonesia that has not adopted Islam and has maintained its original Hindu religion and culture. This culture, traditions, and customs are everywhere: in architecture, in clothes, in colorful ceremonies, for which entire neighborhoods are blocked off, in the whole way of life of local people, in their smiles. In harmony with the beauty of wildlife, its intricate temples and houses create a unique, a little even fairy-tale atmosphere that you will not feel anywhere else in the world, not even anywhere in Indonesia. Therefore, the island is rich not only natural attractions. Here are preserved ancient temples, royal tombs, palaces of the Balinese nobility, and in Ubud, there are several museums with paintings by talented local artists.
Secondly, the position of the island and its coastline are such that excellent waves come here. Moreover, Bali is one of the few places on earth where the surfing season lasts all year round. This is not only due to the diversity of the island’s surf spots, of which there are several dozen. There are west- and east-coast spots at different times of the year, and since the size of the island makes it possible to quickly cover the distance between them, surfers can comfortably stay in Bali at any time of the year and not miss the best waves.
Here we find out where Bali is: it’s just a small part of vast Indonesia, but how much is extraordinary about it. It attracts surfers, outdoor and beach lovers, yogis, artists and photographers from all over the world. Bali is the pearl of Indonesia, but in no way a symbol of it, because the island does not represent the whole country. Rather, on the contrary, it stands out from the general series of its islands, which is why it has a special place on the map of Indonesia and the world map.